Dynamical model of HEV with two planetary gear units and its application to optimization of energy consumption
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A hybrid electric vehicle (HEV) that uses multiple planetary gear units with clutches as transmission system is advanced for the powertrain performance, because the operation of the clutches can lead to distinct operating modes, and the induced possible operating modes provide additional freedom to deal with the energy optimal control problem. Under each operating mode, the powertrain mechanical system has specific dynamical behavior. In order to develop model-based optimization schemes that can tackle the transient operations of the vehicle, exact dynamical modeling is investigated focusing on a hybrid powertrain system that uses a two-planetary-gear transmission box with two clutches. It shows that according to the states of the two clutches, the powertrain system has the power-split mode, parallel mode and the electric vehicle (EV) mode. Finally, an analysis for the calculation of the desired driving torque and its application to the dynamic programming (DP)-based energy management indicate the significance of the developed exact dynamical models.
Keywordshybrid electric vehicle two-planetary-gear modeling energy management dynamic programming
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