Structural architecture of Neoproterozoic rifting depression groups in the Tarim Basin and their formation dynamics

  • Bizhu HeEmail author
  • Cunli Jiao
  • Taizhu Huang
  • Xingui Zhou
  • Zhihui Cai
  • Zicheng Cao
  • Zhongzheng Jiang
  • Junwen Cui
  • Zhuoyin Yu
  • Weiwei Chen
  • Ruohan Liu
  • Xiaorui Yun
  • Guangming Hao
Research Paper


The Tarim Basin is the largest, oil-bearing, superimposed basin in the northwest of China. The evolution and tectonic properties of the initial Tarim Basin have been hotly disputed and remain enigmatic. The Neoproterozoic basin is covered by a vast desert and a huge-thickness of sedimentary strata, has experienced multiple tectonic movements, had a low signal to noise ratios (SNRs) of deep seismic reflection data, all of which have posed critical obstacles to research. We analysed four field outcrops, 18 wells distributed throughout the basin, 27 reprocessed seismic reflection profiles with higher SNRs across the basin and many ancillary local 2D and 3D profiles and aeromagnetic data. We found about 20 normal fault-controlled rifting depressions of the Cryogenian and Ediacaran scattered throughout the basin, which developed on the Precambrian metamorphic and crystalline basement. The structural framework is clearly different from that of the overlying Phanerozoic. The rifting depressions consist of mainly half grabens, symmetrical troughs and horst-grabens. From the northeast to southwest of the basin, they are divided into three rifting depression groups with the WNW, ENE, and NW-trends that are mainly controlled by normal faults. The maximum thicknesses of the strata are up to 4100 m. From the Cryogenian to Ediacaran, most of the main inherited faults to active and eventually ceased at the end of the Ediacaran or Early Cambrian, while subsidence centres appeared and migrated eastward along the faults. They revealed that the different parts of the Tarim continental block were in NNE-SSW-oriented and NNW-SSE-oriented extensional paleo-stress fields (relative to the present) during the Neoproterozoic, and were accompanied by clockwise shearing. According to the analysis of the activities of syn-sedimentary faults, filling sediments, magmatic events, and coordination with aeromagnetic anomalies, the tectonic properties of the fault depressions are different and are primarily continental rifts or intra-continental fault-controlled basins. The rifting phases mainly occurred from 0.8–0.61 Ga. The formation of the rifting depression was associated with the initial opening of the South Altun-West Kunlun Ocean and the South Tianshan Ocean, which were located at the northern and southern margins of the Tarim Block, respectively, in response to the break-up of the Supercontinent Rodinia and the initial opening of the Proto-Tethys Ocean.


Rifting depression groups Normal faults Extensional and clockwise shearing Cryogenian and Ediacaran Continental rift and intra-continental fault-controlled basin Tarim Basin 



We are grateful to Academicians Xu Z Q, Zhao W J, and Yang J S for their supports, We thank Professor Qi L X, Wang Z M, Qi J F, Wang Z Q, Yang H J, Qiu H J, Yun L, He D F, He Z L, Yin C M, Li Z J, Bao S J, Sun Z M, and Zhang J X for their help during the study. We are also grateful to two anonymous journal reviewers for their insightful and constructive reviews. We would also like to thank Engineer Zhang M for accurately rendering some of the figures. This study was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 41872121 & 41630207), the Basic Scientific Research Projects of the Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences (Grant Nos. JYYWF20180903 & JYYWF20182103), the Science Research project from the Northwest Subsidiary of SINOPEC (Grant No. KY2013-S-024) and the work project of Chinese Geological Survey (Grant Nos. 12120115002101, DD20160022, DD20160169 & 12120115026901).


