Advertisement

Journal of Soils and Sediments

, Volume 19, Issue 2, pp 588–598 | Cite as

The role of iron oxides in the preservation of soil organic matter under long-term fertilization

  • Ping Wang
  • Jidong Wang
  • Hui Zhang
  • Yue Dong
  • Yongchun ZhangEmail author
Soils, Sec 1 • Soil Organic Matter Dynamics and Nutrient Cycling • Research Article
  • 99 Downloads

Abstract

Purpose

The aim of this paper is to enlighten the role of highly reactive iron (Fe) minerals in soil organic carbon (SOC) preservation in soil aggregates.

Materials and methods

The effects of four long-term (37-year) fertilization regimes (NPK, chemical fertilization; NPKM, chemical fertilization + cattle manure; M, cattle manure; CK, non-fertilization control) on organic carbon (OC) stability, soil iron fractions in bulk soil, and soil aggregates were studied to characterize the capacity and mechanism of Fe minerals to preserve SOM in soil.

Results and discussion

Long-term fertilization significantly altered the Fe fractions in soil and soil aggregates. The two applications with manure (NPKM and M) increased the non-crystalline Fe content, while the chemical fertilizer (NPK) increased the crystalline Fe content. Besides, long-term fertilization with manure greatly increased the content of SOC and soil total nitrogen (STN). The non-crystalline Fe was positively correlated with the SOC content in both soil and soil aggregates. Meanwhile, the long-term fertilization treatments greatly changed the mass distribution and OC content of soil aggregates.

Conclusions

Long-term manure fertilization promoted the formation of non-crystalline Fe fractions, which bounds to SOC to form soil macro-aggregates. Thus, the formation of SOC-Fe association in soil and soil aggregates plays a crucial role in SOC preservation.

Keywords

Organo-mineral associations Non-crystalline Fe Soil aggregates Soil organic carbon 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We would like to thank the editor and two anonymous referees for their constructive suggestions which improve the manuscript greatly.

Funding information

This work was financially supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (grant no. 41201278), the National Department Public Benefit Research Foundation of China (grant no. 201203030), and the Fundamental Research Funds of Jiangsu Academy of Agricultural Sciences (program Name. ZX (16)-6001).

