Journal of Geographical Sciences

, Volume 29, Issue 8, pp 1381–1395 | Cite as

Evolution and driving forces of rural functions in urban agglomeration: A case study of the Chang-Zhu-Tan region

  • Xuelan Tan
  • Qiaoling Ouyang
  • Yue An
  • Shengyuan Mi
  • Lingxiao Jiang
  • Guohua ZhouEmail author


As the Rural Revitalization Strategy is gradually implemented, China’s rural areas are set to have more diverse function requirements. This paper selects the Chang-sha-Zhuzhou-Xiangtan region (Chang-Zhu-Tan) consisting of 23 county-level units) as a case study and looks at its economic development, agricultural product supply, social security and ecological service functions during 1996–2016. It then constructs an index system to evaluate the temporal evolution of the region’s rural functions. SPSS 19.0 and DPS 7.05 software, as well as Pearson’s correlation coefficient analysis, system clustering, optimal segmentation of ordered samples and other methods, are used to study the evolution traits, regional differentiation characteristics and driving forces of rural functions in the region. The results show, first of all, that the overall evolution trend is increasing in functions with periodic characteristics, the key nodes being 2000 and 2008. Second, there is clear geographical differentiation in the evolution of rural functions. The economic development function shows rapid growth in the urban agglomeration’s center and relatively weak growth at the periphery; the agricultural product supply function and ecological service function are concentrated in county-level units with abundant cultivated and forest land; and the social security function displays similar geographical differentiation to the economic development function. Overall, there is an obvious discrepancy in the degree of development of rural functions among county-level units of the Changsha-Zhuzhou-Xiangtan urban agglomeration; the rural functions of the agglomeration and peripheral county-level units have different development traits; and county-level units display functional differentiation. Third, rural functions have evolved as a result of interactions between various factors, such as natural resources, socio-economic conditions and local transport conditions. The new driving forces caused by urbanization are ultimately leading the evolution of rural functions toward multi-functional comprehensive development.


rural functions sequential evolution regional differentiation driving forces rural revitalization Changsha-Zhuzhou-Xiangtan 


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Copyright information

© Science in China Press 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xuelan Tan
    • 1
    • 2
  • Qiaoling Ouyang
    • 1
  • Yue An
    • 1
  • Shengyuan Mi
    • 1
  • Lingxiao Jiang
    • 1
  • Guohua Zhou
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.College of Resources and EnvironmentHunan Agricultural UniversityChangshaChina
  2. 2.Department of Resources and Environment ScienceHunan Normal UniversityChangshaChina

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