  1. Allen P A, Armitage J J. 2012. Cratonic basins. In: Busby C, Azor A, eds. Chapter 30 of Tectonics of Sedimentary Basins: Recent Advances. London: Blackwell Publishing Ltd. 602–620Google Scholar
  2. Bureau of Geology and Mineral Resources of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region. 1993. Regional Geology of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region (in Chinese). Beijing: Geological Publishing House. 562Google Scholar
  3. Che Z C, Sun Y. 1996. The age of the Altun granulite facies complex and the basement of the Tarim Basin (in Chinese). Regional Geol China, 15: 51–57Google Scholar
  4. Deng X L, Shu L S, Zhu W B, Ma D S, Wang B. 2008. Precambrian tectonism, magmatism, deformation and geochronology of igneous rocks in the Xingdi fault zone, Xinjiang (in Chinese). Acta Petrol Sin, 24: 2800–2808Google Scholar
  5. Gao L Z, Guo X P, Ding X Z, Gao Z J, Zhang C H, Wang Z Q. 2013. Nanhuan Glaciation Event and Its Stratigraphic Correlation in Tarim Plate, China (in Chinese). Acta Geosci Sin, 34: 39–57Google Scholar
  6. Gao L Z, Wang Z Q, Xu Z Q, Yang J S, Zhang W. 2010. A new evidence from zircon SHRIMP U–Pb dating of the Neoproterozoic diamictite in Quruqtagh area, Tarim basin, Xinjiang, China (in Chinese). Geol Bull China, 29: 205–213Google Scholar
  7. Gao Z J, Chen J B, Lu S N. 1993. Pre–Cambrian System of Northern Xinjiang, No. 6 Pre–Cambrian Geology (in Chinese). Beijing: Geology Press. 171Google Scholar
  8. Gao Z J, Zhu C S. 1984. Pre–Cambrian Geology in Xinjiang China (in Chinese). Urumqi: Xinjiang People’s Publishing House. 45Google Scholar
  9. Ge R F, Zhu W B, Zheng B H, Wu H L, He J W, Zhu X Q. 2012. Early Pan–African magmatism in the Tarim Craton: Insights from zircon UPb–Lu–Hf isotope and geochemistry of granitoids in the Korla area, NW China. Precambrian Res, 212–213: 117–138CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Ge R F, Zhu W B, Wu L, Zheng B H, He J W. 2013. Timing and mechanisms of multiple episodes of migmatization in the Korla complex, northern Tarim Craton, NW China: Constraints from zircon U–Pb–Lu–Hf isotopes and implications for crustal growth. Precambrian Res, 231: 136–156CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Gehrels G E, Yin A, Wang X F. 2003a. Magmatic history of the northeastern Tibetan Plateau. J Geophys Res, 108: 2423CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Gehrels G E, Yin A, Wang X F. 2003b. Detrital–zircon geochronology of the northeastern Tibetan plateau. Geol Soc Am Bull, 115: 881–896CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Guiraud R, Bosworth W, Thierry J, Delplanque A. 2005. Phanerozoic geological evolution of Northern and Central Africa: An overview. J African Earth Sci, 43: 83–143CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Guo Z J, Yin A, Robinson A, Jia C Z. 2005. Geochronology and geochemistry of deep–drill–core samples from the basement of the central Tarim basin. J Asian Earth Sci, 25: 45–56CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Guo Z J, Zhang Z C, Jia C Z. 2001. Tectonics of Precambrian basement of the Tarim craton. Sci China Ser D–Earth Sci, 44: 229–236CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Guo Z J, Zhang Z C, Wang J J. 1999. Sm–Nd isochron age of ophiolite along northern margin of Altun Tagh Mountain and its tectonic significance. Chin Sci Bull, 44: 456–458CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. He B Z, Jiao C L, Xu Z Q, Cai Z H, Zhang J X, Liu S L, Li H B, Chen W W, Yu Z Y. 2016. The paleotectonic and paleogeography reconstructions of the Tarim Basin and its adjacent areas (NW China) during the late Early and Middle Paleozoic. Gondwana Res, 30: 191–206CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. He B Z. 2009. Tectonism and Their Impacts on Hydrocarbon Accumulation in Tarim Basin (in Chinese). Post–Doctor Research Report. Beijing: China Academy of Geological Sciences. 185Google Scholar
  19. He B Z, Jiao C L, Cai Z H, Zhang M, Gao A R. 2011. A new interpretation of the high aeromagnetic anomaly zone in central Tarim Basin (in Chinese with English Abstract). Geol China, 38: 961–965Google Scholar
  20. He D F, Li D S. 1996. Structural Evolution and Hydrocarbon Accumulation in Tarim Basin (in Chinese). Beijing: Geological Publishing House. 56Google Scholar
