Effect of helix bending deflection on load settlement behaviour of screw pile

  • Adnan Anwar MalikEmail author
  • Jiro Kuwano
  • Shinya Tachibana
  • Tadashi Maejima
Research Paper


A screw pile has higher end bearing capacity than any other straight pipe piles due to its larger helix with respect to central shaft. However, larger helices are not frequently used as it will bend and may reduce the actual bearing capacity of the ground. In the present study, the effect of helix bending deflection on the load settlement behaviour and ultimate bearing capacity is investigated. To achieve the objectives, model scale pile load tests were conducted. The effect of helix bending on the load settlement behaviour at higher stress level was also investigated in this research. The helices with different helix-to-shaft-diameter ratios and thicknesses were used, so that clear difference of deformed and non-deformed screw piles in the load settlement behaviour can be observed. Dry Toyoura sand in dense state was used as a model ground. It is observed from test results that the helix bending deflection starts affecting the load settlement behaviour of the ground if it is more than the critical helix bending deflection. The ratio of critical helix bending deflection to outstand length decreases with increase in helix-to-shaft-diameter ratio, and its relationship is presented in this study. It is also observed that the Roark’s formula for flat circular plate having uniform load over a very small circular area with fixed outer edges showed good agreement with the measured helix bending deflection. In order to estimate the optimum helix thickness, the well-agreed equation is also modified with respect to critical helix bending deflection.


Helix bending deflection Load settlement behaviour Pile load test Screw pile 



The first author acknowledges the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (Monbukagakusho) of Japan for its support by providing the scholarship for this research.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Adnan Anwar Malik
    • 1
    Email author
  • Jiro Kuwano
    • 1
  • Shinya Tachibana
    • 2
  • Tadashi Maejima
    • 3
  1. 1.Graduate School of Science and EngineeringSaitama UniversitySaitama-shiJapan
  2. 2.Research Center for Urban Safety and SecurityKobe UniversityKobeJapan
  3. 3.Asahikasei Kenzai CompanyChiyodaJapan

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