Advertisement

Journal of Soils and Sediments

, Volume 19, Issue 5, pp 2251–2264 | Cite as

Assessing the effect of potential water and salt intrusion on coastal wetland soil quality: simulation study

  • Xuanxuan Xian
  • Mingyue Pang
  • Junlong Zhang
  • Meike Zhu
  • Fanlong KongEmail author
  • Min Xi
Soils, Sec 2 • Global Change, Environ Risk Assess, Sustainable Land Use • Research Article
  • 132 Downloads

Abstract

Purpose

Faced with the increasing threat from seawater intrusion, it is of great importance to explore the effect of the increase of water and salt on the coastal wetland soil quality. A simulation experiment was designed in this study to identify the impact of water and salt on soil quality in the coastal wetland of Jiaozhou Bay, China.

Materials and methods

Three soil quality indices were applied to investigate the influence of different water and salt conditions on soil quality. Every index was computed by applying the total data set (TDS) and minimum data set (MDS) methods. The TDS included nine soil quality properties determined in 96 samples including pH, bulk density (BD), total organic matter (TOM), ammonium nitrogen (NH4+-N), available phosphorus (AP), available potassium (AK), sucrase activity (SA), urease activity (UA), and alkaline phosphatase activity (APA). Principal component analysis (PCA) was applied to selected indicators for MDS.

Results and discussion

Soil quality decreased with the increase of salt content, and it increased first and then decreased with the increased water content. The soil samples with 60% water content had the lowest quality. Meanwhile, the nutrient indicators and enzyme activity in these soil samples were also lower than those in the other water gradients. The results of soil quality classification showed that the soil quality was mostly reckoned as moderate quality (grade III) and below and only a fraction of these samples was grade I based on all indices.

Conclusions

The results showed that too much water and salt in soil can decrease soil quality, and the effect of water was more obvious than salt. The results of match and kappa statistical analyses indicated that soil quality estimated by the weighted additive soil quality index was more accurate than those estimated by the additive soil quality index and Nemoro soil quality index. Besides, the agreement values of TDS were higher than those of MDS.

Keywords

Coastal wetlands Minimum data set Principal component analysis Soil quality Water and salt gradient 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors acknowledge all colleagues for their contribution to the fieldwork.

Funding information

This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 41771098).