  21. He D F, Yuan H, Li D, Lei G L, Fan C, Chang Q S, Ye M L. 2011. Chronology, geochemistry and tectonic setting of granites at the core of Tugerming anticline, Tarim Basin: Indications of Paleozoic extensional and compression cycle at the northern margin of Tarim continental block (in Chinese with English Abstract). Acta Petrol Sin, 27: 133–146Google Scholar
  22. He X B, Xu B, Yuan Z Y. 2007. Carbon isotope composition and correlation of Late Neoproterozoic strata in Keping Region, Xinjiang (in Chinese). Chin Sci Bull, 52: 107–113Google Scholar
  23. He Z Y, Zhang Z M, Zong K Q, Wang W, Santosh M. 2012. Neoproterozoic granulites from the northeastern margin of the Tarim Craton: Petrology, zircon U–Pb ages and implications for the Rodinia assembly. Precambrian Res, 212–213: 21–33CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. He J W, Zhu W B, Ge R F, Zheng B H, Wu H L. 2014. Detrital zircon U–Pb ages and Hf isotopes of Neoproterozoic strata in the Aksu area, northwestern Tarim Craton: Implications for supercontinent reconstruction and crustal evolution. Precambrian Res, 254: 194–209CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Hou Z Z, Yang W C. 2011. Multi–scale inversion of density structure from gravity anomalies in Tarim Basin. Sci China Earth Sci, 54: 399–409CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Hu A Q, Wei G J. 2006. On the age of the Neoarchean Qingir gray gneisses from the northern Tarim Basin, Xinjiang, China (in Chinese with English Abstract). Acta Geol Sin, 80: 126–133Google Scholar
  27. Hu A Q, Wei G J, Jiang B M, Zhang J B, Deng W F, Chen L L. 2010. Formation of the 0.9 Ga Neoproterozoic granitoids in the Tianshan Orogen, NW China: Constraints from the SHRIMP zircon age determination and its tectonic significance (in Chinese with English Abstract). Geochimica, 39: 197–212Google Scholar
  28. Huang T Z. 2014. Structural interpretation and petroleum exploration targets in northern slope of middle Tarim Basin (in Chinese with English Abstract). Petrol Geol Experi, 36: 257–267Google Scholar
  29. Ingersoll R V. 2012. Tectonics of sedimentary basins, with revised nomenclature. In: Cathy B, Antonio Azor Perez, eds. Tectonics of Sedimentary Basins: Recent Advances. Blackwell Publishing Ltd. 3–43Google Scholar
  30. Jia C Z. 1997. Tectonic Characteristics and Petroleum Tarim Basin China (in Chinese). Beijing: Petroleum Industry Press. 165Google Scholar
  31. Jia C Z. 2004. Petroleum Geology and Exploration of Tarim Basin–Tectonic and Continental Dynamics of Tarim Basin (in Chinese). Beijing: Petroleum Industry Press. 202Google Scholar
  32. Jia C Z. 2009. The structures of basin and range system around the Tibetan Plateau and the distribution of oil and gas in the Tarim Basin (in Chinese with English Abstract). Geotect Metallogen, 33: 1–9Google Scholar
  33. Jia C Z, Zhang S B, Wu S Z. 2004. Stratigraphy of the Tarim Basin and Adjacent Areas (in Chinese). Beijing: Science Press. 516Google Scholar
  34. Jiao F Z. 2017. Significance of oil and gas exploration in NE strike–slip fault belts in Shuntuoguole area of Tarim Basin (in Chinese with English Abstract). Oil Gas Geol, 38: 831–839Google Scholar
  35. Kang J W, Mou C L, Zhou K K, Wang Q Y, Chen X W, Liang W, Ge X Y. 2016. Sequence stratigraphic analysis of the Sinian strata in the Aksu region, Xinjiang (in Chinese with English Abstract). Sediment Geol Tethyan Geol, 36: 47–54Google Scholar
  36. Kang Y Z. 2012. Regularities of oil and gas distribution in China’s three major types of basins (in Chinese). Xinjiang Petrol Geol, 33: 635–636Google Scholar
  37. Li H M, Lu S N, Zheng J K, Yu H F, Zhao F Q, Li H K, Zuo Y C. 2001. Dating of 3.6 Ga zircons in granite–gneiss from the eastern Altyn Mountains and its geological significance (in Chinese). Bull Mineral Petrol Geochemi, 20: 259–262Google Scholar
  38. Li J Y, Jia C Z, Hu S L, Huang Z B, Zeng Q, Tan Z J. 1999. The 40Ar–39Ar isotopic age of Wajilitag gabbro in Tarim basin and its geological significance (in Chinese). Acta Petrol Sin, 15: 594–599Google Scholar