References

  1. Abid M, Lal R (2008) Tillage and drainage impact on soil quality i. aggregate stability, carbon and nitrogen pools. Soil Till Res 100(1–2):89–98CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Annabi M, Raclot D, Bahri H, Bailly JS, Gomez C, Le Bissonnais Y (2017) Spatial variability of soil aggregate stability at the scale of an agricultural region in Tunisia. Catena 153:157–167CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Araujo MA, Zinn YL, Lal R (2017) Soil parent material, texture and oxide contents have little effect on soil organic carbon retention in tropical highlands. Geoderma 300:1–10CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Arias Estévez M, Conde Cid M, Paradelo Nunez R (2016) Poorly-crystalline components in aggregates from soils under different land use and parent material. Catena 144:141–150CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Ayuke FO, Brussaard L, Vanlauwe B, Six J, Lelei DK, Kibunja CN, Pulleman MM (2011) Soil fertility management: impacts on soil macrofauna, soil aggregation and soil organic matter allocation. Appl Soil Ecol 48:53–62CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Bhattacharya SS, Kim KH, Das S, Uchimiya M, Jeon BH, Kwon E, Szulejko JE (2016) A review on the role of organic inputs in maintaining the soil carbon pool of the terrestrial ecosystem. J Environ Manag 167:214–227CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Bidisha M, Joerg R, Yakov K (2010) Effects of aggregation processes on distribution of aggregate size fractions and organic C content of a long-term fertilized soil. Eur J Soil Biol 46:365–370.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejsobi.2010.08.001 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Blair N, Faulkner RD, Till AR, Poulton PR (2006) Long-term management impacts on soil C, N and physical fertility. Soil Till Res 91:30–38CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Bottinelli N, Angers DA, Hallaire V, Michot D, Guillou LC, Cluzeau D, Heddadj D, Menasseri AS (2017) Tillage and fertilization practices affect soil aggregate stability in a Humic Cambisol of Northwest France. Soil Till Res 170:14–17CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Cooper JM, Burton D, Daniell TJ, Griffiths BS, Zebarth BJ (2011) Carbon mineralization kinetics and soil biological characteristics as influenced by manure addition in soil incubated at a range of temperatures. Eur J Soil Bio 47:392–399CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Cox RJ, Peterson HL, Young J, Cusik C, Espinoza EO (2000) The forensic analysis of soil organic by FTIR. Forensic Sci Int 108:107–116CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Ding LJ, Su JQ, Xu HJ, Jia ZJ, Zhu YG (2015) Long-term nitrogen fertilization of paddy soil shifts iron-reducing microbial community revealed by RNA-13C-acetate probing coupled with pyrosequencing. ISME J 9:721–734CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Duiker SW, Rhoton FE, Torrent J, Smeck NE, Lal R (2003) Iron (hydr)oxide crystallinity effects on soil aggregation. Soil Sci Soc Am J 67:606–611CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Ellott ET (1986) Aggregate structure and carbon, nitrogen, and phosphorus in native and cultivated soils. Soil Sci Soc Am J 50:627–633CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Erktan A, Balmot J, Merino-Martín L (2017) Immediate and long-term effect of tannins on the stabilization of soil aggregates. Soil Biol Biochem 105:197–205CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Eusterhues K, Rennert T, Knicker H, Kögelknabner I, Totsche K (2011) Fractionation of organic matter due to reaction with ferrihydrite: coprecipitation versus adsorption. Environ Sci Technol 45:527–533CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Feng W, Plante AF, Aufdenkampe AK, Six J (2014) Soil organic matter stability in organo-mineral complexes as a function of increasing C loading. Soil Biol Biochem 69:398–405CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Feng S, Huang Y, Ge Y, Su Y, Xu X, Wang Y, He X (2016) Variations in the patterns of soil organic carbon mineralization and microbial communities in response to exogenous application of rice straw and calcium carbonate. Sci Total Environ 571:615–623CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Fernández-Ugalde O, Barré P, Hubert F (2013) Clay mineralogy differs qualitatively in aggregate-size classes: clay-mineral-based evidence for aggregate hierarchy in temperate soils. Eur J Soil Sci 64:410–422CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Fonte SJ, Yeboah E, Ofori P, Quansah GW, Vanlauwe B, Six J (2009) Fertilizer and residue quality effects on organic matter stabilization in soil aggregates. Soil Sci Am J 73:961–966CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Fujisaki K, Perrin A-S, Garric B, Balesdent J, Brossard M (2017) Soil organic carbon changes after deforestation and agrosystem establishment in Amazonia: an assessment by diachronic approach. Agric Ecosyst Environ 245:63–73CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Ghimire R, Lamichhane S, Acharya BS, Bista P, Sainju UM (2017) Tillage, crop residue, and nutrient management effects on soil organic carbon in rice-based cropping systems: a review. J Integrat Agri 16:1–15CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Goebel MO, Bachmann J, Woche SK, Fischer WR (2005) Soil wettability, aggregate stability, and the decomposition of soil organic matter. Geoderma 128:80–93CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Griffiths BS, Ball BC, Daniell TJ (2010) Integrating soil quality changes to arable agricultural systems following organic matter addition, or adoption of a ley-arable rotation. Appl Soil Ecol 46:43–53CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Gruba P, Mulder J (2015) Tree species affect cation exchange capacity (CEC) and cation binding properties of organic matter in acid forest soils. Sci Total Environ 511:655–662CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Hanson RS, Hanson TE (1996) Methanotrophic bacteria. Microbiol Rev 60:439–471Google Scholar
