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Science China Chemistry

, Volume 61, Issue 12, pp 1553–1567 | Cite as

Biomineralized polymer matrix composites for bone tissue repair: a review

  • Lin Zhong
  • Ying Qu
  • Kun Shi
  • Bingyang Chu
  • Minyi Lei
  • Kangkang Huang
  • Yingchun GuEmail author
  • Zhiyong QianEmail author
Review
  • 33 Downloads

Abstract

Bone defects caused by trauma, infection or bone tumor resection, are highly prevalent. A small number (5%–10%) of these injuries fail to heal due to non-union and require surgical intervention. Currently, the principal treatment options for these defects are autografts, allografts, xenografts or synthetic grafts. The main problems associated with these therapies include pain, infection and donor site morbidity. Bone tissue engineering is a diverse field that focuses on the regeneration of bone by combining cells, scaffolds, growth factors and dynamic forces. There have been many recent studies utilizing biomineralized polymer matrix composites which mimic the natural structure of bone. The principal focus of this review is on recent advances in the synthesis of various types of biomineralized polymer matrix composite. Examples of the biomineralization of naturallyderived and synthetic polymers widely used for bone engineering are also summarized.

Keywords

bomineralization natural-based materials synthetic polymers bone engineering 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by the National Key Research and Development Program of China (2017YFC1103500, 2017YFC1103502), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (31525009), Sichuan Innovative Research Team Program for Young Scientists (2016TD0004), Distinguished Young Scholars of Sichuan University (2011SCU04B18), and Sichuan Science and Technology Project (2017GZ0429).

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Copyright information

© Science China Press and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lin Zhong
    • 1
  • Ying Qu
    • 1
  • Kun Shi
    • 1
  • Bingyang Chu
    • 1
  • Minyi Lei
    • 1
  • Kangkang Huang
    • 1
  • Yingchun Gu
    • 2
    Email author
  • Zhiyong Qian
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Biotherapy and Cancer Center, West China Hospital, West China Medical SchoolSichuan UniversityChengduChina
  2. 2.Department of Textile Engineering, College of Light Industry & Textile & Food EngineeringSichuan UniversityChengdu, SichuanChina

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