Advertisement

Effect of aqueous concentration of humic acid on the sorption of polychlorinated biphenyls onto soil particle grain sizes

  • Gbadebo Clement Adeyinka
  • Brenda Moodley
Sediments, Sec 2 • Physical and Biogeochemical Processes • Research Article
  • 75 Downloads

Abstract

Purpose

The role of initial aqueous humic acid concentrations (dose), as well as secondary environmental conditions on the sorption of PCB congeners PCB 28, 52, 77, 101, 105, 138, 153, and 180 onto soil particle grain sizes, was investigated in this study.

Materials and methods

Scanning electron microscopy equipped with energy dispersive X-ray and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy were used for the internal morphology and qualitative elemental analysis, as well as identification of possible functional groups found in commercial HA. Batch adsorption experiments were used for sorption studies.

Results and discussion

The results showed that the sorption of PCBs onto soil decreased with an increase in the aqueous HA concentrations. The adsorption of the selected PCBs onto the soils was found to decrease with an increase in the solution pH of humic acid. Thermodynamic studies showed that the partition coefficient values increased with an increase in solution temperature. All the standard free energy were negative indicating the spontaneity and feasibility of the sorption process with positive and high enthalpy and entropy values of the system. The sorption was best fitted with the Freundlich isotherm with the intensity parameter 1/n found to be greater than 1.

Conclusions

The outcome of this study revealed that secondary pollution of river water may possibly be altered depending on variations in the environmental conditions such as pH and temperature. The presence of organic pollutants in alkaline soils having less organic matter content could increase the chances of leaching of organic pollutants causing groundwater contamination.

Keywords

Humic acid Isotherms PCBs Soil particle sizes Sorption Thermodynamic studies 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors sincerely acknowledge the University of KwaZulu-Natal and School of Chemistry and Physics at UKZN for laboratory facilities.

Supplementary material

11368_2018_2147_MOESM1_ESM.docx (3.3 mb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 3.27 mb)

