Advertisement

Journal of Soils and Sediments

, Volume 20, Issue 1, pp 513–523 | Cite as

Organic phosphorus mineralization characteristics in sediments from the coastal salt marshes of a Chinese delta under simulated tidal cycles

  • Junhong BaiEmail author
  • Lu Yu
  • Xiaofei Ye
  • Zibo Yu
  • Yanan Guan
  • Xiaowen Li
  • Baoshan Cui
  • Xinhui Liu
Sediments, Sec 2 • Physical and Biogeochemical Processes • Research Article
  • 77 Downloads

Abstract

Purpose

Sediment organic phosphorus (OP) mineralization plays an important role in phosphorus cycling in coastal salt marshes. However, information on OP mineralization characteristics in sediments under tidal cycles is limited.

Materials and methods

Sediment cores were collected from salt marshes which were exposed to tidal cycles. A laboratory manipulation experiment was conducted under simulated tidal flooding cycles. After the completion of each incubation experiment, the inorganic phosphorus (IP) and OP fractions were analyzed and net phosphorus mineralization rates were calculated to investigate the sediment OP mineralization process. Sediment microbial characteristic and chemical properties were determined to identify factors that affect the mineralization of OP in the Yellow River Delta.

Results and discussion

During the first 2 days of incubation, the tidal cycles significantly increased the microbial biomass in the sediments, which accelerated the assimilation of IP by microorganisms and the transformation of IP into OP in their bodies, thereby causing a significant increase in OP in the sediments. After 2 days of incubation, the mineralization and immobilization of OP entered the adaptation stage and gradually reached the dynamic balance of various phosphorus fractions in sediments. The path analysis showed that microbial biomass phosphorus and carbon (MBP and MBC) and the activity of alkaline phosphatase (AKP) are the direct factors influencing OP mineralization in sediments. The indirect effects of soil organic matter (SOM), water content (WC), exchangeable aluminum (Al0), and exchangeable iron (Fe0) on net phosphorus mineralization rate were relatively high.

Conclusions

In the laboratory experiments, we showed that the recovery of tidal cycles caused a fluctuation in OP mineralization and immobilization in sediments, which reached equilibrium over time. The tidal effect was conducive to maintaining the stability of phosphorus in sediments of coastal salt marshes. The findings of this study can contribute to protecting water quality and improving primary productivity in coastal salt marshes by regulating the tidal cycles and the key environmental factors (e.g., SOM, WC, Al0, and Fe0) influencing OP mineralization.

Keywords

Inorganic phosphorus fractions Net phosphorus mineralization Organic phosphorus fractions Salt marshes Tidal flooding 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors acknowledge all colleagues for their contributions to the fieldwork.

Funding information

This study was financially supported by the National Key R & D Program of China (no.2017YFC0505906), the National Natural Science Foundation (no. 51639001), the National Science Foundation for Innovative Research (no. 51721093), the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities, and the Interdiscipline Research Funds of Beijing Normal University.

Supplementary material

11368_2019_2404_MOESM1_ESM.docx (140 kb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 139 kb)

