Biharmonic Maps from Tori into a 2-Sphere
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Biharmonic maps are generalizations of harmonic maps. A well-known result on harmonic maps between surfaces shows that there exists no harmonic map from a torus into a sphere (whatever the metrics chosen) in the homotopy class of maps of Brower degree ±1. It would be interesting to know if there exists any biharmonic map in that homotopy class of maps. The authors obtain some classifications on biharmonic maps from a torus into a sphere, where the torus is provided with a flat or a class of non-flat metrics whilst the sphere is provided with the standard metric. The results in this paper show that there exists no proper biharmonic maps of degree ±1 in a large family of maps from a torus into a sphere.
KeywordsBiharmonic maps Biharmonic tori Harmonic maps Gauss maps Maps into a sphere
2000 MR Subject Classification58E20 53C12
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