  39. Li S Z, Zhao S J, Liu X, Cao H H, Yu S, Li X Y, Somerville I, Yu S Y, Suo Y H. 2018. Closure of the Proto–Tethys Ocean and Early Paleozoic amalgamation of microcontinental blocks in East Asia. Earth–Sci Rev, 186: 37–75CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Li Y J, Song W J, Wu G Y, Wang Y F, Li Y P, Zheng D M. 2005. Jinning granodiorite and diorite deeply concealed in the central Tarim Basin. Sci China Ser D–Earth Sci, 48: 2061CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Li Y J, Sun D L, Hu S L, Song W J, Wang G L, Tan Z J. 2003. 40Ar–39Ar geochronology of the granite and diorite revealed at the bottom of Tacan 1, the deepest well in China (in Chinese). Acta Petrol Sin, 19: 530–536Google Scholar
  42. Li Y J, Wu G Y, Meng Q L, Yang H J, Han J F, Li X S, Dong L S. 2008. Fault system in central area of the Tarim Basin geometry kinematics and dynamic settings (in Chinese). Chinese J Geol, 43: 82–118Google Scholar
  43. Li Z X, Evans D A D, Halverson G P. 2013. Neoproterozoic glaciations in a revised global palaeogeography from the breakup of Rodinia to the assembly of Gondwanaland. Sediment Geol, 294: 219–232CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Li Z X, Bogdanova S V, Collins A S, Davidson A, De Waele B, Ernst R E, Fitzsimons I C W, Fuck R A, Gladkochub D P, Jacobs J, Karlstrom K E, Lu S, Natapov L M, Pease V, Pisarevsky S A, Thrane K, Vernikovsky V. 2008. Assembly, configuration, and break–up history of Rodinia: A synthesis. Precambrian Res, 160: 179–210CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Li Z X, Li X H, Kinny P D, Wang J, Zhang S, Zhou H. 2003. Geochronology of Neoproterozoic syn–rift magmatism in the Yangtze Craton, South China and correlations with other continents: Evidence for a mantle superplume that broke up Rodinia. Precambrian Res, 122: 85–109CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Li Z X, Zhong S. 2009. Supercontinent–superplume coupling, true polar wander and plume mobility: Plate dominance in whole–mantle tectonics. Phys Earth Planet Inter, 176: 143–156CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Liu H F, Li X Q, Liu L Q, Hou G W, Bian H J. 2005. Petroleum plays in rift basins and extensional structures (in Chinese). Oil Gas Geol, 26: 537–552Google Scholar
  48. Liu L, Wang C, Cao Y T, Chen D L, Kang L, Yang W Q, Zhu X H. 2012. Geochronology of multi–stage metamorphic events: Constraints on episodic zircon growth from the UHP eclogite in the South Altyn, NW China. Lithos, 136–139: 10–26Google Scholar
  49. Long X P, Yuan C, Sun M, Kroner A, Zhao G C, Wilde S, Hu A Q. 2011. Reworking of the Tarim Craton by underplating of mantle plume–derived magmas: Evidence from Neoproterozoic granitoids in the Kuluketage area, NW China. Precambrian Res, 187: 1–14CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Long X P, Yuan C, Sun M, Zhao G C, Xiao W J, Wang Y J, Yang Y H, Hu A Q. 2010. Archean crustal evolution of the northern Tarim craton, NW China: Zircon U–Pb and Hf isotopic constraints. Precambrian Res, 180: 272–284CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Lu S N, Li H K, Zhang C L, Niu G H. 2008. Geological and geochronological evidence for the Precambrian evolution of the Tarim craton and surrounding continental fragments. Precambrian Res, 160: 94–107CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Lu S N, Yu H F, Li H K, Guo K Y, Wang H C, Jin W, Zhang C L, Liu Y S. 2006. Study on the Major Geological Problems of the Precambrian Period in China—The Key Geological Event Group and its Global Tectonic Significance of the Precambrian Period in Western China (in Chinese). Beijing: Geological Publishing House. 197Google Scholar
  53. Lu S N, Yuan G B. 2003. Geochronology of early Precambrian magmatic activities in Aketashitage, east Altyn Tagh (in Chinese). Acta Geol Sin, 77: 61–68Google Scholar
  54. Luo J H, Lei G L, Liu L, Xiao Z Y, Wei H X, Che Z C. 2009. The controlling of Altyn structural belt on petroleum geology of the southeastern part of the Tarim Basin, NW China (in Chinese). Geotect Metal, 33: 76–85Google Scholar
  55. Luo Z W, Xu B, He J Y. 2016. U–Pb Detrital Zircon Age Constraints on the Neoproterozoic Tereeken Glaciation in the Quruqtagh Area, Northwestern China (in Chinese). Acta Sci Natural U Pekinensis, 52: 467–474Google Scholar
