Deep carbon cycle in subduction zones
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The carbon cycle between the deep Earth and the atmosphere (i.e., the deep carbon cycle) can significantly affect the global climate on both long and short time scales. Although carbon in the deep Earth can be released to the atmosphere in many ways, plate subduction is the only pathway for the return of carbon from the surface to the deep Earth. Owing to diversity in the forms of carbon and the special physicochemical property of carbonates, the behavior of carbon and carbonates in subduction zones significantly affects the products of subduction processes, the oxygen fugacity in subduction zones, and the activation and migration of elements during the crust-mantle interaction. Therefore, the carbon cycle in subduction zones plays an important role in maintaining a habitable climate by regulating the atmospheric CO2 concentration, which significantly affects the global climate, and in causing fundamental changes in the physical and chemical properties of the mantle that result in a heterogeneous mantle. In this study, we review and discuss previous studies and scientific problems regarding the carbon cycle in subduction zones from four aspects: observation and tracing of the carbon cycle, migration and variation of carbon during subduction, carbon flux, and the effect of the carbon cycle.
KeywordsSubduction Deep carbon cycle Carbon flux Carbonate Carbonatite Crust-mantle interaction Global climate
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The authors sincerely thank the two anonymous reviewers for their constructive comments on the manuscript. This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 41530211 & 41125013) and the National Key Laboratory of Geological Processes and Mineral Resources (Grant No. MSFGPMR01).
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