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Polyphosphate fertilizers increased maize (Zea mays L.) P, Fe, Zn, and Mn uptake by decreasing P fixation and mobilizing microelements in calcareous soil

  • Yanju Gao
  • Xuewei Wang
  • Jawad Ali Shah
  • Guixin ChuEmail author
Soils, Sec 1 • Soil Organic Matter Dynamics and Nutrient Cycling • Research Article
  • 4 Downloads

Abstract

Purpose

Polyphosphate (Poly-P) is an alternative source of phosphate (P) fertilizer. However, as a condensed P, the effects of different polymerization content of poly-P on crop P nutrition status are often inconsistent. The aims of this study are to explore the transformation of fraction and the fate of poly-P in calcareous soils with ammonium polyphosphate (APP) of different polymerization content as P resource that reveal the effects of different polymerization content of poly-P fertilizer on maize growth (Zea mays L.), soil available P, Fe, Zn, and Mn, and soil inorganic P transformation.

Materials and methods

A pot experiment was carried out with four treatments: (і) no phosphate fertilizer (control); (іі) mono-ammonium phosphate (MAP); (ііі) APP with averaging polymerization degrees of 3 and poly-P/total-P of 70% (APP-3-70%); (іv) APP with averaging polymerization degrees of 3.8 and poly-P/total-P of 90% (APP-3.8-90%). Concentrations of soil available Fe, Zn, and Mn were determined by inductively coupled plasma-atomic absorption spectroscopy procedure. Soil inorganic P species were determined by sequential extraction method.

Results and discussion

Compared with the MAP treatment, soil available P, Fe, and Zn concentrations significantly increased by 22.7%, 6.5%, and 16.7% respectively, in the APP-3.8-90% treatment. Soil labile P forms of resin-P, NaHCO3-P and NaOH-P in the APP-3.8-90% treatment were 91.6%, 24.4% and 27.6% higher, respectively, relative to the MAP treatment, while soil HCl-P concentration was decreased by 7.2%, accordingly. Maize seedling total dry weight (shoot plus root) in the APP-3.8-90% treatment was 42.4% higher than in the MAP treatment. In addition, the APP-3.8-90% treatment is more pronounced than the APP-3-70% treatment in increasing soil available P and Fe, Mn, and Zn.

Conclusions

Poly-P application exhibited obvious advantages in increasing soil P availability and mobilizing soil micronutrients. Specially, appropriately increasing the polymerization content of poly-P is beneficial to play a better role. Hence, it could be recommended as a promising source of P fertilizer substituting orthophosphate (ortho-P) fertilizers.

Keywords

Ammonium polyphosphate Available P Dry weight Fe Resin-P Mn concentrations 

Notes

Funding

This work was jointly supported by the Scientific Development and Technology Innovation Project of Xinjiang Production and Construction Group (2017BA041) and the Shenzhen Batian Ecological Engineering Co., Ltd.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yanju Gao
    • 1
    • 2
  • Xuewei Wang
    • 1
    • 2
  • Jawad Ali Shah
    • 1
    • 2
  • Guixin Chu
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.College of Life ScienceShaoxing UniversityShaoxing CityChina
  2. 2.Oasis Eco-agriculture Key Laboratory Xinjiang Production and Construction Group, Department of Resources and Environmental Science, Agronomy CollegeShihezi UniversityShiheziPeople’s Republic of China

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