References

  1. Amiri SS, Mottahedi M, Asadi S (2015) Using multiple regression analysis to develop energy consumption indicators for commercial buildings in the U.S. Energ Buildings 109:209–216Google Scholar
  2. Bai JH, Wang JJ, Yan DH, Gao HF, Xiao R, Shao HB, Ding QY (2012) Spatial and temporal distributions of soil organic carbon and total nitrogen in two marsh wetlands with different flooding frequencies of the Yellow River Delta, China. Clean-Soil Air Water 40:1137–1144Google Scholar
  3. Bai JH, Ye XF, Jia JJ, Zhang GL, Zhao QQ, Cui BS, Liu XH (2017) Phosphorus sorption-desorption and effects of temperature, pH and salinity on phosphorus sorption in marsh soils from coastal wetlands with different flooding conditions. Chemosphere 188:677–688Google Scholar
  4. Bai JH, Zhao QQ, Lu QQ, Wang JJ, Reddy KR (2015) Effects of freshwater input on trace element pollution in salt marsh soils of a typical coastal estuary, China. J Hydrol Hydromech 520:186–192Google Scholar
  5. Berger TW, Neubauer C, Glatzel G (2002) Factors controlling soil carbon and nitrogen stores in pure stands of Norway spruce (Picea abies) and mixed species stands in Austria. Forest Ecol Manag 159:3–14Google Scholar
  6. Blackwell MSA, Brookes PC, de la Fuente-Martinez N, Gordon H, Murray PJ, Snars KE, Williams JK, Bol R, Haygarth PM (2010) Chapter 1-phosphorus solubilization and potential transfer to surface waters from the soil microbial biomass following drying–rewetting and freezing–thawing. In: Sparks DL (ed) advances in agronomy. Academic press, pp 1-35Google Scholar
  7. Bonkowski M (2004) Protozoa and plant growth: the microbial loop in soil revisited. New Phytol 162:617–631Google Scholar
  8. Bowman RA, Cole CV (1978) An exploratory method for fractionation of organic phosphorus from grassland soils. Soil Sci 125(2):95–101.  https://doi.org/10.1097/00010694-197802000-00006 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Brookes PC, Kragt JF, Powlson DS, Jenkinson DS (1985) Chloroform fumigation and the release of soil nitrogen: the effects of fumigation time and temperature. Soil Biol Biochem 17:831–835Google Scholar
  10. Bünemann EK (2015) Assessment of gross and net mineralization rates of soil organic phosphorus-a review. Soil Biol Biochem 89:82–98Google Scholar
  11. Chen MS, Ding SM, Chen X, Sun Q, Fan XF, Lin J, Ren MY, Yang LY, Zhang CS (2018) Mechanisms driving phosphorus release during algal blooms based on hourly changes in iron and phosphorus concentrations in sediments. Water Res 133:153–164Google Scholar
  12. Darilek JL (2010) Effect of land use conversion from rice paddies to vegetable fields on soil phosphorus fractions. Pedosphere 20:137–145Google Scholar
  13. Dick WA, Cheng L, Wang P (2000) Soil acid and alkaline phosphatase activity as pH adjustment indicators. Soil Biol Biochem 32:1915–1919Google Scholar
  14. Ding SM, Chen MS, Gong MD, Fan XF, Qin BQ, Xu H, Gao SS, Jin ZF, Tsang DCW, Zhang CS (2018) Internal phosphorus loading from sediments causes seasonal nitrogen limitation for harmful algal blooms. Sci Total Environ 625:872–884Google Scholar
  15. Engelhardt IC, Welty A, Blazewicz SJ, Bru D, Rouard N, Breuil M, Gessler A, Galiano L, Miranda JC, Spor A, Barnard RL (2018) Depth matters: effects of precipitation regime on soil microbial activity upon rewetting of a plant-soil system. ISME J 12:1061–1071Google Scholar
  16. Fellman JB, Amore DV (2007) Nitrogen and phosphorus mineralization in three wetland types in Southeast Alaska, USA. Wetlands 27:44–53Google Scholar
  17. Frostegård A, Bååth E (1996) The use of phospholipid fatty acid analysis to estimate bacterial and fungal biomass in soil. Biol Fertil Soils 22:59–65Google Scholar
