Science China Technological Sciences

, Volume 62, Issue 11, pp 1896–1906 | Cite as

Cotransport of graphene oxides/reduced graphene oxides with BPA in both bare and iron oxides coated quartz sand

  • XianWei Liu
  • Meng Li
  • FuYang Liu
  • Lei He
  • MeiPing TongEmail author


This study investigated the cotransport behaviors of graphene oxides (GO) and reduced graphene oxides (RGO) with bisphenol A (BPA) in porous media in both NaCl (1 and 10 mmol/L) and CaCl2 solutions (0.5 and 1.5 mmol/L) at pH 6.5. Both bare and iron oxides-coated quartz sand were employed as porous media in present study. We found that under all examined solution conditions, the presence of BPA (100 µ/L) did not have obvious influence on the transport of both GO and RGO (8 mg/L as TOC) in both bare and iron oxides-coated quartz sand. Although the dissolved BPA was the major form dominating the transport behaviors of total BPA in the presence of GO/RGO, yet the GO/RGO-associated BPA (due to the adsorption of BPA onto GO/RGO surfaces) also had some contribution to the transport of total BPA in the presence of GO/RGO in two types of porous media. Overall, due to the different transport behaviors of GO and RGO under different solution conditions, we found that the presence of GO/RGO decreased the transport of total BPA under all examined solution conditions in two types of porous media with the smallest decrease in 1 mmol/L NaCl solutions and the largest in 1.5 mmol/L CaCl2 solutions. The results of this study clearly indicated that when BPA was co-present with GO/RGO, the transport behaviors of GO/RGO in porous media would have great influences on the fate and transport of BPA in natural environments due to their adsorption onto GO/RGO.


BPA graphene oxides cotransport vehicle effect porous media 


Supplementary material

11431_2019_9512_MOESM1_ESM.docx (824 kb)
Cotransport of graphene oxides/reduced graphene oxides with BPA in both bare and iron oxides coated quartz sand