  56. Nakajima T, Maruyama S, Uchiumi S, Liou J G, Wang X, Xiao X, Graham S A. 1990. Evidence for late Proterozoic subduction from 700–Myr–old blueschists in China. Nature, 346: 263–265CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Persaud P, Tan E, Contreras J, Lavier L. 2017. A bottom–driven mechanism for distributed faulting in the Gulf of California rift. Tectonophysics, 719–720: 51–65CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. Powell C M A, Preiss W V, Gatehouse C G, Krapez B, Li Z X. 1994. South Australian record of a Rodinian epicontinental basin and its mid–neoproterozoic breakup (~700 Ma) to form the Palaeo–Pacific Ocean. Tectonophysics, 237: 113–140CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. Qian Y X, Du Y M, Chen D Z, You D H, Zhang J T, Chen Y, Liu Z B. 2014. Stratigraphic sequences and sedimentary facies of Qigebulak Formation at Xianerbulak, Tarim Basin (in Chinese). Petrol Geol Experi, 36: 1–8Google Scholar
  60. Ren JY, Hu D S, Yang H Z, Ying X Y, Li P. 2011. Fault system and its control of carbonate platform in Tazhong uplift area, Tarim basin (in Chinese). China Geol, 38: 935–944Google Scholar
  61. Rogers J J W, Santosh M. 2002. Configuration of Columbia, a Mesoproterozoic supercontinent. Gondwana Res, 5: 5–22CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. Safonova I Y, Simonov V A, Buslov M M, Ota T, Maruyama S. 2008. Neoproterozoic basalts of the Paleo–Asian Ocean (Kurai accretionary zone, Gorny Altai, Russia): Geochemistry, petrogenesis, and geodynamics. Rus Geol Geophys, 49: 254–271CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. Safonova I Y, Santosh M. 2014. Accretionary complexes in the Asia–Pacific region: Tracing archives of ocean plate stratigraphy and tracking mantle plumes. Gondwana Res, 25: 126–158CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. Santosh M, Maruyama S, Yamamoto S. 2009. The making and breaking of supercontinents: Some speculations based on superplumes, super downwelling and the role of tectosphere. Gondwana Res, 15: 324–341CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. Shu L S, Deng X L, Zhu W B, Ma D S, Xiao W J. 2011. Precambrian tectonic evolution of the Tarim Block, NW China: New geochronological insights from the Quruqtagh domain. J Asian Earth Sci, 42: 774–790CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. Song S G, Su L, Li X H, Zhang G B, Niu Y L, Zhang L F. 2010. Tracing the 850–Ma continental flood basalts from a piece of subducted continental crust in the North Qaidam UHPM belt, NW China. Precambrian Res, 183: 805–816CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. Tang L J, Jia C Z. 2007. Structural Analysis and Stress Field Analysis of Tarim Superimposed Basin (in Chinese). Beijing: Science Press. 149Google Scholar
  68. Wang B, Shu L S, Liu H S, Gong H J, Ma Y Z, Mu L X, Zhong L L. 2014. First evidence for ca. 780 Ma intra–plate magmatism and its implications for Neoproterozoic rifting of the North Yili Block and tectonic origin of the continental blocks in SW of Central Asia. Precambrian Res, 254: 258–272CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. Wang C, Liu L, Che Z C, Chen D L, Zhang A D, Luo J H. 2006. U–Pb geochronology and tectonic setting of the granitic gneiss in Jianggaleisayi eclogite belt, the southern edge of Altyn Tagh (in Chinese). Geol J China U, 12: 74–82Google Scholar
  70. Wang C, Liu L, Yang W Q, Zhu X H, Cao Y T, Kang L, Chen S F, Li R S, He S P. 2013. Provenance and ages of the Altyn Complex in Altyn Tagh: Implications for the early Neoproterozoic evolution of northwestern China. Precambrian Res, 230: 193–208CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. Wang F T, Song Z Q, Wu S Z. 2006. The Palaeogeographic and Geo–Ecological Atlas of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region Eng (in Chinese). Beijing: Geological Publishing House. 80Google Scholar
  72. Wang F, Wang B, Shu L S. 2010. Continental tholeiitic basalt of the Akesu area (NW China) and its implication for the Neoproterozoic rifting in the northern Tarim (in Chinese). Acta Petrol Sin, 26: 547–558Google Scholar
  73. Wang Y C, Yang H, Wang X M, Zheng B Q. 1994. Takelamakan pre–Sinian paleorift and its petroleum potential (in Chinese). Xinjiang Petro Geol, 15: 191–200Google Scholar
  74. Wei Y F, Li J B, Du H X, Deng Z J, Kang J W. 2010. The significance of the Sinian post–collision peraluminous granites around south margin of the southwest Tianshan (in Chinese). Xinjiang Geol, 28: 242–246Google Scholar