  27. Harvey OR, Rhue RD (2008) Kinetics and energetics of phosphate sorption in a multi-component Al(III)-Fe(III) hydr(oxide) sorbent system. J Colloid Interface Sci 322:384–393CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Hu Y, Kuhn NJ (2016) Erosion-induced exposure of SOC to mineralization in aggregated sediment. Catena 137:517–525CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Jia Y, Aagaard P, Breedveld GD (2007) Sorption of triazoles to soil and iron minerals. Chemosphere 67(2):250–258CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Jiménez JJ, Villar L (2017) Mineral controls on soil organic C stabilization in alpine and subalpine soils in the Central Pyrenees: insights from wet oxidation methods, mineral dissolution treatment and radiocarbon dating. Catena 149:363–373CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. John B, Yanashita T, Ludwig B, Flessa H (2005) Stabilization of recent soil carbon in the humid tropics following land use changes: evidence from aggregate fractionation and stable isotope analyses. Geoderma 128:63–79CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Karami A, Homaee M, Afzalinia S, Ruhipour H, Basirat S (2012) Organic resource management: impacts on soil aggregate stability and other soil physico-chemical properties. Agric Ecosyst Environ 148:22–28CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Kibet LC, Blanco-Canqui H, Jasa P (2016) Long-term tillage impacts on soil organic matter components and related properties on a Typic Argiudoll. Soil Till Res 155:78–84CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Kong AYY, Six J, Bryant DC, Denison RF, Van Kessel C (2005) The relationship between carbon input, aggregation, and soil organic carbon stabilization in sustainable cropping systems. Soil Sci Soc Am J 69:1078CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Kwon MJ, Boyanov MI, Antonopoulos DA, Brulc JM, Johnston ER, Skinner KA, Kemner KM, Loughlin EJ (2014) Effects of dissimilatory sulfate reduction on FeIII (hydr)oxide reduction and microbial community development. Geochim Cosmochim Acta 129:177–190CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Le MJ, Roger P (2001) Production, oxidation, emission and consumption of methane by soils: a review. Eur J Soil Biol 37:25–50CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Lee SB, Lee CH, Jung LY, Park KD, Lee D, Kim PJ (2009) Changes of soil organic carbon and its fractions in relation to soil physical properties in a long-term fertilized paddy. Soil Tillage Res 104 (2):227–232CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Liu XZ, Zhang LM, Prosser JI, He JZ (2009) Abundance and community structure of sulfate reducing prokaryotes in a paddy soil of southern China under different fertilization regimes. Soil Biol Biochem 41:687–694CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Lobe I, Sandhage-Hofmann A, Brodowski S, du Preez CC, Amelung W (2011) Aggregate dynamics and associated soil organic matter contents as influenced by prolonged arable cropping in the South African Highveld. Geoderma 162:251–259CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Lopez-Sangil L, Rovira P (2013) Sequential chemical extractions of the mineral-associated soil organic matter: an integrated approach for the fractionation of organo-mineral complexes. Soil Biol Biochem 62:57–67CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Lu J, Zheng F, Li G, Bian F, An J (2016) The effects of raindrop impact and runoff detachment on hillslope soil erosion and soil aggregate loss in the Mollisol region of Northeast China. Soil Till Res 161:79–85CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Lugato E, Simonetti G, Morari F, Nardi S, Berti A, Giardini L (2010) Distribution of organic and humic carbon in wet-sieved aggregates of different soils under long-term fertilization experiment. Geoderma 157:80–85CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Maillard E, Angers DA (2014) Animal manure application and soil organic carbon stocks: a meta-analysis. Glob Chang Biol 20:666–679CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Majumder B, Kuzyakov Y (2010) Effect of fertilization on decomposition of 14C labelled plant residues and their incorporation into soil aggregates. Soil Till Res 109:94–102CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Man JK, Boyanov MI, Antonopoulos DA (2014) Effects of dissimilatory sulfate reduction on FeIII (hydr)oxide reduction and microbial community development. Geochim Cosmochim Acta 129:177–190CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Martín-Lammerding D, Navas M, Albarrán MM, Tenorio JL, Walter I (2015) Long term management systems under semiarid conditions: influence on labile organic