References

  1. Adeyinka GC, Moodley B (2018) Kinetic and thermodynamic studies on partitioning of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) between aqueous solution and modelled individual soil particle grain sizes. J Environ Sci.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jes.2018.04.003
  2. Basel Convention (2003) Technical guideline for the environmentally sound management of the full and partial dismantling of ships. United Nations environment program. Available from: http://www.basel.int/Portals/4/Basel%20Convention/docs/meetings/sbc/workdoc/techgships-e.pdf. Accessed 03 June 2017.
  3. Buckley-Golder D (1999) Compilation of EU dioxins exposure and health data. Summary report for European Commission DG Environment and the UK Department of the Environmental Transport and the Regions. Available from: http://www.greenpeace.se/files/file_72.pdf. Accessed 29 May 2017
  4. Carter CW, Suffet IH (1982) Binding of DDT to dissolved humic materials. Environ Sci Technol 16(11):735–740CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Chefetz B, Xing B (2009) Relative role of aliphatic and aromatic moieties as sorption domains for organic compounds: a review. Environ Sci Technol 43:1680–1688CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Chin YP, Webber WJ Jr (1989) Estimating the effects of dispersed organic polymers on the sorption of contaminants by natural solids.1.A predictive thermodynamic humic substance-organic solute interaction model. Environ Sci Technol 23:978–984CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Chin YP, Aiken GR, Danielsen KM (1997) Binding of pyrene to aquatic and commercial humic substances: the role of molecular weight and aromaticity. Environ Sci Technol 31(6):1630–1635CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Chiou CT, Porter PE, Schmeddling DW (1983) Partition equilibria of nonionic organic compounds between soil organic matter and water. Environ Sci Technol 17:227–231CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Chiou CT, Malcolm RL, Brinton TI, Kile DE (1986) Water solubility enhancement of some organic pollutants and pesticides by dissolved humic and fulvic acids. Environ Sci Technol 20:502–508CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Chiou CT, Kile DE, Brinton TI, Malcolm RL, Leenheer JA, MacCarthy P (1987) A comparison of water solubility enhancements of organic solutes by aquatic humic materials and commercial humic acids. Environ Sci Technol 21:1231–1234CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Chiou CT, Kile DE, Rutherford DW, Sheng G, Boyd SA (2000) Sorption of selected organic compounds from water to a peat soil and its humic-acid and humin fractions: potential sources of the sorption nonlinearity. Environ Sci Technol 34(7):1254–1258CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Clark Ehlers GA, Forrester ST, Scherr KE, Loibner AP, Janik LJ (2010) Influence of the nature of soil organic matter on the sorption behaviour of pentadecane as determined by PLS analysis of mid-infrared DRIFT and solid-state 13C NMR spectra. Environ Pollut 158:285–291CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Claret F, Schäfer T, Bauer A, Buckau G (2003) Generation of humic and fulvic acid from Callovo-Oxfordian clay under high alkaline conditions. Science of The Total Environment 317 (1-3):189-200CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Colborn T, Dumanoski D, Myers JP (1996) Our Stolen Future, Ed. 1996. Dutton, New York, USAGoogle Scholar
  15. Desta MB (2013) Batch sorption experiment: Langmuir and Freundlich isotherm studies for the adsorption of textile metal ions onto Teff Straw (Eragrostis tef) agricultural waste. J Thermodyn 6:1–6CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Ding G, Mao J, Herbert S, Amarasiriwardena D, Xing B (2001) Spectroscopic evaluation of humin changes in response to soil managements. In: Ghabbour EA, Davies G (eds) Humic substances. Structures, models and functions. The Royal Society of Chemistry, Cambridge, UK, p 271CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Gauthier TD, Seitz WR, Grant CL (1987) Effects of structural and compositional variations of dissolved humic materials on pyrene Koc values. Environ Sci Technol 21(3):243–248CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Gerstel Z (1990) Estimation of organic chemical sorption by soils. J Contam Hydrol 6:357–375CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Grathwohl P (1990) Influence of organic matter from soils and sediments from various origins on the sorption of some chlorinated aliphatic hydrocarbons: implications on Koc correlations. Environ Sci Technol 24:1687–1693CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Guthrie-Nichols E, Grasham A, Kazunga C, Sangaiah R, Gold A, Bortiatynski J, Salloum M, Hatcher P (2003) The effect of aging on pyrene transformation in sediments. Environ Toxicol Chem 22(1):40–49CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. He Y, Liu Z, Zhang J, Wang H, Shi J, Xu J (2011) Can assessing for potential contribution of soil organic and inorganic components for butachlor sorption be improved? J Environ Qual 40:1705–1713CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Hiller E, Jurkovic L, Bartal M (2008) Effect of temperature on the distribution of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in soil and sediment. Soil and Water Res 3:231–240CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Hu D, Hornbuckle KC (2010) Inadvertent polychlorinated biphenyls in commercial paint pigments. Environ Sci Technol 44(8):2822–2827CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Huang WL, Weber WJ Jr (1997) Thermodynamic considerations in the sorption of organic contaminants by soils and sediments. 