Educational Technology Research and Development

, Volume 67, Issue 6, pp 1593–1611 | Cite as

How to promote Chinese primary and secondary school teachers to use ICT to develop high-quality teaching activities

  • Min Chen
  • Chi Zhou
  • Caiyun Meng
  • Di WuEmail author
Cultural and Regional Perspectives


In China, teachers’ ability to adopt information and communication technology (ICT) when teaching is far from satisfying. Previous studies on teachers’ ability to integrate ICT and teaching in China ignored the factors in the process of teachers’ ICT application and lacked the systematic analysis of the factors. ICT application is affected by complex factors and thus needs to be systematically explored. This study surveyed 3730 Chinese primary and secondary school teachers, and adopted the environment-based design, exploratory factor analysis, confirmatory factor analysis, and structural equation modeling to analyze the factors influencing teachers’ usage of ICT to develop teaching activities and proposed a model of the influencing factors of ICT usage. This model indicated that application willingness, application frequency, ICT-based teaching competence, helpfulness degree and application context are the five major factors that influence teachers’ usage of ICT to develop high-quality teaching activities. According to the status of teachers’ ICT application in China, this study suggested strengthening teachers’ willingness and enriching application contexts of ICT. Implications of this study will be discussed.


Influencing factors ICT application Teacher development Teaching activities Environment-based design 



This study is funded by the Humanities and Social Science’ Foundation of the Ministry of Education of China (Project name: Research on a context-integrated polymorphic ubiquitous learning resource aggregation model, Project No.: 18YJC880005). We would also like to thank all the teachers who participated in this investigation.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants are in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Informed consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.


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Copyright information

© Association for Educational Communications and Technology 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.National Engineering Research Center for E-learningCentral China Normal UniversityWuhanChina

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