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Structural phase transition, antiferromagnetism and two superconducting domes in LaFeAsO1-xFx (0 < x ≤ 0.75)

  • Jie YangEmail author
  • Toshihide Oka
  • Zheng Li
  • HuaiXin Yang
  • JianQi Li
  • GenFu Chen
  • Guo-Qing ZhengEmail author
Article

Abstract

We report 75As nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR)/nuclear quadrupole resonance (NQR) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) studies on LaFeAsO1−xFx. There are two superconducting domes in this material. The first one appears at 0.03 ≤ x ≤ 0.2 with T c max = 27 K, and the second one at 0.25 ≤ x ≤ 0.75 with T c max = 30 K. By NMR and TEM, we demonstrate that a C4-to-C2 structural phase transition (SPT) takes place above both domes, with the transition temperature Ts varying strongly with x. In the first dome, the SPT is followed by an antiferromagnetic (AF) transition, but neither AF order nor low-energy spin fluctuations are found in the second dome. By 75As nuclear spin-lattice relaxation rate (1/T1) measurements, we find that AF order and superconductivity coexist microscopically in LaFeAsO0.97F0.03. In the coexisting region, 1/T1 decreases at Tc but becomes proportional to T below 0.6Tc, indicating gapless excitations. Therefore, in contrast to the early reports, the obtained phase diagram for x ≤ 0.2 is quite similar to the doped BaFe2As2 system. The electrical resistivity ρ in the second dome can be fitted by ρ = ρ0 + ATn with n = 1 and a maximal coefficient A at around xopt = 0.5-0.55 at which Ts extrapolates to zero and Tc is the maximal, which suggests the importance of quantum critical fluctuations associated with the SPT. We have constructed a complete phase diagram of LaFeAsO1−xFx, which provides insight into the relationship between SPT, antiferromagnetism and superconductivity.

keywords

nuclear magnetic resonance antiferromagnetism superconductivity structural phase transition 

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Copyright information

© Science China Press and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of PhysicsChinese Academy of Sciences and Beijing National Laboratory for Condensed Matter PhysicsBeijingChina
  2. 2.Department of PhysicsOkayama UniversityOkayamaJapan

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