Syn-tectonic sedimentation and its linkage to fold-thrusting in the region of Zhangjiakou, North Hebei, China

  • Shaofeng Liu
  • Chengfa Lin
  • Xiaobo Liu
  • Qitian Zhuang
Review Special Topic: Destruction of craton and subduction of western Pacific plate
  • 6 Downloads

Abstract

The timing of the “Yanshanian Movement” and the tectonic setting that controlled the Yanshan fold-and-thrust belt during Jurassic time in China are still matters of controversy. Sediments that filled the intramontane basins in the Yanshan belt perfectly record the history of “Yanshanian Movement” and the tectonic background of these basins. Recognizing syn-tectonic sedimentation, clarifying its relationship with structures, and accurately defining strata ages to build up a correct chronostratigraphic framework are the key points to further reveal the timing and kinematics of tectonic deformation in the Yanshan belt from the Jurassic to the Early Cretaceous. This paper applies both tectonic and sedimentary methods on the fold-and-thrust belt and intramontane basins in the Zhangjiakou area, which is located at the intersection between the western Yanshan and northern Taihangshan. Our work suggests that the pre-defined “Jurassic strata” should be re-dated and sub-divided into three strata units: a Late Triassic to Early Jurassic unit, a Middle Jurassic unit, and a Late Jurassic to early Early Cretaceous unit. Under the control of growth fold-and-thrust structures, five types of growth strata developed in different growth structures: fold-belt foredeep type, thrust-belt foredeep type, fault-propagation fold-thrust structure type, fault-bend fold-thrust structure type, and fault-bend foldthrust plus fault-propagation fold composite type. The reconstructed “source-to-sink” systems of Late Triassic to Early Jurassic, Middle Jurassic and Late Jurassic to early Early Cretaceous times, which are composed of a fold-and-thrust belt and flexure basins, imply that the “Yanshanian Movement” in our study area started in theMiddle Jurassic. During Middle Jurassic to early Early Cretaceous times, there have been at least three stages of fold-thrust events that developed “Laramide-type” basementinvolved fold-thrust structures and small-scale intramontane broken “axial basins”. The westward migration of a “pair” of basement-involved fold-thrust belt and flexure basins might have been controlled by flat subduction of the western Paleo-Pacific slab from the Jurassic to the Early Cretaceous.

Keywords

Yanshan-Taihangshan Fold-and-thrust belt Flexural basin Growth strata Source-to-sink system Thick-skinned fold-and-thrust belt 

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Notes

Acknowledgements

Thanks to Prof. Zhu Rixiang for inviting this manuscript, and to Prof. Yongfei Zheng and three reviewers for valuable advice. The work was supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 41572189 & 91114203), National Key R&D Plan (Grant No. 2017YFC0601405), and the Strategic Priority Research Program (B) of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (Grant No. XDB18000000).

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Copyright information

© Science China Press and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shaofeng Liu
    • 1
    • 2
  • Chengfa Lin
    • 1
    • 2
  • Xiaobo Liu
    • 1
    • 2
  • Qitian Zhuang
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.School of Earth Sciences and ResourcesChina University of Geosciences (Beijing)BeijingChina
  2. 2.Institute of GeomechanicsChinese Academy of Geological SciencesBeijingChina

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