1. The isosteric heat approach and its application to model inorganic sorbents. Environ Sci Technol 31:3238–3243CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Huang W, Peng P, Yu Z, Fu J (2003) Effect of organic matter heterogeneity on the sorption and desorption of organic contaminants by soils and sediments. Appl Geochem 18:955–972CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Jia C, You C, Pan G (2010) Effect of temperature on the sorption and desorption of perfluoroactane sulfonate on humic acid. J Environ Sci 22(3):355–361CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Kile DE, Chiou CT (1989) Water solubility enhancements of DDT and trichlorobenzene by some surfactants below and above the critical micelle concentration. Environ Sci Technol 23:832–838CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Kordel W, Dassenakis M, Lintelmann J, Padberg S (1997) The importance of natural organic material for environmental processes in waters and soils. Pure Appl Chem 69:1571–1600CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Landrum PF, Nihart SR, Eardie BJ, Gardner WS (1984) Reverse-phase separation method for determining pollutant binding to Aldrich humic acid and dissolved organic carbon of natural water. Environ Sci Technol 18:187–192CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Leung A, Cai ZW, Wong MH (2006) Environmental contamination from electronic waste recycling at Guiyu, southeast China. J Mat Cycles Waste Manag 8(1):21–33CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Liang P, Xing L, Xuan H, Xue W (2016) Research of adsorption on PCBs: isotherm modeling and influencing factors. MATEC Web of Conferences 67:06030CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Liying S, Weiling S, Jinren NI (2009) Partitioning of water soluble organic carbon in three sediment size fractions: effect of the humic substances. J Environ Sci 21:113–119CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Luthy RG, Aiken GR, Brusseau ML Cunningham SD, Gschwend PM, Pignatello JJ, Reinhard M, Traina SJ, Weber WJ, Westall JC (1997) Sequestration of hydrophobic organic contaminants by geosorbents. Environ Sci Technol 31(12):3341–3347CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Maie N, Watanabe A, Kimura A (2004) Chemical characteristics and potential source of fulvic acids leached from the plow layer of paddy soil. Geoderma 120(3–4):309–323CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Ogram AV, Jessup RE, Ou LT, Rao PS (1985) Effects of sorption on biological degradation rates of (2, 4-dichlorophenoxy) acetic acid in soils. Appl Environ Microbiol 49(3):582–587Google Scholar
  36. Pan BO, Ghosh S, Xing B (2007) Nonideal binding between dissolved humic acids and polyaromatic hydrocarbons. Environ Sci Technol 41(18):6472–6478CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Park JH, Feng Y, Ji P, Voice TC, Boyd SA (2003) Assessment of bioavailability of soil-sorbed atrazine. Appl Environ Microbiol 69(6):3288–3298CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Pirbazari M, Ravindran V, Wong SP, Stevens MR (1989) Adsorption of micropollutants on activated carbon. In: Suffet IH, MacCathy P (eds) Aquatic humic substances: influence on fate and treatment of pollutants American Chemical Society Series, New York, pp 549–578Google Scholar
  39. Qi Y, Zhang TC (2016) Sorption and desorption of testosterone at environmentally relevant levels: effects of aquatic conditions and soil particle size fractions. J Environ Eng 142:1–9Google Scholar
  40. Qu XL, Liu P, Zhu DQ (2008) Enhanced sorption of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons to tetra-alkyl ammonium modified smectites via cation-p interactions. Environ Sci Technol 42:1109–1116CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Rao PS, Bellin CA, Brusseau ML (1993) Coupling biodegradation of organic chemicals to sorption and transport in soils and aquifers: paradigms and paradoxes. In: Linn DM, Carski TH, Brusseau ML, Chang AC (eds) Sorption and degradation of pesticides and organic chemicals in soil. SSSA and ASA, Madison, WI; Vol. SSSA Spec Publ 32, pp 1–26Google Scholar
