Advertisement

Nanoscale all-optical logic devices

  • Ye Chen
  • YinKe Cheng
  • RongBin Zhu
  • FeiFan Wang
  • HaoTian Cheng
  • ZhenHuan Liu
  • ChongXiao Fan
  • YuXuan Xue
  • ZhongCheng Yu
  • JianKun Zhu
  • XiaoYong HuEmail author
  • QiHuang Gong
Invited Review

Abstract

Commercial computers based on electronic logic devices have brought great changes to the world. However, traditional electronic devices are suffering from numerous technical challenges in their attempts to continue to satisfy Moore’s law. All-optical logic devices, as promising successors to their electronic counterparts, have become a major focus of optics research. In this paper, we provide a review of current all-optical logic devices. The logic gates in these devices, which are described in the first part of the review, are divided into five categories based on the different principles used in their realization. Complex optical devices with various functions and reconfigurable devices are summarized in the next section. In the final part of this paper, we discuss some of the previous works on all-optical integrated chips with specific functions. This review will provide a complete technological roadmap for all-optical devices and aims to be helpful in possible future developments in this growing field.

Keywords

optical logic elements integrated optics optical switching 

References

  1. 1.
    H. M. E. Hussein, T. A. Ali, and N. H. Rafat, Opt. Commun. 411, 175 (2018).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    R. M. Younis, N. F. F. Areed, and S. S. A. Obayya, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26, 1900 (2014).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    N. Saidani, W. Belhadj, and F. AbdelMalek, Opt. Quant. Electron. 47, 1829 (2015).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Y. Fu, X. Hu, C. Lu, S. Yue, H. Yang, and Q. Gong, Nano Lett. 12, 5784 (2012).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    F. Wang, Z. Gong, X. Hu, X. Yang, H. Yang, and Q. Gong, Sci. Rep. 6, 24433 (2016).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    A. Dolatabady, and N. Granpayeh, J. Opt. Soc. Korea 16, 432 (2012).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Y. Sharma, V. A. Tiruveedhula, J. F. Muth, and A. Dhawan, Opt. Express 23, 5822 (2015).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    T. Akiyama, O. Wada, H. Kuwatsuka, T. Simoyama, Y. Nakata, K. Mukai, M. Sugawara, and H. Ishikawa, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 1753 (2000).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    E. Dimitriadou, and K. E. Zoiros, J. Opt. 14, 105401 (2012).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    H. Y. Hu, X. Zhang, and S. Zhao, Cogent Phys. 4, 1388156 (2017).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    H. Sun, Q. Wang, H. Dong, and N. K. Dutta, Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 48, 29 (2006).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    S. Ma, Z. Chen, H. Sun, and N. K. Dutta, Opt. Express 18, 6417 (2010).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    H. Sun, Q. Wang, H. Dong, and N. K. Dutta, Opt. Express 13, 1892 (2005).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    K. Mukai, Y. Nakata, H. Shoji, M. Sugawara, K. Ohtsubo, N. Yokoyama, and H. Ishikawa, Electron. Lett. 34, 1588 (1998).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    P. Ridha, L. Li, M. Rossetti, G. Patriarche, and A. Fiore, Opt. Quant. Electron. 40, 239 (2008).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    E. Dimitriadou, and K. E. Zoiros, Opt. Laser Tech. 44, 1971 (2012).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    E. Dimitriadou, and K. E. Zoiros, Opt. Commun. 285, 1710 (2012).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Y. Zhao, D. Lombardo, J. Mathews, and I. Agha, APL Photon. 2, 026102 (2017), arXiv: 1611.03937.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Z. Zhou, C. Liu, Y. Fang, J. Zhou, R. T. Glasser, L. Chen, J. Jing, and W. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 191113 (2012).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    S. Gao, X. Wang, Y. Xie, P. Hu, and Q. Yan, Opt. Lett. 40, 1448 (2015).