Science China Chemistry

, Volume 61, Issue 12, pp 1581–1586 | Cite as

X-ray scintillation in lead-free double perovskite crystals

  • Qingsong Hu
  • Zhenzhou Deng
  • Manchen Hu
  • Anjiang Zhao
  • Yaqi Zhang
  • Zhifang Tan
  • Guangda NiuEmail author
  • Haodi Wu
  • Jiang TangEmail author


Metal halide perovskites have shown great performance for various applications, including solar cells, light emitting diodes, and radiation detectors, but they still suffer from the toxicity of lead and instability. Here we report the use of lanthanide series as trivalent metals to obtain low toxicity and highly stable double perovskites (Cs2NaLnCl6, Ln=Tb or Eu) with high scintillation light yield. The crystals exhibit typical f-f transitions of lanthanide cations, while Cs2NaTbCl6 exhibits strong green photoluminescence, and Cs2NaEuCl6 exhibits red photoluminescence. Under X-ray radiations, the light yield of Cs2NaTbCl6 reaches 46600 photons MeV−1, much higher than that of the commercially used (Lu,Y)2SiO5:Ce3+ crystals (LYSO, 28500 photons MeV−1), and previously reported lead-based perovskites (14000 photons MeV−1). As a new member of lead-free perovskites, lanthanide-based double perovskites open up a new route toward radiation detections and potential medical imaging.


low toxic scintillation light yield lanthanide double perovskites 



This work was supported by the Major State Basic Research Development Program of China (2016YFB0700702), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (5171101030, 51602114), the HUST Key Innovation Team for Interdisciplinary Promotion (2016JCTD111) and the Open Fund of State Key Laboratory of Luminescence and Applications (SKLA-2016-08). The authors thank the Analytical and Testing Center of HUST and the facility support of the Center for Nanoscale Characterization and Devices, WNLO.

Supplementary material

11426_2018_9308_MOESM1_ESM.docx (591 kb)
X-ray scintillation in lead-free double perovskite crystals


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Copyright information

© Science China Press and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Qingsong Hu
    • 1
  • Zhenzhou Deng
    • 2
  • Manchen Hu
    • 3
  • Anjiang Zhao
    • 4
  • Yaqi Zhang
    • 5
  • Zhifang Tan
    • 1
  • Guangda Niu
    • 1
    Email author
  • Haodi Wu
    • 1
  • Jiang Tang
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Wuhan National Laboratory for Optoelectronics (WNLO)Huazhong University of Science and Technology (HUST)WuhanChina
  2. 2.School of Information EngineeringNanchang UniversityNanchangChina
  3. 3.School of Optical and Electronic InformationHuazhong University of Science and Technology (HUST)WuhanChina
  4. 4.College of Life Science and TechnologyHuazhong University of Science and Technology (HUST)WuhanChina
  5. 5.College of PhysicsHuazhong University of Science and Technology (HUST)WuhanChina

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