Journal of Natural Medicines

, Volume 73, Issue 2, pp 388–396 | Cite as

Andrographolide impairs alpha-naphthylisothiocyanate-induced cholestatic liver injury in vivo

  • Lei Wang
  • Fei Cao
  • Li-li Zhu
  • Peng Liu
  • Yu-ru Shang
  • Wen-hui Liu
  • Xin Dong
  • Hai-dong Bao
  • Peng GongEmail author
  • Zhong-yu WangEmail author
Original Paper


To investigate if andrographolide impairs cholestatic liver injury. All rats were randomly divided into six groups—(1) control (n = 6), (2) control + 200 mg/kg andrographolide (n = 6), (3) alpha-naphthylisothiocyanate (ANIT)-control (n = 6), (4) ANIT + 50 mg/kg andrographolide (n = 6), (5) ANIT + 100 mg/kg andrographolide (n = 6), and (6) ANIT + 200 mg/kg andrographolide (n = 6). We gavaged 50 mg/kg ANIT to mimic cholestatic liver injury in rats. Seven days after treatment, all the rats were killed. Serum biochemistry and hepatic histopathological assays were performed to evaluate liver injury. We observed that 200 mg/kg andrographolide significantly decreased the level of alanine transaminase, aspartate aminotransferase, alkaline phosphatase, γ-glutamyltranspeptidase, total bilirubin, and total bile acid in the blood. It also markedly decreased hepatic interleukin-6 and tumor necrosis factor α. Furthermore, 200 mg/kg andrographolide significantly decreased malondialdehyde but increased superoxide dismutase, glutathione, and erythrocyte glutathione peroxidase. Moreover, 200 mg/kg andrographolide effectively increased the accumulation of sirtuin 1 and nuclear erythroid 2-related factor-2. It also attenuated the level of nuclear factor kappa-light-chain-enhancer of activated B and cyclooxygenase-2. These data suggest that andrographolide may impair cholestatic liver injury via anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidative stress.


Andrographolide Cholestatic liver injury Inflammation Oxidative stress 



This study was partly supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (no. 81473504) and the China Scholarship Council (no. 201708080032).

Author contributions

PG and ZW carried out the research; LW, FC, LZ, PL and WL provided Figs. 1, 2 and 4; XD and YS provided Fig. 3; HB was responsible for the reagents and animals; LW and FC wrote the paper. All of the authors listed have revised and approved the manuscript.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that there is no conflict of interest regarding the publication of this paper.


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Copyright information

© The Japanese Society of Pharmacognosy and Springer Japan KK, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lei Wang
    • 1
  • Fei Cao
    • 2
  • Li-li Zhu
    • 3
  • Peng Liu
    • 2
  • Yu-ru Shang
    • 2
  • Wen-hui Liu
    • 2
  • Xin Dong
    • 2
  • Hai-dong Bao
    • 4
  • Peng Gong
    • 5
    Email author
  • Zhong-yu Wang
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of AnesthesiologyThe First Affiliated Hospital of Dalian Medical UniversityDalianChina
  2. 2.Department of Hepatobiliary SurgeryThe First Affiliated Hospital of Dalian Medical UniversityDalianChina
  3. 3.Department of Gynaecology and ObstetricsThe First Affiliated Hospital of Dalian Medical UniversityDalianChina
  4. 4.Department of Gastrointestinal EndoscopyThe First Affiliated Hospital of Dalian Medical UniversityDalianChina
  5. 5.Department of General SurgeryThe Shenzhen University General Hospital and Shenzhen University School of MedicineShenzhenChina

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