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    A. Piccardi, A. Alberucci, U. Bortolozzo, S. Residori, and G. Assanto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 071104 (2010).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    C. Y. Wang, C. W. Chen, H. C. Jau, C. C. Li, C. Y. Cheng, C. T. Wang, S. E. Leng, I. C. Khoo, and T. H. Lin, Sci. Rep. 6, 30873 (2016).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    J. F. Tao, J. Wu, H. Cai, Q. X. Zhang, J. M. Tsai, J. T. Lin, and A. Q. Liu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 113104 (2012).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    A. Fushimi, and T. Tanabe, in 2014 Conference on Lasers and Electro–Optics (CLEO)—Laser Science to Photonic Applications, San Jose, CA, USA, 8–13 June (San Jose, 2014), pp. 1–2.Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Q. Liu, Z. Ouyang, C. J. Wu, C. P. Liu, and J. C. Wang, Opt. Express 16, 18992 (2008).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    T. Birr, U. Zywietz, P. Chhantyal, B. N. Chichkov, and C. Reinhardt, Opt. Express 23, 31755 (2015).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    S. Serajmohammadi, H. Alipour–Banaei, and F. Mehdizadeh, Appl. Opt. 57, 1617 (2018).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    J. Xie, X. Niu, X. Hu, F. Wang, Z. Chai, H. Yang, and Q. Gong, Nanophotonics 6, 1161 (2017).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    G. Li, A. V. Krishnamoorthy, I. Shubin, J. Yao, Y. Luo, H. Thacker, X. Zheng, K. Raj, and J. E. Cunningham, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 19, 95 (2013).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    S. Kaur, R. S. Kaler, and T. S. Kamal, J. Opt. Soc. Korea 19, 222 (2015).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    C. Lu, X. Hu, H. Yang, and Q. Gong, Sci. Rep. 4, 3869 (2015).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    D. K. Tripathi, Jestech 20, 89 (2017).Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    K. Singh, G. Kaur, and M. L. Singh, Opt. Eng. 55, 077104 (2016).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    D. Ballarini, M. De Giorgi, E. Cancellieri, R. Houdré, E. Giacobino, R. Cingolani, A. Bramati, G. Gigli, and D. Sanvitto, Nat. Commun. 4, 1778 (2013), arXiv: 1201.4071.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    J. Azaña, Opt. Lett. 33, 4 (2008).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    X. Wang, F. Zhou, S. Yan, Y. Yu, J. Dong, and X. Zhang, Photon. Res. 5, 182 (2017).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Y. Park, J. Azaña, and R. Slavík, Opt. Lett. 32, 710 (2007).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    F. Liu, T. Wang, L. Qiang, T. Ye, Z. Zhang, M. Qiu, and Y. Su, Opt. Express 16, 15880 (2008).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    N. K. Berger, B. Levit, B. Fischer, M. Kulishov, D. V. Plant, and J. Azaña, Opt. Express 15, 371 (2007).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    Z. Zhang, M. Dainese, L. Wosinski, and M. Qiu, Opt. Express 16, 4621 (2008).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    Y. Li, J. C. Li, H. C. Yu, H. Yu, H. W. Chen, S. G. Yang, and M. H. Chen, On–chip Photonic Microsystem for Optical Signal Processing Based on Silicon and Silicon Nitride Platforms (De Gruyter, Berlin, 2018), pp. 81–101.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    J. Feldmann, M. Stegmaier, N. Gruhler, C. Ríos, H. Bhaskaran, C. D. Wright, and W. H. P. Pernice, Nat. Commun. 8, 1256 (2017).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Science China Press and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ye Chen
    • 1
  • YinKe Cheng
    • 1
  • RongBin Zhu
    • 1
  • FeiFan Wang
    • 1
  • HaoTian Cheng
    • 1
  • ZhenHuan Liu
    • 1
  • ChongXiao Fan
    • 1
  • YuXuan Xue
    • 1
  • ZhongCheng Yu
    • 1
  • JianKun Zhu
    • 1
  • XiaoYong Hu
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • QiHuang Gong
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.State Key Laboratory for Mesoscopic Physics & Department of Physics, Collaborative Innovation Center of Quantum MatterPeking UniversityBeijingChina
  2. 2.Collaborative Innovation Center of Extreme OpticsShanxi UniversityTaiyuanChina

Personalised recommendations