  42. Ray AB, Ma J, Borst M (1995) Adsorption of surfactant on clays. Hazard Waste Hazard Mater 12:257–364CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Riffaldi R, Levi-Minzi R, Saviozzi A, Benetti A (1998) Adsorption on soil of dissolved organic carbon from farmyard manure. Agric Ecosyst Environ 69:113–119CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Rodrigues A, Brito A, Janknecht P, Proenca MF, Nogueira R (2008) Quantification of humic acids in surface water: effects of divalent cations, pH, and filtration. J Environ Monit 11:377–382CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Rutherford DW, Chiou CT, Kile DE (1992) Influence of soil organic matter composition on the partition of organic compounds. Environ Sci Technol 26(2):336–340CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Schnurer Y, Persson P, Nilsson M, Nordgren A, Giesler R (2006) Effects of surface sorption on microbial degradation of glyphosate. Environ Sci Technol 40(13):4145–4150CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Schwarzenbach RP, Westall J (1981) Transport of nonpolar organic compounds from surface water to groundwater. Laboratory sorption studies. Environ Sci Technol 15(11):1360–1367CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Scow KM (1993) Effect of sorption-desorption and diffusion processes on the kinetics of biodegradation of organic chemicals in soil. In: Linn DM, Carski TH, Brusseau ML, Chang FH (eds) Sorption and degradation of pesticides and organic chemicals in soil. SSSA and ASA: Madison, WI, Vol. SSSA Spec Publ 32. pp 73–114Google Scholar
  49. Sebald W (2012) Yellow River Tou Dao Guai section of the PCBs distribution characteristics and adsorption mechanism. Inner Mongolia, Inner Mongolia Agricultural University, pp 15–48Google Scholar
  50. Sharma B (2008) Evaluation of reactive cap sorbents for in-situ remediation of contaminated sediments. PhD. Dissertation, University of New HampshireGoogle Scholar
  51. Sharma B, Gardner KH, Melton J, Hawkins A, Tracey G (2009) Effect of humic acid on adsorption of polychlorinated biphenyls onto organoclay. Environ Eng Sci 26(8):1279–1287CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Shen YH (2000) Sorption of non-ionic surfactants to soil: the role of soil mineral composition. Chemosphere 41:711–716CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Shirshova LT, Ghabbour EA, Avis G (2006) Spectroscopic characterization of humic acid fractions isolated from soil using different extraction procedures. Geoderma 133(3–4):204–216CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Stevenson FJ (1982) Humus chemistry genesis, composition, reactions. Willey Interscience, New York, p 443Google Scholar
  55. Tao C, Chengxun S, Weiwe C (2013) Effects of surfactants on the absorption of PCBs on soil. Environ Pollut Control 35:59–64Google Scholar
  56. Tatzber M, Stemmer M, Spiegel H, Katzlberger C, Haberhauer G, Axel Mentler A, Gerzabek MH (2007) FTIR-spectroscopic characterization of humic acids and humin fractions obtained by advanced NaOH, Na4P2O7, and Na2CO3 extraction procedures. J Plant Nutr Soil Sci 170:522–529CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. UNEP (United Nation Environmental Programme) (2001) Text of the Stockholm convention on persistent organic pollutants and implementation activities; amended 2009. United Nations Environment Programme Available from: http://chm.pops.int/TheConvention/Overview/TextoftheConvention/tabid/2232. Accessed 24 June 2017.
  58. UNEP (United Nation Environmental Programme) (2004) Guidance for a global monitoring programme for persistence organic pollutants, 1st edition, June 2004. United Nations environment programme, chemicals, Geneva, Switzerland. For download: http//www.chem.unep/gmm/GuidanceGPM.pdf old version. Accessed 24 June 2017
  59. UNEP (United Nation Environmental Programme) (2009) Sustainable innovation and technology transfer industrial sector studies: recycling – from E-waste to resources. United Nations environment programme. Available from: http://www.unep.org/pdf/Recycling_From_e-waste_to_resources.pdf. Accessed 24 June 2017.
  60. UNEP (United Nation Environmental Programme) (2011) The Basel convention on the control of transboundary movements of hazardous wastes and their disposal. United Nations environment programme. Available from: http://www.basel.int/Portals/4/Basel%20Convention/docs/text/BaselConventionText-e.pdf. Accessed 24 June 2017.
  61. Van Loosdrecht MC, Lyklema J, Norde W, Zehnder AJ (1990) Influence of interfaces on microbial activity. Microbiol Mol Biol Rev 54(1):75–87Google Scholar
  62. Warren N, Allan IJ, Carter JE, House WA, Parker A (2003) Pesticides and other micro-organic contaminants in freshwater sedimentary environments—a review. Appl Geochem 18:159–194CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. Weber WJ Jr, Smith EH (1989) Effects of humic background on granular activated carbon treatment efficiency. In: Suffet IH, MacCathy P (eds) Aquatic humic substances: influence on fate and treatment of pollutants. American Chemical Society Series, New York, pp 501–532Google Scholar
  64. Wilmanski K, Breemen ANV (1990) Competitive adsorption of trichloroethylene and humic substances from groundwater on activated carbon. Water Res 24:773–779CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. Zhao H, Vance GF (1998) Sorption of trichloroethylene by organoclays in the presence of humic substances. Water Res 32:3710–3716CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Chemistry and Physics, College of Agriculture, Engineering and SciencesUniversity of KwaZulu-NatalDurbanSouth Africa

Personalised recommendations