  75. Wu G H, Zhang C Z, Wang H, Liu Y K, Li J J. 2009. Zircon SHRIMP UPb age of granodiorite of the Tacan 1 well in the central, Tarim basin, China (in Chinese). Geol Bull China, 28: 568–571Google Scholar
  76. Wu G H, Chen Z Y, Qu T L, Xu Y L, Zhang C Z. 2012. SHRIMP zircon age of the high aeromagnetic anomaly zone in central Tarim Basin and its geological implications. Natural Sci, 4: 1–4CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  77. Wu G Y, Li Y J, Wang G L, Zheng W, Luo J C, Meng Q L. 2006. Volcanic rocks of Jinningian oceanic islands in the Bachu area, Western Xinjiang (in Chinese). Geoscience, 20: 361–369Google Scholar
  78. Wu L, Guan S W, Ren R, Wang X B, Yang H J, Jin J Q, Zhu G Y. 2016. The characteristics of Precambrian sedimentary basin and the distribution of deep source rock: A case study of Tarim Basin in Neoproterozoic and source rocks in Early Cambrian, Western China (in Chinese). Petrole Explor Develop, 43: 905–915Google Scholar
  79. Xiao X C, Tang Y Q, Li J T, Feng Y M, Zhu B Q. 1990. Geotectonic Evolution in Northern Xinjiang (in Chinese). Xinjiang Geol Sci, 1: 47–68Google Scholar
  80. Xu B R. 1997. Basement rock distribution in Tarim Basin Inferred from aeromagnetic data (in Chinese). J Xi’an Petro Inst, 12: 8–11Google Scholar
  81. Xu B, Jiang P, Zheng H F, Zou H B, Zhang L F, Liu D Y. 2005. U–Pb zircon geochronology and geochemistry of Neoproterozoic volcanic rocks in the Tarim Block of northwest China: Implications for the breakup of Rodinia supercontinent and Neoproterozoic glaciations. Precambrian Res, 136: 107–123CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  82. Xu B, Kou X W, Song B, We W, Wang Y. 2008. SHRIMP dating of the upper Proterozoic volcanic rocks in the Tarim plate and constraints on the Neoproterozoic glaciation (in Chinese). Acta Petrol Sin, 24: 2857–2862Google Scholar
  83. Xu B, Xiao S H, Zou H B, Chen Y, Li Z X, Song B, Liu D Y, Zhou C M, Yuan X L. 2009. SHRIMP zircon U–Pb age constraints on Neoproterozoic Quruqtagh diamictites in NW China. Precambrian Res, 168: 247–258CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  84. Xu B, Zou H B, Chen Y, He J, Wang Y. 2013. The Sugetbrak basalts from northwestern Tarim Block of northwest China: Geochronology, geochemistry and implications for Rodinia breakup and ice age in the Late Neoproterozoic. Precambrian Res, 236: 214–226CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  85. Xu Z Q, He B Z, Zhang C L, Zhang J X, Wang Z M, Cai Z H. 2013. Tectonic framework and crustal evolution of the Precambrian basement of the Tarim Block in NW China: New geochronological evidence from deep drilling samples. Precambrian Res, 235: 150–162CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  86. Xu Z Q, Li S T, Zhang J X, Yang J S, He B Z, Li H B, Lin C S, Cai Z H. 2011. Paleo–Asian and Tethyan tectonic systems with docking the Tarim block (in Chinese). Acta Petrol Sin, 27: 1–22Google Scholar
  87. Yong W J, Zhang L F, Hall C M, Mukasa S B, Essene E J. 2013. The 40Ar/39Ar and Rb–Sr chronology of the Precambrian Aksu blueschists in western China. J Asian Earth Sci, 63: 197–205CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  88. Yan L, Li M, Pan W Q. 2014. Distribution characteristics of Permian igneous rock in Tarim basin–based on the high–precision aeromagnetic data (in Chinese). Progress Geophys, 29: 1843–1848Google Scholar
  89. Yang S F, Chen L F, Xiao Z R, Luo J C, Chen H L, Wang B Q, Chen X G, Liao L. 2009. The Cenozoic fault system of southeastern Tarim basin (in Chinese). Geotectonic Metall, 33: 33–37Google Scholar
  90. Yang W C, Wang J L, Zhong H Z, Chen B. 2012. Analysis of regional magnetic field and source structure in Tarim Basin (in Chinese). Chinese J Geophys, 55:1278–1287Google Scholar
  91. Yin X H, Li Y S, Liu Z P. 1998. Gravity field and crust–upper mantle structure over the Tarim Basin (in Chinese). Seismol Geol. 20: 370–378Google Scholar
  92. Yuan X C. 1996. Atlas of Geophysics in China (in Chinese). Beijing: Geological Pubblishing House. 200Google Scholar
