Journal of Natural Medicines

, Volume 72, Issue 3, pp 793–797 | Cite as

Quantification of terpene trilactones in Ginkgo biloba with a 1H NMR method

  • Tingfu Liang
  • Takuya Miyakawa
  • Jinwei YangEmail author
  • Tsutomu Ishikawa
  • Masaru Tanokura


Ginkgo biloba L. has been used as a herbal medicine in the traditional treatment of insufficient blood flow, memory deficits, and cerebral insufficiency. The terpene trilactone components, the bioactive agents of Ginkgo biloba L., have also been reported to exhibit useful functionality such as anti-inflammatory and neuroprotective effects. Therefore, in the present research, we attempted to analyze quantitatively the terpene trilactone components in Ginkgo biloba leaf extract, with quantitative 1H NMR (qNMR) and obtained almost identical results to data reported using HPLC. Application of the qNMR method for the analysis of the terpene trilactone contents in commercial Ginkgo extract products, such as soft gel capsules and tablets, produced the same levels noted in package labels. Thus, qNMR is an alternative method for quantification of the terpene trilactone components in commercial Ginkgo extract products.


Ginkgo biloba NMR Quantification Soft gel capsule Terpene trilactone 


Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© The Japanese Society of Pharmacognosy and Springer Japan KK, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tingfu Liang
    • 1
  • Takuya Miyakawa
    • 2
  • Jinwei Yang
    • 1
    Email author
  • Tsutomu Ishikawa
    • 1
  • Masaru Tanokura
    • 2
  1. 1.Tokiwa Phytochemical Co. LtdSakuraJapan
  2. 2.Department of Applied Biological Chemistry, Graduate School of Agricultural and Life SciencesThe University of TokyoTokyoJapan

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