  1. 1.
    Peng S, Wu D, Ge Z, et al. Influence of graphene oxide on the transport and deposition behaviors of colloids in saturated porous media. Environ Pollut, 2017, 225: 141–149CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Huang X, Yin Z, Wu S, et al. Graphene-based materials: Synthesis, characterization, properties, and applications. Small, 2011, 7: 1876–1902CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Dreyer D R, Park S, Bielawski C W, et al. The chemistry of graphene oxide. Chem Soc Rev, 2010, 39: 228–240CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Qi Z, Hou L, Zhu D, et al. Enhanced transport of phenanthrene and 1-naphthol by colloidal graphene oxide nanoparticles in saturated soil. Environ Sci Technol, 2014, 48: 10136–10144CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Rahimi E, Mohaghegh N. Removal of toxic metal ions from sungun acid rock drainage using mordenite zeolite, graphene nanosheets, and a novel metal-organic framework. Mine Water Environ, 2016, 35: 18–28CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Zhou D D, Jiang X H, Lu Y, et al. Cotransport of graphene oxide and Cu(II) through saturated porous media. Sci Total Environ, 2016, 550: 717–726CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Xu J, Zhu Y F. Elimination of bisphenol A from water via graphene oxide adsorption. Acta Physico-Chimica Sin, 2013, 29: 829–836Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Xu J, Wang L, Zhu Y F. Decontamination of bisphenol A from aqueous solution by graphene adsorption. Langmuir, 2012, 28: 8418–8425CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Sun W, Wang C, Pan W, et al. Effects of natural minerals on the adsorption of 17β-estradiol and bisphenol A on graphene oxide and reduced graphene oxide. Environ Sci-Nano, 2017, 4: 1377–1388CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Ge Z, Wu D, He L, et al. Effects of graphene oxides on transport and deposition behaviors of bacteria in saturated porous media. Sci China Tech Sci, 2019, 62: 276–286CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Zakari S, Liu H, Tong L, et al. Transport of bisphenol-A in sandy aquifer sediment: Column experiment. Chemosphere, 2016, 144: 1807–1814CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Xue J, Kannan P, Kumosani T A, et al. Resin-based dental sealants as a source of human exposure to bisphenol analogues, bisphenol A diglycidyl ether, and its derivatives. Environ Res, 2018, 162: 35–40CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Staples C A, Dome P B, Klecka G M, et al. A review of the environmental fate, effects, and exposures of bisphenol A. Chemosphere, 1998, 36: 2149–2173CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Rochester J R. Bisphenol A and human health: A review of the literature. Reprod Toxicol, 2013, 42: 132–155CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Chen M Y, Ike M, Fujita M. Acute toxicity, mutagenicity, and estrogenicity of bisphenol-A and other bisphenols. Environ Toxicol, 2002, 17: 80–86CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Cao F M, Bai P L, Li H C, et al. Preparation of polyethersulfone-organophilic montmorillonite hybrid particles for the removal of bisphenol A. J Hazard Mater, 2009, 162: 791–798CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Rathnayake S I, Xi Y, Frost R L, et al. Environmental applications of inorganic-organic clays for recalcitrant organic pollutants removal: Bisphenol A. J Colloid Interface Sci, 2016, 470: 183–195CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Wu Z S, Wei X H, Xue Y T, et al. Removal effect of atrazine in co-solution with bisphenol A or humic acid by different activated carbons. Materials, 2018, 11: 2558–2571CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Wu D, He L, Sun R, et al. Influence of bisphenol A on the transport and deposition behaviors of bacteria in quartz sand. Water Res, 2017, 121: 1–10CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Xu X, Wang Y, Li X. Sorption behavior of bisphenol A on marine sediments. J Environ Sci Health Part A, 2008, 43: 239–246CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Guex L G, Sacchi B, Peuvot K F, et al. Experimental review: Chemical reduction of graphene oxide (GO) to reduced graphene oxide (rGO) by aqueous chemistry. Nanoscale, 2017, 9: 9562–9571CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Chowdhury I, Duch M C, Mansukhani N D, et al. Colloidal properties and stability of graphene oxide nanomaterials in the aquatic environment. Environ Sci Technol, 2013, 47: 6288–6296CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Qi Y, Xia T, Li Y, et al. Colloidal stability of reduced graphene oxide materials prepared using different reducing agents. Environ Sci-Nano, 2016, 3: 1062–1071CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    A Lerf, H.Y He, M Forster, et al. Structure of graphite oxide revisited. J Phys Chem B, 1998, 102: 4477–4482CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Xia T, Fortner J D, Zhu D, et al. Transport of sulfide-reduced graphene oxide in saturated quartz sand: Cation-dependent retention mechanisms. Environ Sci Technol, 2015, 49: 11468–11475CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Dikin D A, Stankovich S, Zimney E J, et al. Preparation and characterization of graphene oxide paper. Nature, 2007, 448: 457–460CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Kapetas L, Ngwenya B T, Macdonald A M, et al. Thermodynamic and kinetic controls on cotransport of Pantoea agglomerans cells and Zn through clean and iron oxide coated sand columns. Environ Sci Technol, 2012, 46: 13193–13201CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Dong Z, Yang H, Wu D, et al. Influence of silicate on the transport of bacteria in quartz sand and iron mineral-coated sand. Colloids Surfs B-Biointerfaces, 2014, 123: 995–1002CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Luo X, Wu D, Liang J, et al. Influence of typical anions on the transport of titanium dioxide nanoparticles in iron oxide-coated porous media. Acta Sci Nat Univ Pekinensis, 2017, 53: 749–757Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Li T, Lin D, Li L, et al. The kinetic and thermodynamic sorption and stabilization of multiwalled carbon nanotubes in natural organic matter surrogate solutions: The effect of surrogate molecular weight. Environ Pollut, 2014, 186: 43–49CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Fang J, Wang M, Shen B, et al. Distinguishable co-transport mechanisms of phenanthrene and oxytetracycline with oxidized-multi-walled carbon nanotubes through saturated soil and sediment columns: Vehicle and competition effects. Water Res, 2017, 108: 271–279CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Wang M, Gao B, Tang D, et al. Concurrent aggregation and transport of graphene oxide in saturated porous media: Roles of temperature, cation type, and electrolyte concentration. Environ Pollut, 2018, 235: 350–357CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Park S, Lee K S, Bozoklu G, et al. Graphene oxide papers modified by divalent ions—Enhancing mechanical properties via chemical cross-linking. ACS Nano, 2008, 2: 572–578CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    He J, Wang D, Zhou D. Transport and retention of silver nanoparticles in soil: Effects of input concentration, particle size and surface coating. Sci Total Environ, 2019, 648: 102–108CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Chowdhury I, Mansukhani N D, Guiney L M, et al. Aggregation and stability of reduced graphene oxide: Complex roles of divalent cations, pH, and natural organic matter. Environ Sci Technol, 2015, 49: 10886–10893CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Chen J Y, Ko C H, Bhattacharjee S, et al. Role of spatial distribution of porous medium surface charge heterogeneity in colloid transport. Colloids Surfs A-Physicochem Eng Aspects, 2001, 191: 3–15CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Han P, Wang X, Cai L, et al. Transport and retention behaviors of titanium dioxide nanoparticles in iron oxide-coated quartz sand: effects of pH, ionic strength, and humic acid. Colloids Surfs A-Physicochem Eng Aspects, 2014, 454: 119–127CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Science China Press and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • XianWei Liu
    • 1
  • Meng Li
    • 2
  • FuYang Liu
    • 2
  • Lei He
    • 2
  • MeiPing Tong
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.School of Environment and EnergyPeking University Shenzhen Graduate SchoolShenzhenChina
  2. 2.Key Laboratory of Water and Sediment Sciences, Ministry of Education, College of Environment and EnergyPeking UniversityBeijingChina

Personalised recommendations