Characterization of H3 methylation in regulating oocyte development in cyprinid fish
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Histone post-modifications are important epigenetic markers involved in multiple cellular processes via regulation of gene transcription or remodeling of chromatin structure. Oocyte development is a critical process under rigorous control to prevent the generation of aberrant gametes. However, the regulatory mechanism of oocyte early development is not well-understood due to the tiny size and poor distinguishability of the gonad in juvenile stages. Here, two cyprinid hybrid fishes, a sterile allotriploid fish and a gynogenetic hybrid fish with delayed oocyte development, provided research models to investigate the mechanisms involved. We used cytogenetic and molecular methods to confirm the pachytene arrest of oocytes in allotriploid fish and gynogenetic hybrid fish. On the basis of these developmental differences, we screened 21 different histone H3 modifications by ELISA and found that four modifications (H3K4me3, H3K9me3, H3K79me, and H3K79me3) differed significantly in the two cyprinid hybrid fishes. Changes in histone methylation at the three residues (H3K4, K9, K79) were caused by specific methyltransferases and demethylases. Our results provide new insights into the epigenetic regulation of oocyte early development in fish, a process critical for understanding of reproductive biology and with practical applications in the aquacultural breeding industry.
Keywordshistone methylation oocyte development sterility allotriploid fish
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This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (31402297, 31730098), the earmarked fund for China Agriculture Research System (CARS-45), the Natural Science Foundation of Hunan Province (2018JJ3338).
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