Journal of Geographical Sciences

, Volume 29, Issue 5, pp 779–790 | Cite as

Geodetection analysis of the driving forces and mechanisms of erosion in the hilly-gully region of northern Shaanxi Province

  • Xuefeng Yuan
  • Jichang HanEmail author
  • Yajing Shao
  • Yuheng Li
  • Yongsheng Wang


This paper analyzes the spatial variation in soil erosion in the loess hilly-gully region of northern Shaanxi Province, China. It sums up existing research, describes the factors that drive soil erosion, and uses geodetection to investigate the factors individually and in pairs. Our results show that soil erosion in the loess hilly-gully region of northern Shaanxi is mainly hydraulic erosion. There are significant spatial differences in the severity of soil erosion in the region. Generally, it is more severe in the north and west and less severe in the south and east. Individual factor detection results show that the major risk factors affecting soil erosion are human population distribution, precipitation, land-use type, elevation, and soil type. Interactive detection results show that interacting factors play much bigger roles in soil erosion than do individual factors. Based on forced detection results from different periods of time, we can see that forest and grass coverage, urbanization, and economic development in the study area all clearly inhibit soil erosion.


soil erosion driving factors geodetection loess hilly-gully region northern Shaanxi 


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Copyright information

© Science Press Springer-Verlag 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xuefeng Yuan
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    • 4
  • Jichang Han
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Yajing Shao
    • 4
  • Yuheng Li
    • 3
  • Yongsheng Wang
    • 3
  1. 1.College of Land EngineeringChang’an UniversityXi’anChina
  2. 2.Key Laboratory of Degraded and Unused Land Consolidation EngineeringThe Ministry of Land and ResourcesXi’anChina
  3. 3.Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources ResearchCASBeijingChina
  4. 4.School of Earth Science and ResourcesChang’an UniversityXi’anChina

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