  93. Zhai M G, Santosh M. 2011. The early Precambrian odyssey of the North China Craton: A synoptic overview. Gondwana Res, 20: 6–25CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  94. Zhang C L, Li H K, Wang H Y. 2012b. A Review on Precambrian tectonic evolution of Tarim block: Possibility of interaction between Neoproterozoic plate subduction and mantle plume (in Chinese). Geol Rev, 58: 923–936Google Scholar
  95. Zhang C L, Li X H, Li Z X, Lu S N, Ye H M, Li H M. 2007a. Neoproterozoic ultramafic–mafic–carbonatite complex and granitoids in Quruqtagh of northeastern Tarim Block, western China: Geochronology, geochemistry and tectonic implications. Precambrian Res, 152: 149–169CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  96. Zhang C L, Li Z X, Li X H, Ye H, Wang A, Guo K Y. 2006. Neoproter–ozoic bimodal intrusive complex in the Southwestern Tarim Block, Northwest China: Age, geochemistry, and implications for the rifting of Rodinia. Int Geol Rev, 48: 112–128CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  97. Zhang C L, Li Z X, Li X H, Yu H F, Ye H M. 2007b. An early Paleoproterozoic high–K intrusive complex in southwestern Tarim Block, NW China: Age, geochemistry, and tectonic implications. Gondwana Res, 12: 101–112CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  98. Zhang C L, Li Z X, Li X H, Ye H M. 2009. Neoproterozoic mafic dyke swarms at the northern margin of the Tarim Block, NW China: Age, geochemistry, petrogenesis and tectonic implications. J Asian Earth Sci, 35: 167–179CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  99. Zhang C L, Yang D S, Wang H Y, Dong Y G, Ye H M. 2010. Neoproterozoic mafic dykes and basalts in the southern margin of Tarim, Northwest China: Age, geochemistry and geodynamic implications. Acta Geol Sin–Engl Ed, 84: 549–562CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  100. Zhang C L, Ye X T, Zou H B, Chen X Y. 2016. Neoproterozoic sedimentary basin evolution in southwestern Tarim, NW China: New evidence from field observations, detrital zircon U–Pb ages and Hf isotope compositions. Precambrian Res, 280: 31–45CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  101. Zhang C L, Zhao Y, Guo K Y, Dong Y G, Wang A G. 2003. Geochemistry characteristics of the Proterozoic meta–basalt in Southern Tarim Plate: Evidence for the Mesoproterozoic breakup of Paleo–Tarim Plate (in Chinese). Earth Sci J China U Geosci, 28: 47–53Google Scholar
  102. Zhang C L, Zou H B, Wang H Y, Li H K, Ye H M. 2012a. Multiple phases of the Neoproterozoic igneous activity in Quruqtagh of the northeastern Tarim Block, NW China: Interaction between plate subduction and mantle plume? Precambrian Res, 222–223: 488–502Google Scholar
  103. Zhang J X, Gong J H, Yu S Y. 2012. c.1.85 Ga HP granulite–facies metamorphism in the Dunhuang block of the Tarim Craton, NW China: Evidence from U–Pb zircon dating of mafic granulites. J Geol Soc, 169: 511–514Google Scholar
  104. Zhang C L. Lu S N, Yu H F, Ye H M. 2007c. Tectonic evolution of the Western Kunlun orogenic belt in northern Qinghai–Tibet Plateau: Evidence from zircon SHRIMP and LA–ICP–MS U–Pb geochronology. Sci China Ser D–Earth Sci, 50: 825–835Google Scholar
  105. Zhang G Y, Liu W, Zhang L, Yu B S, Zhang B M, Wang L D. 2015. Cambrian–Ordovician prototypic basin, paleogeography and petroleum of Tarim Craton (in Chinese). Earth Sci Front, 22: 269–276Google Scholar
  106. Zhang J X, Li H K, Meng F C, Xiang Z Q, Yu S Y, Li J P. 2011. Polyphases tectonothermal events recorded in “metamorphic basement” from the Altyn Tagh, the southeastern margin of the Tarim basin, western China: Constraint from U–Pb zircon geochronology (in Chinese). Acta Petrol Sin, 27: 23–46Google Scholar
  107. Zhang J X, Mattinson C G, Meng F C, Wan Y S. 2005a. An Early Palaeozoic HP/HT granulite–garnet peridotite association in the south Altyn Tagh, NW China: PT history and U–Pb geochronology. J Metamorph Geol, 23: 491–510CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  108. Zhang J X, Meng F C, Yu S Y, Chen W, Chen S Y. 2007. 39Ar–40Ar geochronology of high–pressure/low–temperature blueschist and eclogite in the North Altyn Tagh and their tectonic implications (in Chinese). Geol China, 34: 558–564Google Scholar