  18. Gao G, Zhu GW, Qin BQ, Chen J, Wang K (2006) Alkaline phosphatase activity and the phosphorus mineralization rate of Lake Taihu. Science in China Series D 49:176–185Google Scholar
  19. Ge CZ, Chai YC, Wang HQ, Kan MM (2017) Ocean acidification: one potential driver of phosphorus eutrophication. Mar Pollut Bull 115:149–153Google Scholar
  20. Horwath WR (2016) The role of the soil microbial biomass in cycling nutrients. World scientific (Europe), pp 41-66Google Scholar
  21. Ito T, Yokota T, Saigusa M (2009) Measurement of organic phosphorus mineralization in non-allophanic andosols using anion exchange resin. JIFS 6:109–115Google Scholar
  22. Ivanoff D, Reddy K, Robinson S (1998) Chemical fractionation of organic phosphorus in selected histosols. Soil Sci 163:36–45Google Scholar
  23. Jiang JM, Zhao H, Shen MN, Ding PX, Yin GY, Zhao D, Li H (2011) Distribution and impact factor of alkaline phosphatase activity in the intertidal surface sediments of the Yangtze. Estuary 31:2233–2239Google Scholar
  24. Jiang Y, Zhang YG, Wen DZ, Liang WJ (2003) Spatial heterogeneity of exchangeable iron content in cultivated soils of Shenyang suburbs. J Soil Water Conserv 1:119–121Google Scholar
  25. Jin XC, Wang SR, Chu JZ, Wu FC (2008) Organic phosphorus in shallow lake sediments in middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River area in China. Pedosphere 18:394–400Google Scholar
  26. Jin ZF, Ding SM, Sun Q, Gao SS, Fu Z, Gong MD, Lin J, Wang D, Wang Y (2019) High resolution spatiotemporal sampling as a tool for comprehensive assessment of zinc mobility and pollution in sediments of a eutrophic lake. J Hazard Mater 364:182–191Google Scholar
  27. Kang XM, Song JM, Yuan HM, Shi X, Yang WF, Li XG, Li N, Duan LQ (2017) Phosphorus speciation and its bioavailability in sediments of the Jiaozhou Bay. Estuar Coast Shelf S 188:127–136Google Scholar
  28. Khadem A, Raiesi F (2019) Response of soil alkaline phosphatase to biochar amendments: changes in kinetic and thermodynamic characteristics. Geoderma 337:44–54Google Scholar
  29. Kong DX, Miao CY, Borthwick AGL, Duan QY, Liu H, Sun QH, Ye AZ, Di ZH, Gong W (2015) Evolution of the Yellow River Delta and its relationship with runoff and sediment load from 1983 to 2011. J Hydrol 520:157–167Google Scholar
  30. Labry C, Delmas D, Youenou A, Quere J, Leynaert A, Fraisse S, Raimonet M, Ragueneau O (2016) High alkaline phosphatase activity in phosphate replete waters: the case of two macrotidal estuaries. Limnol Oceanogr 61:1513–1529Google Scholar
  31. Leite MVM, Bobuľská L, Espíndola SP, Campos MRC, Azevedo LCB, Ferreira AS (2018) Modeling of soil phosphatase activity in land use ecosystems and topsoil layers in the Brazilian Cerrado. Ecol Model 385:182–188Google Scholar
  32. Li J, Zhang WQ, Jin X, Bi JL, Yuan S, Shan BQ (2015) Detection of phosphorus components in the soils of coastal wetlands surrounding Bohai Sea. Acta Sci Circumst 15:1143–1151Google Scholar
  33. Luo XX, Liu GC, Xia Y, Chen L, Jiang ZX, Zheng H, Wang ZY (2017) Use of biochar-compost to improve properties and productivity of the degraded coastal soil in the Yellow River Delta, China. J Soils Sediments 17:780–789Google Scholar
  34. Lü CW, He J, Wang B (2018) Spatial and historical distribution of organic phosphorus driven by environment conditions in lake sediments. J Environ Sci-China 64:32–41Google Scholar
  35. MacDonnell CP, Zhang L, Griffiths L, Mitsch WJ (2017) Nutrient concentrations in tidal creeks as indicators of the water quality role of mangrove wetlands in Southwest Florida. Ecol Indic 80:316–326Google Scholar
