Journal of Geographical Sciences

, Volume 29, Issue 6, pp 971–983 | Cite as

Spatial-temporal variations in cold surge events in northern China during the period 1960–2016

  • Wenlan Gao
  • Keqin DuanEmail author
  • Shuangshuang Li


Among the most devastating extreme weather events, cold surge (CS) events frequently impact northern China. It has been reported that extreme weather events will increase in the global warming context. However, the direct evidence of this hypothesis is limited. Here, we investigated the changes in frequency, number, duration, and temperature of CS events in northern China using the daily minimum temperature dataset of 331 stations from 1960 to 2016. The results indicate that the annual CS events in terms of frequency and number decreased, and the duration shortened as the starting date was later and the ending date earlier. Meanwhile, the annual CS temperature increased. In addition, spatial trends in the CS events in terms of frequency, number, and duration decreased while the CS temperature increased in most regions of northern China. We interpreted these variations as a response to global warming. However, the extreme CS events in terms of frequency, number and the earliest starting date and the latest ending date showed little change though the extreme CS temperature increased, implying climate warming had not limited extreme CS events. The adverse effect of CS events on agriculture and human health remain concerning.


cold surge frequency number duration temperature northern China 


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Copyright information

© Science Press Springer-Verlag 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Geography and TourismShaanxi Normal UniversityXi’anChina

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