Advertisement

Journal of Soils and Sediments

, Volume 19, Issue 10, pp 3512–3520 | Cite as

Remediation efficacy of Sedum plumbizincicola as affected by intercropping of landscape plants and oxalic acid in urban cadmium contaminated soil

  • Shuzhen Hou
  • Xin WangEmail author
  • Mohammad Shafi
  • Petri Penttinen
  • Weijie Xu
  • Jiawei Ma
  • Bin Zhong
  • Jia Guo
  • Meizhen Xu
  • Zhengqian Ye
  • Dan LiuEmail author
  • Hailong Wang
Soils, Sec 3 • Remediation and Management of Contaminated or Degraded Lands • Research Article
  • 59 Downloads

Abstract

Purpose

Intercropping is a promising technique for remediation of soils contaminated with heavy metals. Organic acids can increase the availability of heavy metals in soil. Our aim was to assess the effect of oxalic acid as an activator for hyperaccumulator–landscape plant intercropping to efficiently restore contaminated soil with low cost.

Materials and methods

The hyperaccumulator plant (Sedum plumbizincicola) was intercropped with selected landscape plants: Oxalis corniculate (ground cover plant), Calendula officinalis (grass flower plant), and Buxus sinica (shrub). The effects of 11 mmol kg−1 oxalic acid treatment on growth and Cd accumulation capacity of Sedum plumbizincicola–landscape plants intercropping systems were evaluated in a 76-day pot experiment.

Results and discussion

Oxalic acid has increased the availability of Cd in soil. The biomass of Sedum, Oxalis, and Buxus plants was higher in treatment of oxalic acid than without oxalic acid. The biomass, chlorophyll, and catalase contents of Calendula were lower in treatment of oxalic acid than without oxalic acid, which indicated severe stress caused by enhanced availability of Cd. The malondialdehyde contents of Calendula and Buxus were higher in treatment of oxalic acid, which indicates that higher Cd availability has resulted damage of membrane. The free proline contents of Calendula and Buxus were higher in treatment of oxalic acid. The Cd content of Sedum plants was higher in treatment of oxalic acid than lower Cd in landscape plants with no application of oxalic acid.

Conclusions

It is concluded that oxalic acid has a positive effect on remediation efficiency of Sedum plumbizincicola-Oxalis and Sedum plumbizincicola-Buxus intercropping systems. Oxalic acid has enhanced remediation efficiency of hyperaccumulator-landscape plants intercropping which has offered a new, useful and practical technique for remediation of urban soils with low-level Cd contamination.

Keywords

Heavy metal Intercropping Landscape plants Oxalic acid Sedum plumbizincicola 

Notes

Funding information

The study was financially supported through a grant from the Natural Science Foundation of China (31670617, 21876027, and 21577131), New Shoot Talented Plan of Zhejiang Province (2017R412039), and key research and development project of Science Technology Department of Zhejiang Province (2015C03020-2).

