Acta Geotechnica

, Volume 14, Issue 6, pp 1843–1856 | Cite as

Field loading tests of screw micropiles under axial cyclic and monotonic loads

  • Zhengyang Guo
  • Mujtaba Khidri
  • Lijun DengEmail author
Research Paper


Unlike conventional grouted micropiles, screw micropiles have been recently introduced to the foundation industry. Full-scale field tests of screw micropiles were carried out at a cohesive soil site. The screw micropiles have a diameter varying from 76 to 114 mm and a length varying from 1.6 to 3 m, and spiral threads welded on the lower half of the steel tubular shaft. Site investigation from cone penetration tests (CPT) and laboratory testing implies that the soil was medium to stiff, low plasticity clay. Six axial monotonic and three axial cyclic load tests were performed on three micropiles. One micropile was instrumented with strain gauges to investigate the shaft load distribution during loading. The axial cyclic loading was intended to simulate cyclic inertia load during vertical ground motions. Results showed that the micropiles behave as frictional piles during monotonic tests; the unit shaft resistance and adhesion coefficient were calculated and compared with results in the literature. The end installation torque was estimated using CPT shaft resistance and was shown to agree reasonably with the measured torque. Under axial cyclic loading, the micropiles underwent small cumulative displacements and the magnitude of the displacement decreased with increasing pile length and diameter. Cyclic loading redistributed the load transfer along different segments of the micropile. Negative skin resistance was observed along the smooth pile shaft when the pile underwent decreasing axial loading.


Axial behavior Cyclic loads Field test Pile Screw micropile 



This research was financed by Natural Science and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC) under the Collaborative R&D Program (CRDPJ 469600-14). The authors acknowledge Krinner Canada Inc. for the financial and in-kind support. The first author also appreciates the NSERC-Industrial Postgraduate Scholarship with the support of Krinner, and the technical support of Tomas Johansson, Krinner, and Benoit Trudeau, Work On That Structure Inc.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Klohn Crippen Berger LtdCalgaryCanada
  2. 2.Department of Civil and Environmental EngineeringUniversity of AlbertaEdmontonCanada

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