Chemical constituents from Ginkgo biloba leaves and their cytotoxicity activity

  • Penghua ShuEmail author
  • Mengyuan Sun
  • Junping Li
  • Lingxiang Zhang
  • Haichang Xu
  • Yueyue Lou
  • Zhiyu Ju
  • Xialan Wei
  • Wenming Wu
  • Na SunEmail author


One novel neoligan glucoside, Ginkgoside B (1), and one new glucose ester, 6-O-(4-hydroxyhydrocinnamoyl)-d-glucopyranose (2), along with nine known compounds (311) were isolated from the ethanol extract of Ginkgo biloba leaves. Their structures were elucidated by combination of spectroscopic analyses and alkaline methanolysis. The absolute configuration of compound 1 was determined by single-crystal X-ray diffraction. All the isolated compounds were evaluated for their cytotoxicity activities, and compound 11 exhibited IC50 values of 36.20 and 58.95 μM against 5637 and HeLa cell lines, respectively.


Ginkgo biloba Alkaline methanolysis X-ray diffraction Cytotoxicity 



We are grateful to Lanxiang Dai for the collection of Ginkgo biloba leaves and Prof. Lin Yang at Lanzhou University of Technology for the authentication of the plant material. This work was financially supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 21702178), Key Scientific Research Program in Universities of Henan Province (No. 18A350010), Science and Technology Project of Henan Province (No. 182102311108), and Excellent Young Key Teacher Funding Project of Xuchang University (No. 2017).

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Copyright information

© The Japanese Society of Pharmacognosy 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Chemistry and Chemical EngineeringXuchang UniversityXuchangPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.School of Information EngineeringXuchang UniversityXuchangPeople’s Republic of China
  3. 3.Department of PharmacyJiangxi Provincial People’s HospitalNanchangPeople’s Republic of China

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