Tropical cyclones in a warming climate

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Access options

Buy single article

Instant unlimited access to the full article PDF.

US$ 39.95

Price includes VAT for USA


  1. Chand S S, Tory K J, Ye H, Walsh K J E. 2017. Projected increase in El Niño-driven tropical cyclone frequency in the Pacific. Nat Clim Change, 7: 123–127

  2. Emanuel K. 2017. Assessing the present and future probability of Hurricane Harvey’s rainfall. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA, 114: 12681–12684

  3. Emanuel K, Sundararajan R, Williams J. 2008. Hurricanes and global warming: Results from downscaling IPCC AR4 simulations. Bull Amer Meteorol Soc, 89: 347–368

  4. Kossin J P. 2019. Reply to: Moon, I.-J. et al.; Lanzante, J. R. Nature, 570: E16–E22

  5. Kossin J P, Emanuel K A, Vecchi G A. 2014. The poleward migration of the location of tropical cyclone maximum intensity. Nature, 509: 349–352

  6. Patricola C M, Wehner M F. 2018. Anthropogenic influences on major tropical cyclone events. Nature, 563: 339–346

  7. Vecchi G A, Soden B J. 2007. Effect of remote sea surface temperature change on tropical cyclone potential intensity. Nature, 450: 1066–1070

  8. Webster P J, Holland G J, Curry J A, Chang H R. 2005. Changes in tropical cyclone number, duration, and intensity in a warming environment. Science, 309: 1844–1846

  9. Wu L, Chou C, Chen C T, Huang R, Knutson T R, Sirutis J J, Garner S T, Kerr C, Lee C J, Feng Y C. 2014. Simulations of the present and late-Twenty-First-Century Western North Pacific tropical cyclone activity using a regional model. J Clim, 27: 3405–3424

  10. Wu L, Wang R, Feng X. 2018. Dominant role of the ocean mixed layer depth in the increased proportion of intense typhoons during 1980–2015. Earth’s Future, 6: 1518–1527

Download references


This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 41875117), and the Youth Innovation Promotion Association CAS (Grant No. 2017106).

Author information

Correspondence to Liang Wu or Zhiping Wen.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Wu, L., Wen, Z. & Huang, R. Tropical cyclones in a warming climate. Sci. China Earth Sci. (2020) doi:10.1007/s11430-019-9574-4

Download citation