Advertisement

Periodically poled lithium niobate whispering gallery mode microcavities on a chip

  • ZhenZhong Hao
  • Li Zhang
  • Ang Gao
  • WenBo Mao
  • XiaoDan Lyu
  • XiaoMei Gao
  • Fang BoEmail author
  • Feng Gao
  • GuoQuan ZhangEmail author
  • JingJun XuEmail author
Article

Abstract

In this study, we investigate the fabrication of periodically poled lithium niobate (PPLN) microdisk cavities on a chip. These resonators are fabricated from a PPLN film with a 16 μm poling period on insulator using conventional microfabrication techniques. The quality factor of the PPLN microdisk resonators with a 40-μm radius and a 700-nm thickness is 6.7×105. Second harmonic generation (SHG) with an efficiency of 2.2×10−6 mW−1 is demonstrated in the fabricated PPLN microdisks. The nonlinear conversion efficiency could be considerably enhanced by optimizing the period and pattern of the poled structure and by improving the cavity quality factors.

Keywords

whispering gallery mode periodically poled lithium niobate microcavities second harmonic generation 

References

  1. 1.
    K. J. Vahala, Nature 424, 839 (2003).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    L. Arizmendi, Phys. Stat. Sol. A 201, 253 (2004).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    J. U. Fürst, D. V. Strekalov, D. Elser, A. Aiello, U. L. Andersen, C. Marquardt, and G. Leuchs, Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 113901 (2011), arXiv: 1008.0594.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    M. Förtsch, J. U. Fürst, C. Wittmann, D. Strekalov, A. Aiello, M. V. Chekhova, C. Silberhorn, G. Leuchs, and C. Marquardt, Nat. Commun. 4, 1818 (2013), arXiv: 1204.3056.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    C. Wang, M. Zhang, B. Stern, M. Lipson, and M. Lončar, Opt. Express 26, 1547 (2018), arXiv: 1701.06470.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    J. U. Fürst, D. V. Strekalov, D. Elser, M. Lassen, U. L. Andersen, C. Marquardt, and G. Leuchs, Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 153901 (2010), arXiv: 0912.3864.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    C. Wang, M. J. Burek, Z. Lin, H. A. Atikian, V. Venkataraman, I. C. Huang, P. Stark, and M. Lončar, Opt. Express 22, 30924 (2014), arXiv: 1410.2625.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    J. T. Lin, Y. X. Xu, Z. W. Fang, M. Wang, N. W. Wang, L. L. Qiao, W. Fang, and Y. Cheng, Sci. China-Phys. Mech. Astron. 58, 114209 (2015), arXiv: 1405.6473.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    J. Moore, J. K. Douglas, I. W. Frank, T. A. Friedmann, R. Camacho, and M. Eichenfield, in Efficient Second Harmonic Generation in Lithium Niobate on Insulator: Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, San Jose, 2016), p. STh3P.1.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    J. Lin, Y. Xu, J. Ni, M. Wang, Z. Fang, L. Qiao, W. Fang, and Y. Cheng, Phys. Rev. Appl. 6, 014002 (2016).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    R. Luo, H. Jiang, S. Rogers, H. Liang, Y. He, and Q. Lin, Opt. Express 25, 24531 (2017).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    D. V. Strekalov, A. S. Kowligy, Y. P. Huang, and P. Kumar, New J. Phys. 16, 053025 (2014), arXiv: 1304.4217.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Z. Hao, J. Wang, S. Ma, W. Mao, F. Bo, F. Gao, G. Zhang, and J. Xu, Photon. Res. 5, 623 (2017).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    K. Sasagawa, and M. Tsuchiya, Appl. Phys. Express 2, 122401 (2009).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    J. U. Fürst, D. V. Strekalov, D. Elser, A. Aiello, U. L. Andersen, C. Marquardt, and G. Leuchs, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 263904 (2010), arXiv: 1010.5282.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    T. Beckmann, H. Linnenbank, H. Steigerwald, B. Sturman, D. Haertle, K. Buse, and I. Breunig, Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 143903 (2011), arXiv: 1012.0801.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    F. Bo, J. Wang, J. Cui, S. K. Ozdemir, Y. Kong, G. Zhang, J. Xu, and L. Yang, Adv. Mater. 27, 8075 (2015).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    A. Guarino, G. Poberaj, D. Rezzonico, R. Degl’Innocenti, and P. Günter, Nat. Photon 1, 407 (2007), arXiv: 0705.2392.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    T. J. Wang, C. H. Chu, and C. Y. Lin, Opt. Lett. 32, 2777 (2007).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    J. Wang, F. Bo, S. Wan, W. Li, F. Gao, J. Li, G. Zhang, and J. Xu, Opt. Express 23, 23072 (2015).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    M. Wang, Y. Xu, Z. Fang, Y. Liao, P. Wang, W. Chu, L. Qiao, J. Lin, W. Fang, and Y. Cheng, Opt. Express 25, 124 (2017), arXiv: 1611.03612.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    V. S. Ilchenko, A. A. Savchenkov, A. B. Matsko, and L. Maleki, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 043903 (2004).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    D. Haertle, J. Opt. 12, 035202 (2010).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    V. S. Ilchenko, A. B. Matsko, A. A. Savchenkov, and L. Maleki, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 20, 1304 (2003).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    J. Wang, B. Zhu, Z. Hao, F. Bo, X. Wang, F. Gao, Y. Li, G. Zhang, and J. Xu, Opt. Express 24, 21869 (2016).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    X. Jiang, L. Shao, S. X. Zhang, X. Yi, J. Wiersig, L. Wang, Q. Gong, M. Lončar, L. Yang, and Y. F. Xiao, Science 358, 344 (2017).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Science China Press and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.MOE Key Laboratory of Weak Light Nonlinear Photonics, TEDA Institute of Applied Physics and School of PhysicsNankai UniversityTianjinChina
  2. 2.The Collaborative Innovation Center of Extreme OpticsShanxi UniversityTaiyuanChina

Personalised recommendations