References

  1. Aken BV, Correa PA, Schnoor JL (2010) Phytoremediation of polychlorinated biphenyls: new trends and promises. Environ Sci Technol 44(8):2767–2776CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Anjum NA, Umar S, Iqbal M, Khan NA (2011) Cadmium causes oxidative stress in mung bean by affecting the antioxidant enzyme system and ascorbate-glutathione cycle metabolism. Russ J Plant Physl 58(1):92–99CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Balcom I (2017) Phyto: principles and resources for site remediation and landscape design by Kate Kennen and Niall Kirkwood. Restor Ecol 35(3):275–276CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bao J, Wei HQ, Zhao XL (2012) Feasibility of low molecular weight organic acids in enhancing phytoextraction of cadmium from soils with tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum L.). J Soil Water Conserv 26(2):265–270 (in Chinese) Google Scholar
  5. Baron M, Arellano JB, Gorge JL (2010) Copper and photosystem II: a controversial relationship. Physiol Plant 94(1):174–180CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Bell TH, Joly S, Pitre FE, Yergeau E (2014) Increasing phytoremediation efficiency and reliability using novel omics approaches. Trends Biotechnol 32(5):271–280CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Chen Z, Setagawa M, Kang Y, Sakurai K, Aikawa Y, Iwasaki KŌZŌ (2009) Zinc and cadmium uptake from a metalliferous soil by a mixed culture of Athyrium yokoscense and Arabis flagellosa. Soil Sci Plant Nutr 55(2):315–324CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Ebbs SD, Lasat MM, Brady DJ, Cornish J, Gordon R, Kochian LV (1997) Phytoextraction of cadmium and zinc from a contaminated soil. J Environ Qual 26(5):1424–1430CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Ferhad M, Muttalip G, Sezai E, Tarik E, Fikri B, Hawa ZEJ, Muhammad ZUH (2015) Cadmium toxicity affects chlorophyll a and b content, antioxidant enzyme activities and mineral nutrient accumulation in strawberry. Biol Res 48(1):11Google Scholar
  10. Gao W, Wei H, Jia ZM, Tian XF (2012) Photosynthesis response to cadmium in Vetiveria zizanioides (L.) Nash. Journal of Southwest China Normal University 37(10):59–64 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  11. Hall JL (2002) Cellular mechanisms for heavy metal detoxification and tolerance. J Exp Bot 53(366):1–11CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Khalil HE, Schwartz C, Hamiani OE et al (2013) Distribution of major elements and trace metals as indicators of technosolisation of urban and suburban soils. J Soils Sediments 13(3):519–530CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Lagriffoul A, Mocquot B, Mench M, Vangronsveld J (1998) Cadmium toxicity effects on growth, mineral and chlorophyll contents, and activities of stress related enzymes in young maize plants (Zea mays L.). Plant Soil 200(2):241–250CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Lai CX, Pan WB, Zhang TP et al (2016) Effects of malic acid and oxalic acid application on the uptake of Cd and Zn by two plants. Ecol Sci 35(4):31–37 (in Chinese) Google Scholar
  15. Lasat MM (2002) Phytoextraction of toxic metals: a review of biological mechanisms. J Environ Qual 31(1):109–120CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Li NY, Li ZA, Zhuang P, Zou B, McBride M (2009) Cadmium uptake from soil by maize with intercrops. Water Air Soil Pollut 199(1–4):45–56CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Li XY, Liu LJ, Wang YG, Luo G, Chen X, Yang X, Hall MHP, Guo R, Wang H, Cui J, He X (2013a) Heavy metal contamination of urban soil in an old industrial city; (Shenyang) in Northeast China. Geoderma 192(1):50–58CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Li Y, Zhang S, Jiang W, Liu D (2013b) Cadmium accumulation, activities of antioxidant enzymes, and malondialdehyde (MDA) content in Pistia stratiotes L. Environ Sci Pollut Res 20(2):1117–1123CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Li S, Islam E, Peng D, Chen J, Wang Y, Wu J, Ye Z, Yan W, Lu K, Liu D (2015) Accumulation and localization of cadmium in moso bamboo (Phyllostachys pubescens) grown