  109. Zhang J X, Yang J S, Mattinson C G, Xu Z Q, Meng F C, Shi R D. 2005b. Two contrasting eclogite cooling histories, North Qaidam HP/UHP terrane, western China: Petrological and isotopic constraints. Lithos, 84: 51–76CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  110. Zhang J X, Yu S Y, Gong J H, Li H K, Hou K J. 2013. The latest Neoarchean–Paleoproterozoic evolution of the Dunhuang block, eastern Tarim craton, northwestern China: Evidence from zircon U–Pb dating and Hf isotopic analyses. Precambrian Res, 226: 21–42CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  111. Zhang J X, Yu S Y, Li Y S, Yu X X, Lin Y H, Mao X H. 2015. Subduction, accretion and closure of Proto–Tethyan Ocean: Early Paleozoic accretion/ collision orogeny in the Altun–Qilian–North Qaidam orogenic system (in Chinese). Acta Petrol Sin, 31: 3531–3554Google Scholar
  112. Zhang Y L, Wang Z Q, Yan Z, Wang T. 2013. Neoproterozoic volcanic rocks in the Southern Quruqtagh of Northwest China: Geochemistry, zircon geochronology and tectonic implications. Acta Geol Sin–Engl Ed, 87: 118–130CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  113. Zhang Z C, Kang J L, Kusky T, Santosh M, Huang H, Zhang D Y, Zhu J. 2012. Geochronology, geochemistry and petrogenesis of Neoproterozoic basalts from Sugetbrak, northwest Tarim block, China: Implications for the onset of Rodinia supercontinent breakup. Precambrian Res, 220–221: 158–176CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  114. Zhao G C, Cawood P A. 2012. Precambrian geology of China. Precambrian Res, 222–223: 13–54CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  115. Zhao G C, Cawood P A, Wilde S A, Sun M. 2002. Review of global 2.1–1.8 Ga orogens: Implications for a pre–Rodinia supercontinent. Earth–Sci Rev, 59: 125–162CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  116. Zhao G C, Sun M, Wilde S A, Li S Z. 2004. A Paleo–Mesoproterozoic supercontinent: Assembly, growth and breakup. Earth–Sci Rev, 67: 91–123CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  117. Zhao J M, Cheng H G, Pei S P, Liu H B, Zhang J S, Liu B F. 2008. Deep structure of north margin of Tarim Basin (in Chinese). Chinese Sci Bull, 53: 946–955Google Scholar
  118. Zheng B H, Zhu W B, Shu L S, Zhang Z Y, Yu J J, Huang W T. 2008. The protolith of the Aksu Precambrian blueschist and its tectonic setting (in Chinese). Acta Petrol Sin, 24: 2839–2848Google Scholar
  119. Zhou X B, Li J H, Wang H H, Li W S, Cheng Y L. 2015. The type of prototypic basin and tectonic setting of Tarim Basin formation from Nanhua to Sinian (in Chinese). Earth Sci Front, 22: 290–298Google Scholar
  120. Zhu W B, Ge R F, Shu L S Zheng B H. 2017. Tectonic–Magmatic Events and Crustal Evolution of Precambrian in the North Margin of Tarim Craton (in Chinese). Beijing: Science Press. 437Google Scholar
  121. Zhu W B, Zhang Z Z, Shu L S, Lu H F, Sun J B, Yang W. 2008. SHRIMP U–Pb zircon geochronology of Neoproterozoic Korla mafic dykes in the northern Tarim Block, NW China: Implications for the long–lasting breakup process of Rodinia. J Geol Soc, 165: 887–890CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  122. Zhu W B, Zheng B, Shu L, Ma D, Wu H, Li Y, Huang W, Yu J. 2011. Neoproterozoic tectonic evolution of the Precambrian Aksu blueschist terrane, northwestern Tarim, China: Insights from LA–ICP–MS zircon U–Pb ages and geochemical data. Precambrian Res, 185: 215–230CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  123. Zong W M, Gao L Z, Ding X Z, Pang W H. 2010. Characteristics of Nanhuan diamictite (tillite) and stratigraphic correlation in the southwestern margin of Tarim Basin (in Chinese). Geol China, 37: 1183–1190Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Science China Press and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bizhu He
    • 1
    Email author
  • Cunli Jiao
    • 2
  • Taizhu Huang
    • 3
  • Xingui Zhou
    • 4
  • Zhihui Cai
    • 1
  • Zicheng Cao
    • 3
  • Zhongzheng Jiang
    • 3
  • Junwen Cui
    • 1
  • Zhuoyin Yu
    • 1
  • Weiwei Chen
    • 1
  • Ruohan Liu
    • 1
  • Xiaorui Yun
    • 1
  • Guangming Hao
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of GeologyChinese Academy of Geological SciencesBeijingChina
  2. 2.Exploration and Production Research Institute of SINOPECBeijingChina
  3. 3.Institute of Northwestern Petroleum Subsidiary of SINOPECUrumqiChina
  4. 4.Oil and Gas Investigation Centre of China Geological SurveyBeijingChina

Personalised recommendations