matter, β-glucosidase activity and microbial efficiency. Appl Soil Ecol 96:296–305CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. McKeague JA, Day JH (1966) Dithionite and oxalate Fe and Al as aids in differentiating various classes of soils. Can J Soil Sci 46:13–22CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Mehra OP, Jackson ML (1960) Iron oxide removal from soil and clays by a dithionite–citrate system buffered with sodium bicarbonate. Clay Miner 7:317–327CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Memon M, Memon KS, Akhtar MS, Stuben D (2009) Characterization and quantification of iron oxides occurring in low concentration in soils. Commun Soil Sci Plan 40:162–117CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Mitsunobu S, Sakai Y, Takahashi Y (2008) Characterization of Fe(III) (hydr)oxides in arsenic contaminated soil under various redox conditions by XAFS and Mössbauer spectroscopies. Appl Geochem 23:3236–3243CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Mizuta K, Taguchi S, Sato S (2015) Soil aggregate formation and stability induced by starch and cellulose. Soil Biol Biochem 87:90–96CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Peng X, Zhu Q, Zhang Z, Hallett PD (2017) Combined turnover of carbon and soil aggregates using rare earth oxides and isotopically labelled carbon as tracers. Soil Biol Biochem 109:81–94CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Plaza C, Courtier-Murial D, Fernández JM, Polo A, Simpson A (2013) Physical, chemical, and biochemical mechanisms of soil organic matter stabilization under conservation tillage systems: a central role for microbes and microbial by-products in C sequestration. Soil Biol Biochem 57:124–134CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Plaza C, Giannetta B, Fernández JM, López-de-Sá EG, Polo A, Gascó G, Méndez A, Zaccone C (2016) Response of different soil organic matter pools to biochar and organic fertilizers. Agric Ecosys Environ 225:150–159CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Pronk GJ, Heister K, Ding G-C, Smalla K, Kögel-Knabner I (2012) Development of biogeochemical interfaces in an artificial soil incubation experiment; aggregation and formation of organo-mineral associations. Geoderma 189-190:585–594CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Raiswell R (2011) Iron transport from the continents to the open ocean: the aging-rejuvenation cycle. Elements 7:101–106CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Razafimbelo TM, Albrecht A, Oliver R, Chevallier T, Chapuis-Lardy L, Feller C (2008) Aggregate associated-C and physical protection in a tropical clayey soil under Malagasy conventional and no-tillage systems. Soil Till Res 98:140–149CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. Reijneveld A, Wensem J, Oenema O (2009) Soil organic carbon contents of agricultural land in the Netherlands between 1984 and 2004. Geoderma 152:231–238CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. Sall SN, Masse D, Hélène Diallo N, Sow TMB, Hien E, Guisse A (2016) Effects of residue quality and soil mineral N on microbial activities and soil aggregation in a tropical sandy soil in Senegal. Eur J Soil Biol 75:62–69CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. Sheehy J, Regina K, Alakukku L, Six J (2015) Impact of no-till and reduced tillage on aggregation and aggregate-associated carbon in Northern European agroecosystems. Soil Till Res 150:107–113CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. Six J, Elliott ET, Paustian K (2000) Soil macroaggregate turnover and microaggregate formation:a mechanism for C sequestration under no-tillage agriculture. Soil Biol Biochem 32:2099–2103CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. Song J, Jia SY, Yu B, Wu SH, Han X (2015) Formation of iron (hydr)oxides during the abiotic oxidation of Fe(II) in the presence of arsenate. J Hazard Mater 294:70–79CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. Souza IF, Archanjo BS, Hurtarte LCC, Olivero ES, Gouvea CP, Lidizio LR (2017) Al-/Fe-(hydr)oxides–organic carbon associations in Oxisols—from ecosystems to submicron scales. Catena 154:63–72CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. Spaccini R, Piccolo A (2013) Effects of field managements for soil organic matter stabilization on water-stable aggregate distribution and aggregate stability in three agricultural soils. J Geochem Explor 129:45–51CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. Tian Q, Wang X, Wang D, Wang M, Liao C, Yang X, Liu F (2017) Decoupled linkage between soil carbon and nitrogen mineralization among soil depths in a subtropical mixed forest. Soil Biol Biochem 109:135–144CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. Torn MS, Trumbore SE, Chadwick OA, Vitousek PM, Hendricks DM (1997) Mineral control of soil organic carbon storage and turnover. Nature 389:170–173CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. Triberti L, Nastri A, Baldoni G (2016) Long-term effects of crop rotation, manure and mineral fertilisation on carbon sequestration and soil fertility. Eur J Agron 74:47–55CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  68. Urioste AM, Hevia GG, HepperaL EN, Anton LE, Bono AA, Buschiazzo DE (2006) Cultivation effects on the distribution of organic carbon, total nitrogen and phosphorus in soils of the semiarid region of argentinian pampas. Geoderma 136(3–4):621–630CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. Vaezi