Advertisement

Status and perspectives of the CRAFTS extra-galactic HI survey

  • Kai ZhangEmail author
  • JingWen WuEmail author
  • Di LiEmail author
  • Marko Krčo
  • Lister Staveley-Smith
  • NingYu Tang
  • Lei Qian
  • MengTing Liu
  • ChengJin Jin
  • YouLing Yue
  • Yan Zhu
  • HongFei Liu
  • DongJun Yu
  • JingHai Sun
  • GaoFeng Pan
  • Hui Li
  • HengQian Gan
  • Rui Yao
  • FAST Collaboration
Article Special Topic: The Science and Technology of FAST

Abstract

The Five-hundred-meter Aperture Spherical radio Telescope (FAST) is expected to complete its commissioning in 2019. FAST will soon begin the Commensal Radio Astronomy FasT Survey (CRAFTS), a novel and unprecedented commensal drift scan survey of the entire sky visible from FAST. The goal of CRAFTS is to cover more than 20000 deg2 and reach redshift up to about 0.35. We provide empirical measurements of the beam size and sensitivity of FAST across the 1.05 to 1.45 GHz frequency range of the FAST L-band array of 19-beams (FLAN). Using a simulated HI-galaxy catalogue based on the HI Mass Function (HIMF), we estimate the number of galaxies that CRAFTS may detect. At redshifts below 0.35, over 6 × 105 HI galaxies may be detected. Below the redshift of 0.07, the CRAFTS HIMF will be complete above a mass threshold of 109.5M. FAST will be able to investigate the environmental and redshift dependence of the HIMF to an unprecedented depth, shedding light onto the missing baryon and missing satellite problems.

Keywords

HI regions and 21-cm lines radio telescopes and instrumentation statistical and correlative studies of properties 