  36. Maharjan M, Maranguit D, Kuzyakov Y (2018) Phosphorus fractions in subtropical soils depending on land use. Eur J Soil Biol 87:17–24Google Scholar
  37. Mankolo RN (2008) Seasonal changes in phosphorus and phosphatase compositions in soils enriched with poultry litter. J Food Agric Environ 6:415–420Google Scholar
  38. Megonigal JP, Neubauer SC (2019) Chapter 19 - biogeochemistry of tidal freshwater wetlands. In: Wolanski E, Cahoon DR, Hopkinson CS (eds) Perillo GME. Elsevier, Coastal Wetlands, pp 641–683Google Scholar
  39. McGill WB, Cole CV (1981) Comparative aspects of cycling of organic C, N, S and P through soil organic matter. Geoderma 26:267–286Google Scholar
  40. Negassa W, Leinweber P (2009) How does the Hedley sequential phosphorus fractionation reflect impacts of land use and management on soil phosphorus: a review. J Plant Nutr Soil Sc 172:305–325Google Scholar
  41. Noe GB, Krauss KW, Lockaby BG, Conner WH, Hupp CR (2013) The effect of increasing salinity and forest mortality on soil nitrogen and phosphorus mineralization in tidal freshwater forested wetlands. Biogeochemistry 114:225–244Google Scholar
  42. Oberson A, Joner EJ (2005) Microbial turnover of phosphorus in soil. In: Turner BL, Frossard E, Baldwin DS (eds) CABI publishing, pp 164Google Scholar
  43. Olsen SR, Sommers LE (1982) Phosphorus, methods of soil analysis. ASA and SSSA, Madison, pp 416–418Google Scholar
  44. Qiu Y (2012) Study on mechanisms of in-situ organic phosphorus control by zeolite in shallow lake sediments. Changsha University of Science & Technology, ChangshaGoogle Scholar
  45. Quiquampoix H, Mousain D (2005) Enzymatic hydrolysis of organic phosphorus. In: Benjamin LT, Emmanuel F, Darren SB (eds) Organic phosphorus in the environment. CABI, Wallingford, pp 89–112Google Scholar
  46. Richardson AE, Simpson RJ (2011) Soil microorganisms mediating phosphorus availability update on microbial phosphorus. Plant Physiol 156:989–996Google Scholar
  47. Rui YC, Wang YF, Chen CG, Zhou XQ, Wang SP, Xu ZH, Duan JC, Kang XM, Lu SB, Luo CY (2012) Warming and grazing increase mineralization of organic P in an alpine meadow ecosystem of Qinghai-Tibet plateau, China. Plant Soil 357:73–87Google Scholar
  48. Rzepecki M (2012) Dynamics of phosphorus in lacustrine sediments: the process of uptake/release of dissolved reactive phosphorus by sediments in different habitats and lakes. Pol J Ecol 60:717–740Google Scholar
  49. Saunders WMH, Williams EG (1955) Observations on the determination of total organic phosphorus in soils. J Soil Sci 6:254–267Google Scholar
  50. Sharpley AN, Smith SJ (1985) Fractionation of inorganic and organic phosphorus in virgin and cultivated soils. Soil Sci Soc Am J 49:127–130Google Scholar
  51. Singh K, Trivedi P, Singh G, Singh B, Patra DD (2016) Effect of different leaf litters on carbon, nitrogen and microbial activities of sodic soils. Land Degrad Dev 27:1215–1226Google Scholar
  52. Spohn M, Kuzyakov Y (2013) Phosphorus mineralization can be driven by microbial need for carbon. Soil Biol Biochem 61:69–75Google Scholar
  53. Stagg CL, Baustian MM, Perry CL, Carruthers TJB, Hall CT (2017) Direct and indirect controls on organic matter decomposition in four coastal wetland communities along a landscape salinity gradient. J Ecol 106:655–670Google Scholar
  54. Sun GF, Jin JY, Shi YL (2011) Research advance on soil phosphorous forms and their availability to crops in soil. Soil Fertil Sci China 2:1–9Google Scholar
  55. Teng ZD, Zhu YY, Li M, Whelan MJ (2018) Microbial community composition and activity controls phosphorus transformation in rhizosphere soils of the Yeyahu wetland in Beijing, China. Sci Total Environ 628-629:1266–1277Google Scholar
