Science China Technological Sciences

, Volume 61, Issue 12, pp 1845–1865 | Cite as

Imaging energetic electron spectrometer onboard a Chinese navigation satellite in the inclined GEO orbit

  • Hong Zou
  • YuGuang Ye
  • QiuGang Zong
  • HongFei Chen
  • JiQing Zou
  • Jiang Chen
  • WeiHong Shi
  • XiangQian Yu
  • WeiYing Zhong
  • YongFu Wang
  • XuZhi Zhou
  • YiXin Hao
  • XingRan Chen
  • XiangHong Jia
  • Feng Xu
  • SiPei Shao
  • Bo Wang
  • XiaoYun Hao
  • XiaoXin Zhang


The energetic electron measurement is one of the most important issues to understand dynamics in space physics and the applications for space weather. In this study, the principle and functional components of the imaging energetic electron spectrometer (IES) onboard a Chinese navigation satellite in the inclined GEO orbit (IGSO) was introduced. The IES instrument is developed by the team in Peking University (BeiDa), thus it is named as BD-IES. Based on the pin-hole technique, the instrument can measure 50–600 keV electrons incident from 9 directions over a range of 180° in polar angle. With pulse height analysis (PHA), the spectrum can be determined for each direction. The energy and angular calibrations were performed, which show the good energy and angular characteristics of BD-IES. Monte Carlo simulations show that the anti-proton design of BDIES can effectively decrease the proton contamination on the electron measurements in the inclined GEO orbit. The primary results of BD-IES verify the successful design of this instrument.


imaging energetic electron spectrometer pin-hole imaging system IGSO satellite 


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Copyright information

© Science China Press and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hong Zou
    • 1
  • YuGuang Ye
    • 1
  • QiuGang Zong
    • 1
  • HongFei Chen
    • 1
  • JiQing Zou
    • 1
  • Jiang Chen
    • 1
  • WeiHong Shi
    • 1
  • XiangQian Yu
    • 1
  • WeiYing Zhong
    • 1
  • YongFu Wang
    • 1
  • XuZhi Zhou
    • 1
  • YiXin Hao
    • 1
  • XingRan Chen
    • 1
  • XiangHong Jia
    • 2
  • Feng Xu
    • 2
  • SiPei Shao
    • 3
  • Bo Wang
    • 3
  • XiaoYun Hao
    • 3
  • XiaoXin Zhang
    • 4
  1. 1.Institute of Space Physics and Applied TechnologyPeking UniversityBeijingChina
  2. 2.State Key Laboratory of Space Medicine Fundamentals and ApplicationChinese Astronaut Research and Training CenterBeijingChina
  3. 3.Shandong Aerospace Electro-technologyYantaiChina
  4. 4.Key Laboratory of Space WeatherNational Center for Space WeatherBeijingChina

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