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Quantum error rejection for faithful quantum communication over noise channels

  • Peng-Liang Guo
  • Cheng-Yan Gao
  • Tao Li
  • Xi-Han Li
  • Fu-Guo DengEmail author
Invited Review
  • 102 Downloads

Abstract

Quantum state transmission is a prerequisite for various quantum communication networks. The channel noise inevitably introduces distortion of quantum states passing through either a free-space channel or a fibre channel, which leads to errors or decreases the security of a practical quantum communication network. Quantum error rejection is a useful technology to faithfully transmit quantum states over large-scale quantum channels. It provides the communication parties with an uncorrupted quantum state by rejecting error states. Usually, additional photons or degrees of freedom are required to overcome the adverse effects of channel noise. As quantum error rejection method consumes less quantum resource than other anti-noise methods, it is more convenient to perform error-rejection quantum state transmission with current technology. In this review, several typical quantum error-rejection schemes for single-photon state transmission are introduced in brief and some error-rejection schemes for entanglement distribution are also briefly presented.

Key words

quantum state transmission quantum error rejection collective noise 

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Copyright information

© Science China Press and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Peng-Liang Guo
    • 1
  • Cheng-Yan Gao
    • 1
  • Tao Li
    • 2
  • Xi-Han Li
    • 3
  • Fu-Guo Deng
    • 1
    • 4
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Physics, Applied Optics Beijing Area Major LaboratoryBeijing Normal UniversityBeijingChina
  2. 2.School of ScienceNanjing University of Science and TechnologyNanjingChina
  3. 3.Department of PhysicsChongqing UniversityChongqingChina
  4. 4.NAAM-Research Group, Department of Mathematics, Faculty of ScienceKing Abdulaziz UniversityJeddahSaudi Arabia

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