References

  1. 1.
    M. S. Roberts, Galaxies and the Universe, edited by M. Sandage, and J. Kristan (University of Chicago Press, Chicago, 1975), p. 309.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    D. G. Barnes, L. Staveley-Smith, W. J. G. de Blok, T. Oosterloo, I. M. Stewart, A. E. Wright, G. D. Banks, R. Bhathal, P. J. Boyce, M. R. Calabretta, M. J. Disney, M. J. Drinkwater, R. D. Ekers, K. C. Freeman, B. K. Gibson, A. J. Green, R. F. Haynes, P. Te Lintel Hekkert, P. A. Henning, H. Jerjen, S. Juraszek, M. J. Kesteven, V. A. Kilborn, P. M. Knezek, B. Koribalski, R. C. Kraan-Korteweg, D. F. Malin, M. Marquarding, R. F. Minchin, J. R. Mould, R. M. Price, M. E. Putman, S. D. Ryder, E. M. Sadler, A. Schroder, F. Stootman, R. L. Webster, W. E. Wilson, and T. Ye, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 322, 486 (2001).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    M. J. Meyer, M. A. Zwaan, R. L. Webster, L. Staveley-Smith, E. Ryan-Weber, M. J. Drinkwater, D. G. Barnes, M. Howlett, V. A. Kilborn, J. Stevens, M. Waugh, M. J. Pierce, R. Bhathal, W. J. G. de Blok, M. J. Disney, R. D. Ekers, K. C. Freeman, D. A. Garcia, B. K. Gibson, J. Harnett, P. A. Henning, H. Jerjen, M. J. Kesteven, P. M. Knezek, B. S. Koribalski, S. Mader, M. Marquarding, R. F. Minchin, J. O’Brien, T. Oosterloo, R. M. Price, M. E. Putman, S. D. Ryder, E. M. Sadler, I. M. Stewart, F. Stootman, and A. E. Wright, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 350, 1195 (2004).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    R. Giovanelli, M. P. Haynes, B. R. Kent, P. Perillat, A. Saintonge, N. Brosch, B. Catinella, G. L. Hoffman, S. Stierwalt, K. Spekkens, M. S. Lerner, K. L. Masters, E. Momjian, J. L. Rosenberg, C. M. Springob, A. Boselli, V. Charmandaris, J. K. Darling, J. Davies, D. G. Lambas, G. Gavazzi, C. Giovanardi, E. Hardy, L. K. Hunt, A. Iovino, I. D. Karachentsev, V. E. Karachentseva, R. A. Koopmann, C. Marinoni, R. Minchin, E. Muller, M. Putman, C. Pantoja, J. J. Salzer, M. Scodeggio, E. Skillman, J. M. Solanes, C. Valotto, W. van Driel, and L. van Zee, Astron. J. 130, 2598 (2005).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    M. P. Haynes, R. Giovanelli, A. M. Martin, K. M. Hess, A. Saintonge, E. A. K. Adams, G. Hallenbeck, G. L. Hoffman, S. Huang, B. R. Kent, R. A. Koopmann, E. Papastergis, S. Stierwalt, T. J. Balonek, D. W. Craig, S. J. U. Higdon, D. A. Kornreich, J. R. Miller, A. A. O’Donoghue, R. P. Olowin, J. L. Rosenberg, K. Spekkens, P. Troischt, and E. M. Wilcots, Astron. J. 142, 170 (2011), arXiv: 1109.0027.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    R. Giovanelli, and M. P. Haynes, Astron. Astrophys. Rev. 24, 1 (2016), arXiv: 1510.04660.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    M. P. Haynes, R. Giovanelli, B. R. Kent, E. A. K. Adams, T. J. Balonek, D. W. Craig, D. Fertig, R. Finn, C. Giovanardi, G. Hallenbeck, K. M. Hess, G. L. Hoffman, S. Huang, M. G. Jones, R. A. Koopmann, D. A. Kornreich, L. Leisman, J. Miller, C. Moorman, J. OConnor, A. ODonoghue, E. Papastergis, P. Troischt, D. Stark, and L. Xiao, Astrophys. J. 861, 49 (2018), arXiv: 1805.11499.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    F. H. Briggs, Astron. J. 100, 999 (1990).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    P. Schechter, Astrophys. J. 203, 297 (1976).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    A. Klypin, A. V. Kravtsov, O. Valenzuela, and F. Prada, Astrophys. J. 522, 82 (1999).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    A. M. Martin, E. Papastergis, R. Giovanelli, M. P. Haynes, C. M. Springob, and S. Stierwalt, Astrophys. J. 723, 1359 (2010), arXiv: 1008.5107.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    L. J. Storrie-Lombardi, and A. M. Wolfe, Astrophys. J. 543, 552 (2000).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    C. Péroux, R. G. McMahon, L. J. Storrie-Lombardi, and M. J. Irwin, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 346, 1103 (2003).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    M. A. Zwaan, M. J. Meyer, L. Staveley-Smith, and R. L. Webster, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc.-Lett. 359, L30 (2005).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    A. M. Martin, E. Papastergis, R. Giovanelli, M. P. Haynes, C. M. Springob, and S. Stierwalt, Astrophys. J. 723, 1359 (2010), arXiv: 1008.5107.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    M. G. Jones, M. P. Haynes, R. Giovanelli, and C. Moorman, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 477, 2 (2018), arXiv: 1802.00053.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    D. Obreschkow, D. Croton, G. De Lucia, S. Khochfar, and S. Rawlings, Astrophys. J. 698, 1467 (2009), arXiv: 0904.2221.