This large-scale study used the extended technology acceptance model to examine the different factors influencing Chinese university students’ intentions to use the Internet-based technology with a learning focus. Specifically, the subject norm was conceptualised as a three-dimensional construct consisting of teacher influence, peer influence and institutional support. The data were collected from 4561 university students from 16 universities in China. The results indicated that 64% of the variance in Chinese university students’ behavioural intentions were explained by their perceptions of ease of use and that the subjective norm significantly influenced their perceptions of the usefulness of the Internet-based technology with a learning focus. Perceived usefulness, perceived ease of use and the subjective norm significantly influenced students’ attitudes towards using the Internet-based technology with a learning focus. In addition, Chinese university students’ intentions to use the Internet-based technology with a learning focus were significantly influenced by attitude, perceived usefulness and the subjective norm. This study identified both theoretical and practical explanations for these relationships.
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This research was funded by University of Macau (Project Number: MYRG2015-00022-FED).
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The authors have declared that they have no conflict of interest.
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Perceived usefulness (PU) (adapted from Davis 1989)
Using the Internet (Baidu, Google, learning platform) enables me to finish my homework more quickly
Using the Internet (Baidu, Google, learning platform) improves my performance
Using the Internet (Baidu, Google, learning platform) increases my productivity
Using the Internet (Baidu, Google, learning platform) enhances my effectiveness
The Internet (Baidu, Google, learning platform) is useful for my education
Perceived ease of use (PEU) (adapted from Davis 1989)
I can use the Internet (Baidu, Google, learning platform) to learn easily
I can learn to use the new Internet (Baidu, Google, learning platform) easily
Learning to use the Internet (Baidu, Google, learning platform) is easy for me
I find it easy to use the Internet (Baidu, Google, learning platform) to do what I want
It is easy for me to become skilful at using the Internet (Baidu, Google, learning platform)
I find the Internet (Baidu, Google, learning platform) easy to use
Attitude towards using (ATU) (adapted from Davis 1989)
I like learning with the Internet (Baidu, Google, learning platform)
I have positive feelings towards using the Internet (Baidu, Google, learning platform) to learn
I think it is a good idea to use the Internet (Baidu, Google, learning platform) to learn
Behavioural intention to use the Internet for learning (BI) (adapted from Davis 1989)
I intend to learn using the Internet (Baidu, Google, learning platform) in the future
I expect that I will use the Internet (Baidu, Google, learning platform) to learn in the future
I plan to use the Internet (Baidu, Google, learning platform) to learn in the future
Instructor influence (II) [adapted from Lai and Chen 2011)]
My instructor thinks that the Internet (Baidu, Google, learning platform) is valuable for learning
My instructor’s opinions are important to me
If my instructor started to use the Internet (Baidu, Google, learning platform) to support his/her teaching, I would be encouraged to use the Internet (Baidu, Google, learning platform) for learning
Peer influence (PI) (adapted from Lai and Chen 2011)
My classmates think that using the Internet (Baidu, Google, learning platform) is valuable for learning
My classmates’ opinions are important to me
If most of my classmates started to use the Internet (Baidu, Google, learning platform) to support their learning, this would encourage me to do the same
Institutional support (IS) (adapted from Lai and Chen 2011)
My school is committed to a vision of using the Internet (Baidu, Google, learning platform) for learning
My school is committed to supporting my efforts to use the Internet (Baidu, Google, learning platform) for learning
My school strongly encourages the use of the Internet (Baidu, Google, learning platform) for learning
My school will recognise my efforts to use the Internet (Baidu, Google, learning platform) for learning
The use of the Internet (Baidu, Google, learning platform) for learning is important to my school
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Huang, F., Teo, T. & Zhou, M. Chinese students’ intentions to use the Internet-based technology for learning. Education Tech Research Dev 68, 575–591 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11423-019-09695-y
- Intentions to use
- Subjective norm
- University students