  56. Turner BL, Cheesman AW, Condron LM, Reitzel K, Richardson AE (2015) Introduction to the special issue: developments in soil organic phosphorus cycling in natural and agricultural ecosystems. Geoderma 257-258:1–3Google Scholar
  57. Vance ED, Brookes PC, Jenkinson DS (1987) An extraction method for measuring soil microbial biomass C. Soil Biol Biochem 19:703–707Google Scholar
  58. Wang JP, Wu YH, Zhou J, Bing HJ, Sun HY (2016) Carbon demand drives microbial mineralization of organic phosphorus during the early stage of soil development. Biol Fertil Soils 52:825–839Google Scholar
  59. Wang LL, Ye M, Li QS, Zou H, Zhou YS (2013a) Phosphorus speciation in wetland sediments of Zhujiang (pearl) river estuary, China. Chin Geogr Sci 23:574–583Google Scholar
  60. Wang YB, Qiao J, He CG, Wang ZQ, Luo WB, Sheng LX (2015) Towards multi-level biomonitoring of nematodes to assess risk of nitrogen and phosphorus pollution in Jinchuan wetland of Northeast China. Ecotoxicology 24:2190–2199Google Scholar
  61. Wang YG, Zhu H, Li Y (2013b) Spatial heterogeneity of soil moisture, microbial biomass carbon and soil respiration at stand scale of an arid scrubland. Environ Earth Sci 70:3217–3224Google Scholar
  62. Wei XM, Hu YJ, Razavi BS, Zhou J, Shen JL, Nannipieri P, Wu JS, Ge TD (2019) Rare taxa of alkaline phosphomonoesterase-harboring microorganisms mediate soil phosphorus mineralization. Soil Biol Biochem 131:62–70Google Scholar
  63. Więski K, Guo H, Craft CB, Pennings SC (2010) Ecosystem functions of tidal fresh, brackish, and salt marshes on the Georgia coast. Estuar Coasts 33:161–169Google Scholar
  64. Wu JS (2006) Method and application of soil microbiological biomass. China Meteorological PressGoogle Scholar
  65. Wyngaard N, Cabrera ML, Jarosch KA, Bünemann EK (2016) Phosphorus in the coarse soil fraction is related to soil organic phosphorus mineralization measured by isotopic dilution. Soil Biol Biochem 96:107–118Google Scholar
  66. Yang B, Liu SM, Wu Y, Zhang J (2016) Phosphorus speciation and availability in sediments off the eastern coast of Hainan Island, South China Sea. Cont Shelf Res 118:111–127Google Scholar
  67. Yu J, Liang WY, Wang L, Li FZ, Zou YL, Wang HD (2015) Phosphate removal from domestic wastewater using thermally modified steel slag. J Environ Sci-China 31:81–88Google Scholar
  68. Zhang GL, Bai JH, Zhao QQ, Lu QQ, Jia J, Wen XJ (2016) Heavy metals in wetland soils along a wetland-forming chronosequence in the Yellow River Delta of China: levels, sources and toxic risks. Ecol Indic 69:331–339Google Scholar
  69. Zhang H (2010) Phosphorus fractionation. In: Pierzynski GM (ed) methods of phosphorus analysis for soils, sediments, residuals, and waters. North Carolina State University, Raleigh 2000:50–59Google Scholar
  70. Zhang XD, Yang ZS, Zhang YX, Ji Y, Wang HM, Lv K, Lu ZY (2018) Spatial and temporal shoreline changes of the southern Yellow River (Huanghe) Delta in 1976–2016. Mar Geol 395:188–197Google Scholar
  71. Zhu YZ, Wu FC, He ZQ, Guo JY, Qu XX, Xie FZ, Giesy JP, Liao HQ, Guo F (2013) Characterization of organic phosphorus in lake sediments by sequential fractionation and enzymatic hydrolysis. Environ Sci Technol 47:7679–7687Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Junhong Bai
    • 1
    Email author
  • Lu Yu
    • 1
  • Xiaofei Ye
    • 1
  • Zibo Yu
    • 1
  • Yanan Guan
    • 1
  • Xiaowen Li
    • 1
  • Baoshan Cui
    • 1
  • Xinhui Liu
    • 1
  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Water Environment Simulation, School of EnvironmentBeijing Normal UniversityBeijingChina

Personalised recommendations