AR, Zarrinabadi E, Auerswald K (2017) Interaction of land use, slope gradient and rain sequence on runoff and soil loss from weakly aggregated semi-arid soils. Soil Till Res 172:22–31CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  70. Wang X, Cammeraat ELH, Cerli C, Kalbitz K (2014) Soil aggregation and the stabilization of organic carbon as affected by erosion and deposition. Soil Biol Biochem 72:55–65CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. Wang S, Li T, Zheng Z (2017a) Distribution of microbial biomass and activity within soil aggregates as affected by tea plantation age. Catena 153:1–8CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  72. Wang Z, Liu S, Huang C, Liu Y, Bu Z (2017b) Impact of land use change on profile distributions of organic carbon fractions in peat and mineral soils in Northeast China. Catena 152:1–8CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  73. Wei X, Wang X, Ma T, Huang L, Pu Q, Hao M, Zhang X (2017) Distribution and mineralization of organic carbon and nitrogen in forest soils of the southern Tibetan Plateau. Catena 156:298–304CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  74. Wen YL, Xiao J, Li H, Shen QR, Ran W, Zhou QS, Yu GH (2014) Long-term fertilization practices alter aluminum fractions and coordinate state in soil colloids. Soil Sci Soc Am J 78:2083–2089CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. Wen YL, Xiao J, Liu FF, Goodman BA, Li W, Jia ZJ, Ran W, Zhang RF, Shen QR, Yu GH (2018) Contrasting effects of inorganic and organic fertilisation regimes on shifts in Fe redox bacterial communities in red soils. Soil Biol Biochem 117:56–67CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  76. Weng Z, Zwieten LV, Singh BP (2018) The accumulation of rhizodeposits in organo-mineral fractions promoted biochar-induced negative priming of native soil organic carbon in Ferralsol. Soil Biol Biochem 118:91–96CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  77. Xiao W, Feng S, Liu Z, Su Y, Zhang Y, He X (2017) Interactions of soil particulate organic matter chemistry and microbial community composition mediating carbon mineralization in karst soils. Soil Biol Biochem 107:85–93CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  78. Xiao J, Wen YL, Li H, Hao JL, Shen QR, Ran W, Mei XL, He XH, Yu GH (2015) In situ visualisation and characterisation of the capacity of highly reactive minerals to preserve soil organic matter (SOM) in colloids at submicron scale. Chemosphere 138:225–232CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  79. Yang C, Liu N, Zhang Y (2017) Effects of aggregates size and glucose addition on soil organic carbon mineralization and Q 10 values under wide temperature change conditions. Eur J Soil Biol 80:77–84CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  80. Yilmaz E, Sonmez M (2017) The role of organic/bio–fertilizer amendment on aggregate stability and organic carbon content in different aggregate scales. Soil Till Res 168:118–124CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  81. Younis SMZ, Iqbal J (2015) Estimation of soil moisture using multispectral and FTIR techniques. Eur J Soil Biol 18:151–161Google Scholar
  82. Yu HY, Ding WX, Luo F, Geng RL, Cai ZC (2012a) Long-term application of organic manure and mineral fertilizers on aggregation and aggregate-associated carbon in a sandy loam soil. Soil Till Res 124:170–177CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  83. Yu GH, Wu MJ, Wei GR (2012b) Binding of organic ligands with Al(III) in dissolved organic matter from soil: implications for soil organic carbon storage. Environ Sci Technol 46:6102–6109CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  84. Yu S, Yasushi E, Masahiko Y (2007) Temperature dependence of reversible and irreversible magnetization of the discontinuous ultrathin Fe films. J Magn Magn Mater 310(2):756–758CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  85. Zhang JC, Zhang L, Wang P, Huang QW, Yu GH, Li DC, Shen QR, Ran W (2013) The role of non-crystalline Fe in the increase of SOC after long-term organic manure application to the red soil of southern China. Eur J Soil Sci 64(6):797–804CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  86. Zheng J, Chen J, Pan G (2017) A long-term hybrid poplar plantation on cropland reduces soil organic carbon mineralization and shifts microbial community abundance and composition. Appl Soil Ecol 111:94–104CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  87. Zhong XL, Li JT, Li XJ (2017) Physical protection by soil aggregates stabilizes soil organic carbon under simulated N deposition in a subtropical forest of China. Geoderma 285:323–332CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  88. Zhu G-Y, Shangguan Z-P, Deng L (2017) Soil aggregate stability and aggregate-associated carbon and nitrogen in natural restoration grassland and Chinese red pine plantation on the Loess Plateau. Catena 149:253–260CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ping Wang
    • 1
  • Jidong Wang
    • 1
  • Hui Zhang
    • 1
  • Yue Dong
    • 1
  • Yongchun Zhang
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Jiangsu Academy of Agricultural Sciences/Scientific Observation and Experimental Station of Farmland Conversation and Cultivation in Jiangsu, Ministry of AgricultureAgricultural Resources and Environment InstituteNanjingChina

Personalised recommendations