Journal of Soils and Sediments

, Volume 19, Issue 2, pp 599–608 | Cite as

Impact of surfactant and dissolved organic matter on uptake of atrazine in maize and its mobility in soil

  • Bing Bing Tian
  • Jing Hua Zhou
  • Fei Xie
  • Qian Nan Guo
  • Ai Ping Zhang
  • Xin Qiang Wang
  • Qian Qian Yu
  • Na Li
  • Hong YangEmail author
Soils, Sec 1 • Soil Organic Matter Dynamics and Nutrient Cycling • Research Article



The purposes of this study were to investigate the activation and transport of atrazine in the presence of dissolved organic matter (DOM) and the surfactant (Triton X-100) and to understand interactions between DOM, Triton X-100, and atrazine.

Materials and methods

Uncontaminated soils collected from Nanjing, China, along with DOM extracted from rice straw and Triton X-100 (TX-100), were used in the study. The sorption and desorption experiments were carried out using the standard batch equilibration analysis. Soil column leaching was conducted with soil samples packed into PVC columns. Soil thin-layer chromatography was performed using soil and water mixture spread on a 0.5–0.7-mm-thick layer over 20 × 10-cm glass plates. Atrazine accumulation in maize was determined by planting maize in plastic pots (1 L) containing 1 kg soil mixed with 1.0 mg kg−1 atrazine. Soils were watered with different solutions, with the relative water content of 60%.

Results and discussion

Using batch experiment and soil thin-layer chromatography, application of DOM and surfactant reduced sorption and increased desorption of atrazine in soil. In column experiment, DOM and surfactant significantly promoted the mobility of atrazine in soil and the total concentration of atrazine in leachate of the soil column. Accumulation of atrazine in both maize roots and shoots increased with the elevated concentration of surfactant, whereas the content of atrazine declined with the increase of the DOM concentration.


Dissolved organic matter and TX-100 affected the partitioning and transport of atrazine in soil–water and soil–plant ecosystems.


Atrazine Dissolved organic matter Mobility Surfactant Uptake 


Funding information

This study received financial support from the National Key Research and Development Project of China (No. 2016YFD0200201).

Supplementary material

11368_2018_2095_MOESM1_ESM.doc (46 kb)
ESM 1 (DOC 46 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bing Bing Tian
    • 1
  • Jing Hua Zhou
    • 1
  • Fei Xie
    • 1
  • Qian Nan Guo
    • 1
  • Ai Ping Zhang
    • 1
  • Xin Qiang Wang
    • 1
  • Qian Qian Yu
    • 1
  • Na Li
    • 1
  • Hong Yang
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Pesticide Science, College of ScienceNanjing Agricultural UniversityNanjingChina

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