Comparison of the load response of closed-ended and open-ended pipe piles driven in gravelly sand

  • Fei HanEmail author
  • Eshan Ganju
  • Rodrigo Salgado
  • Monica Prezzi
Research Paper


Slow-maintained static load tests were performed on closed-ended and open-ended steel pipe piles driven side by side in a gravelly sand soil profile. The site investigation consisted of multiple cone penetration tests (CPTs) and standard penetration tests (SPTs), as well as laboratory tests on soil samples collected at various depths from the test site to determine basic soil properties. The test piles were densely instrumented with a combination of electrical-resistance and vibrating-wire strain gauges. The open-ended test pile was a specially fabricated double-wall, fully-instrumented pile, allowing for separation of the measurements of the inner and outer shaft resistances. Detailed comparison of the load test results, in terms of driving resistance, load response and profiles of unit shaft and base resistances for the two test piles, is presented and discussed. The applicability of three CPT-based pile design methods is assessed through a layer-by-layer comparison of the estimated resistances with those measured in the static load tests.


Closed-ended pile Double-wall instrumentation Open-ended pile Pile load test 



The work presented in this paper was funded by the Joint Transportation Research Program (JTRP) administered by the Indiana Department of Transportation (INDOT) and Purdue University through Contract SPR-4040. The support of the Indiana Department of Transportation (INDOT) and the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) is gratefully acknowledged. The continuous support received from INDOT staff Mir Zaheer is gratefully appreciated. The authors are grateful for the help from Kevin Brower, Yohan Casiraghi, Maria Elisa Muller De Faria, Matheus Santanna Andrade, Brunno Godinho Vieira, Shahedur Rahman, Abhishek S.V., Vibhav Bisht for pile instrumentation and load tests. The authors also acknowledge the support from Jonathan Paauwe from INDOT for site investigation, and Jeff Carlson and Patric Tuuk from Superior Construction Company, Inc. for the field operations.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Lyles School of Civil EngineeringPurdue UniversityWest LafayetteUSA

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