hydroponically. Acta Physiol Plant 37(3):56CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Li S, Chen J, Islam E, Wang Y, Wu J, Ye Z, Yan W, Peng D, Liu D (2016) Cadmium-induced oxidative stress, response of antioxidants and detection of intracellular cadmium in organs of moso bamboo (Phyllostachys pubescens) seedlings. Chemosphere 153:107–114CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Li S, Wang Y, Mahmood Q et al (2017) Cu induced changes of ultrastructure and bioaccumulation in the leaf of Moso bamboo (Phyllostachys pubescens). J Plant Nutr 41(3):288–296CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Liu D, Li S, Islam E, Chen JR, Wu JS, Ye ZQ, Peng DL, Yan WB, Lu KP (2015) Lead accumulation and tolerance of moso bamboo (phyllostachys pubescens) seedlings: applications of phytoremediation. J Zhejiang Univ-Sci B 16(2):123–130CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Lombi E, Zhao FJ, Dunham SJ, McGrath SP (2001) Phytoremediation of heavy metal-contaminated soils: natural hyperaccumulation versus chemically enhanced phytoextraction. J Environ Qual 30(6):1919–1926CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Lu LL, Tian SK, Yang XE et al (2013) Improved cadmium uptake and accumulation in the hyperaccumulator Sedum plumbizincicola alfredii: the impact of citric acid and tartaric acid. J Zhejiang Univ-Sci B 14(2):106–114CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Lu KP, Yang X, Gielen G, Bolan N, Ok YS, Niazi NK, Xu S, Yuan G, Chen X, Zhang X, Liu D, Song Z, Liu X, Wang H (2017) Effect of bamboo and rice straw biochars on the mobility and redistribution of heavy metals (Cd, Cu, Pb and Zn) in contaminated soil. J Environ Manag 186:285–292CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Meng ZF, Zhang YM, Deng J (2011) Effects of oxalic acid on the adsorption and interaction of Cd2+, Zn2+ in different soils. J Agro-Environ Sci 30(11):2265–2270 (in Chinese) Google Scholar
  27. Nascimento CWAD, Amarasiriwardena D, Xing B (2006) Comparison of natural organic acids and synthetic chelates at enhancing phytoextraction of metals from a multi-metal contaminated soil. Environ Pollut 140(1):114–123CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Nie CR, Yang X, Niazi NK, Xu X, Wen Y, Rinklebe J, Ok YS, Xu S, Wang H (2018) Impact of sugarcane bagasse-derived biochar on heavy metal availability and microbial activity: a field study. Chemosphere 200:274–282CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Podazza G, Arias M, Prado FE (2012) Cadmium accumulation and strategies to avoid its toxicity in roots of the citrus rootstock Citrumelo. J Hazard Mater 215-216(10):83–89CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Punshon T, Dickinson N (1999) Heavy metal resistance and accumulation characteristics in willows. Int J Phytoremediat 1(4):361–385CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Qin L (2017) Accumulation characteristics of Cd, Pb and the root secretion mechanism of low molecular organic acids in Sonchus asper and crop intercropping system. Yunnan Agricultural University, Yunnan, China, Doctoral Thesis (in Chinese) Google Scholar
  32. Qin L, Zu YQ, Zhan FD et al (2013) Absorption and accumulation of Cd by Sonchus asper L.Hill. and maize in intercropping systems. J Agro-Environ Sci 32(03):471–477 (in Chinese) Google Scholar
  33. Qin P, Wang HL, Yang X, He L, Müller K, Shaheen SM, Xu S, Rinklebe J, Tsang DCW, Ok YS, Bolan N, Song Z, Che L, Xu X (2018) Bamboo- and pig-derived biochars reduce leaching losses of dibutyl phthalate, cadmium, and lead from co-contaminated soils. Chemosphere 198:450–459CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Rauret G, Lopez-Sanchez JF, Sahuquillo A et al (1999) Improvement of the BCR three step sequential extraction procedure prior to the certification of new sediment and soil reference materials. J Environ Monit 1(1):57–61CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Shahid M, Pinelli E, Dumat C (2012) Review of Pb availability and toxicity to plants in relation with metal speciation; role of synthetic and natural organic ligands. J Hazard Mater 219-220(219–220):1–12CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Shi