References

  1. Andrews SS, Carroll CR (2001) Designing a soil quality assessment tool for sustainable agroecosystem management. Ecol Appl 11(6):1573–1585CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Andrews SS, Flora CB, Mitchell JP, Karlen DL (2003) Grower’s perceptions and acceptance of soil quality indices. Geoderma 114:187–213CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Andrews SS, Karlen DL, Mitchell JP (2002b) A comparison of soil quality indexing methods for vegetable production system in Northern California. Agric Ecosyst Environ 90:25–45CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Andrews SS, Mitchell JP, Mancinelli R, Karlen KL, Hartz TK, Horwath WR, Pettygrove GS, Scow KM, Munk DS (2002a) On-farm assessment of soil quality in California’s central valley. Agron J 94:12–23CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Bandick AK, Dick RP (1999) Field management effects on soil enzyme activities. Soil Biol Biochem 31:1471–1479CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Barbier EB (2013) Valuing ecosystem services for coastal wetland protection and restoration: progress and challenges. Resources 2:213–230CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Biswas S, Hazra GC, Purakayastha TJ, Saha N, Mitran T, Roy SS, Basak N, Mandal B (2017) Establishment of critical limits of indicators and indices of soil quality in rice-rice cropping systems under different soil orders. Geoderma 292:34–48CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Blake GR, Hartge KH (1986) Bulk density. In: Klute A (ed) Methods of soil analysis: part 1—physical and mineralogical methods, second ed. SSSA Book Series No. 5. SSSA and ASA, Madison, pp 951–984Google Scholar
  9. Brockett BFT, Prescott CE, Grayston SJ (2012) Soil moisture is the major factor influencing microbial community structure and enzyme activities across seven biogeoclimatic zones in Western Canada. Soil Biol Biochem 44:9–20CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Bünemann EK, Bongiorno G, Bai ZG, Creamer RE, Deyn GD, Goede RD, Fleskens L, Geissen V, Kuyper TW, Mäder P, Pulleman M, Sukkel W, Groenigen JWV, Brussaard L (2018) Soil quality—a critical review. Soil Biol Biochem 120:105–125CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Camacho-Valdez V, Ruiz-Luna A, Ghermandi A, Nunes PALD (2013) Valuation of ecosystem services provided by coastal wetlands in Northwest Mexico. Ocean Coast Manage 78:1–11CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Chen YD, Wang HY, Zhou JM, Xing L, Zhu BS, Zhao YC, Chen XQ (2013) Minimum data set for assessing soil quality in farmland of Northeast China. Pedosphere 23(5):564–576CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Cheng J, Ding C, Li X, Zhang T, Wang X (2016) Soil quality evaluation for navel orange production systems in central subtropical China. Soil Till Res 155:225–232CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Da Silva AF, Barbosa AP, Zimback CRL, Landim PMB, Soares A (2015) Estimation of croplands using indicator kriging and fuzzy classification. Comput Electron Agric 111:1–11, 1Google Scholar
  15. Deng SH, Zeng LT, Guan Q, Li P, Liu MQ, Li HX, Jiao JG (2016) Minimum dataset-based soil quality assessment of waterlogged paddy field in South China. Acta Pedol Sin 53:1326–1333 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  16. Diack M, Stott DE (2001) Development of a soil quality index for the Chalmers silty clay loam from the Midwest USA. In: Stott DE, Mohtar RH, Steinhardt GC (eds), The global farm. Selected Papers from the 10th International Soil Conservation Meeting held on May 24-29, 1999 at Purdue University and the USDA-ARS National Soil Erosion Research Laboratory, USA, pp 550–555Google Scholar
  17. Doran JW, Parkin BT (1994) Defining and assessing soil quality. In: Doran JW, Coleman DC, Bezdicek DF, Stewart BA (eds) Defining soil quality for a sustainable environment. Soil Science Society of America Inc, Madison, pp 3–21Google Scholar
  18. Gong L, Ran QY, He GX, Tiyip T (2015) A soil quality assessment under different land use types in Keriya River Basin, southern Xinjiang, China. Soil Till Res 146:223–229CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Guan SY (1986) Soil enzyme and its research method. Agricultural Publishing House, Beijing (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  20. Guo L, Sun ZH, Zhu QY, Han D, Li F (2017) A comparison of soil quality evaluation methods for Fluvisol along the lower Yellow River. Catena 152:135–143CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Hu W, Shao MA, Wang QJ, Fan J, Reichardt K (2008) Spatial variability of soil hydraulic properties on a steep slope in the Loess Plateau of China. Sci Agr 65(3):268–276CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Jiang TJ, Pan JF, Pu XM, Wang B, Pan JJ (2015) Current status of coastal wetlands in China: degradation, restoration, and future management. Estuar Coasta Shelf S 164:265–275CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Johnson RA, Wichern DW (1992) Applied multivariate statistical analysis. Prentice Hall, Englewood CliffsGoogle Scholar
  24. Karlen DL, Andrews SS, Doran JW, Wienhold BJ (2003) Soil quality: humankind’s foundation for survival. J Soil Water Conserv 58:171–179Google Scholar