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    A. R. Duffy, S. T. Kay, R. A. Battye, C. M. Booth, C. Dalla Vecchia, and J. Schaye, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 420, 2799 (2012), arXiv: 1107.3720.ADSGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    C. M. Moorman, M. S. Vogeley, F. Hoyle, D. C. Pan, M. P. Haynes, and R. Giovanelli, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 444, 3559 (2014), arXiv: 1408.3392.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    M. G. Jones, E. Papastergis, M. P. Haynes, and R. Giovanelli, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 457, 4393 (2016), arXiv: 1510.07050.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    A. R. Duffy, R. A. Battye, R. D. Davies, A. Moss, and P. N. Wilkinson, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 383, 150 (2007), arXiv: 0707.2316.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    A. R. Duffy, M. J. Meyer, L. Staveley-Smith, M. Bernyk, D. J. Croton, B. S. Koribalski, D. Gerstmann, and S. Westerlund, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 426, 3385 (2012), arXiv: 1208.5592.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    R. Nan, Sci. China Ser. G-Phys. Mech. Astron. 49, 129 (2006).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    R. Nan, D. Li, C. Jin, Q. Wang, L. Zhu, W. Zhu, H. Zhang, Y. Yue, and L. Qian, Int. J. Mod. Phys. D 20, 989 (2011), arXiv: 1105.3794.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    D. Li, P. Wang, L. Qian, M. Krco, A. Dunning, P. Jiang, Y. Yue, C. Jin, Y. Zhu, Z. Pan, and R. Nan, IEEE Microwave 19, 112 (2018), arXiv: 1802.03709.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    P. Jiang, Y. L. Yue, H. Q. Gan, R. Yao, H. Li, G. F. Pan, J. H. Sun, D. J. Yu, H. F. Liu, N. Y. Tang, L. Qian, J. G. Lu, J. Yan, B. Peng, S. X. Zhang, Q. M. Wang, Q. Li, D. Li, and FAST Collaboration, Sci. China-Phys. Mech. Astron. 62, 959502 (2019), arXiv: 1903.06324.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    D. W. Hogg, arXiv: astro-ph/9905116.Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    M. Meyer, A. Robotham, D. Obreschkow, T. Westmeier, A. R. Duffy, and L. Staveley-Smith, Publ. Astron. Soc. Aust. 34, e052 (2017), arXiv: 1705.04210.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    C. J. Jin, K. Zhu, J. Fan, H. F. Liu, Y. Zhu, H. Q. Gan, J. L. Yu, Z. S. Gao, Y. Cao, and Y. Wu, in The optics of the Five-hundred-meter Aperture Spherical radio Telescope: Proceedings of the International Symposium on Antennas and Propagation (ISAP), Nanjing, 2013.Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    M. G. Jones, E. Papastergis, M. P. Haynes, and R. Giovanelli, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 449, 1856 (2015), arXiv: 1502.07359.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    J. Li, Y. G. Wang, M. Z. Kong, J. Wang, X. Chen, and R. Guo, Res. Astron. Astrophys. 18, 003 (2018), arXiv: 1711.09315.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    M. G. Jones, M. P. Haynes, R. Giovanelli, and E. Papastergis, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 455, 1574 (2016), arXiv: 1510.03854.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    E. Papastergis, R. Giovanelli, M. P. Haynes, A. Rodríguez-Puebla, and M. G. Jones, Astrophys. J. 776, 43 (2013), arXiv: 1308.2661.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Science China Press and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kai Zhang
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    Email author
  • JingWen Wu
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    Email author
  • Di Li
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    Email author
  • Marko Krčo
    • 1
    • 3
  • Lister Staveley-Smith
    • 4
    • 5
  • NingYu Tang
    • 1
    • 3
  • Lei Qian
    • 1
    • 3
  • MengTing Liu
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • ChengJin Jin
    • 1
    • 3
  • YouLing Yue
    • 1
    • 3
  • Yan Zhu
    • 1
    • 3
  • HongFei Liu
    • 1
    • 3
  • DongJun Yu
    • 1
    • 3
  • JingHai Sun
    • 1
    • 3
  • GaoFeng Pan
    • 1
    • 3
  • Hui Li
    • 1
    • 3
  • HengQian Gan
    • 1
    • 3
  • Rui Yao
    • 1
    • 3
  • FAST Collaboration
  1. 1.National Astronomical ObservatoriesChinese Academy of SicencesBeijingChina
  2. 2.University of Chinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  3. 3.CAS Key Laboratory of FAST, National Astronomical ObservatoriesChinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  4. 4.International Centre for Radio Astronomy Research (ICRAR)The University of Western AustraliaPerthAustralia
  5. 5.ARC Centre of Excellence for All Sky Astrophysics in 3 Dimensions (ASTRO 3D)The University of Western AustraliaPerthAustralia

Personalised recommendations