PL, Zhu KX, Zhang YX et al (2016) Growth and cadmium accumulation of Solanum nigrum L. seedling were enhanced by heavy metal-tolerant strains of Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Water Air Soil Pollut 227(12):459CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Sun RL, Zhou QX, Sun FH, Jin CX (2007) Antioxidative defense and proline/phytochelatin accumulation in a newly discovered Cd-hyperaccumulator, Solanum nigrum L. Environ Exp Bot 60(3):468–476CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Tripathi DK, Singh VP, Kumar D, Chauhan DK (2012) Rice seedlings under cadmium stress: effect of silicon on growth, cadmium uptake, oxidative stress, antioxidant capacity and root and leaf structures. Chem Ecol 28(3):281–291CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Wang Y, Yan WB, Guo H, Mahmood Q, Guo J, Liu C, Zhong B, Liu D (2017) Trace element analysis and associated risk assessment in mining area soils from Zhexi river plain, Zhejiang, China. Environ Forensic 18(4):318–330CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Wu QT, Wei ZB, Ouyang Y (2007) Phytoextraction of metal-contaminated soil by Sedum plumbizincicola alfredii H: effects of chelator and co-planting. Water Air Soil Pollut 180(1–4):131–139CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Xu WH, Liu H, Ma QF et al (2007) Root exudates, rhizosphere Zn fractions, and Zn accumulation of ryegrass at different soil Zn levels. Pedosphere 17(3):389–396CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Xu WJ, Guo J, Zhao M, Wang RY, Hou SZ, Yang Y, Zhong Bin, Guo H, Liu C, Shen Y, Liu D (2017) Research progress of soil plant root exudates in heavy metal contaminated soil. Journal of Zhejiang A & F University 34(6):1137–1148 (in Chinese) Google Scholar
  43. Xu Y, Seshadri B, Sarkar B, Wang H, Rumpel C, Sparks D, Farrell M, Hall T, Yang X, Bolan N (2018) Biochar modulates heavy metal toxicity and improves microbial carbon use efficiency in soil. Sci Total Environ 621:148–159CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Yan WB, Liu D, Pen DL et al (2016) Spatial distribution and risk assessment of heavy metals in the farmland along mineral product transportation routes in Zhejiang, China. Soil Use Manag 9(32):338–349CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Yang X, Lu K, McGrouther K, Che L, Hu G, Wang Q, Liu X, Shen L, Huang H, Ye Z, Wang H (2017) Bioavailability of Cd and Zn in soils treated with biochars derived from tobacco stalk and dead pigs. J Soils Sediments 17(3):751–762CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Yuan S, Xi Z, Jiang Y, Wan J, Wu C, Zheng Z, Lu X (2007) Desorption of copper and cadmium from soils enhanced by organic acids. Chemosphere 68(7):1289–1297CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Zhang W, Huang H, Tan F, Wang H, Qiu R (2010) Influence of EDTA washing on the species and mobility of heavy metals residual in soils. J Hazard Mater 173(1):369–376CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Zhong B, Chen JR, Shafi M et al (2017) Effect of lead (Pb) on antioxidation system and accumulation ability of Moso bamboo (Phyllostachys pubescens). Ecotox Environ Safe 138:71–77CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shuzhen Hou
    • 1
  • Xin Wang
    • 1
    Email author
  • Mohammad Shafi
    • 2
  • Petri Penttinen
    • 1
  • Weijie Xu
    • 1
  • Jiawei Ma
    • 1
  • Bin Zhong
    • 1
  • Jia Guo
    • 3
  • Meizhen Xu
    • 2
  • Zhengqian Ye
    • 1
  • Dan Liu
    • 1
    Email author
  • Hailong Wang
    • 4
  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Subtropical Silviculture, Key Laboratory of Soil Contamination Bioremediation of Zhejiang Province, School of Landscape ArchitectureZhejiang A & F UniversityZhejiangPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Department of AgronomyThe University of AgriculturePeshawarPakistan
  3. 3.Zhejiang Chengbang Landscape Co., LtdZhejiangPeople’s Republic of China
  4. 4.Biochar Engineering Technology Research Center of Guangdong Province, School of Environment and Chemical EngineeringFoshan UniversityFoshanPeople’s Republic of China

Personalised recommendations