  25. Karlen DL, Gardner JC, Rosek MJ (1998) A soil quality framework for evaluating the impact of CRP. J Prod Agric 11:56–60CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Larson WE, Pierce FJ (1994) The dynamics of soil quality as a measure of sustainable management. Defining soil quality for a sustainable environment. Soil Science Society of America, Madison, pp 37–52Google Scholar
  27. Li JG, Pu LJ, Zhu M, Zhang J, Li P, Dai XQ, Xu Y, Liu LL (2014) Evolution of soil properties following reclamation in coastal areas: a review. Geoderma 226-227:130–139CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Li QF, Xi M, Wang QG, Kong FL, Li Y (2018) Characterization of soil salinization in typical estuarine area of the Jiaozhou Bay, China. Phys Chem Earth 103:51–61CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Lin YM, Deng HJ, Du K, Li J, Lin H, Chen C, Loretta F, Wu CZ, Hong T, Zhang GS (2017) Soil quality assessment in different climate zones of China’s Wenchuan earthquake affected region. Soil Till Res 165:315–324CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Liu J, Wu LC, Chen D, Li M, Wei CJ (2017) Soil quality assessment of different Camellia oleifera stands in mid-subtropical China. Appl Soil Ecol 113:29–35CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Liu ZJ, Zhou W, Shen JB, Li ST, He P, Liang GQ (2014) Soil quality assessment of albic soils with different productivities for Eastern China. Soil Till Res 140:74–81CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Lourdes LM, Oscar S, María FA, Miguel AM, Antonio MC (2015) Glomalin accumulated in seagrass sediments reveals past alterations in soil quality due to land-use change. Glob Planet Chang 133:87–95CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Lu RK (2000) Analysis method of soil agricultural chemistry. China Agricultural Science and Technology (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  34. Masto R, Chhonkar P, Singh D, Patra A (2008) Alternative soil quality indices for evaluating the effect of intensive cropping, fertilisation and manuring for 31 years in the semi-arid soils of India. Environ Monit Assess 136:419–435CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Morton RA, Barras JA (2011) Hurricane impacts on coastal wetlands: a half-century record of storm-generated features from southern Louisiana. J Coast Res:27:27–27:43Google Scholar
  36. Mukherjee A, Lal R (2014) Comparison of soil quality index using three methods. PLoS One 9(8):e105981.  https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0105981 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Nabiollahi K, Golmohamadi F, Taghizadeh-Mehrjardi R, Kerry R, Davari M (2018) Assessing the effects of slope gradient and land use change on soil quality degradation through digital mapping of soil quality indices and soil loss rate. Geoderma 318:16–28CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Nabiollahi K, Taghizadeh-Mehrjardi R, Kerry R, Moradian S (2017) Assessment of soil quality indices for salt-affected agricultural land in Kurdistan Province, Iran. Ecol Indic 83:482–494CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Nakajima T, Lal R, Jiang SG (2015) Soil quality index of a Crosby silt loam in Central Ohio. Soil Till Res 146:323–328CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Navas M, Benito M, Rodríguez I, Masaguer A (2011) Effect of five forage legume covers on soil quality at the eastern plains of Venezuela. Appl Soil Ecol 49:242–249CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Nelson DW, Sommers LE (1982) Total carbon, organic carbon, and organic matter. In: Page AL, Miller RH, Keeney DR (eds) Methods of soil snalysis. American Society of Agronomy, Wisconsin, pp 539–579Google Scholar
  42. Qi Y, Darilek JL, Huang B, Zhao Y, Sun W, Gu Z (2009) Evaluating soil quality indices in an agricultural region of Jiangsu Province, China. Geoderma 149:325–334CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Qin MZ, Zhao J (2000) Strategies for sustainable use and characteristics of soil quality changes in urban-rural marginal area: a case study of Kaifeng. Acta Geograph Sin 55:545–554 (in Chinese with English abstract)Google Scholar
  44. Rahmanipour F, Marzaioli R, Hossein Ali B, Fereidouni Z, Sima RB (2014) Assessment of soil quality indices in agricultural lands of Qazvin Province, Iran. Ecol Indic 40:19–26CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Raiesi F (2017) A minimum data set and soil quality index to quantify the effect of land use conversion on soil quality and degradation in native rangelands of upland arid and semiarid regions. Ecol Indic 75:307–320CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Sanchez-Navarro A, Gil-Vazquez JM, Delgado-Iniesta MJ, Marin-Sanleandro P, Blanco-Bernardeau A, Ortiz-Silla R (2015) Establishing an index and identification of limiting parameters for characterizing soil quality in Mediterranean ecosystems. Catena 131:35–45CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Sun X, Li YF, Zhu XD, Cao K, Feng L (2017) Integrative assessment and management implications on ecosystem services loss of coastal wetlands due to reclamation. J Clean Prod 163:S101–S112CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Unger IM, Kennedy AC, Muzika RM (2009) Flooding effects on soil microbial communities. Appl Soil Ecol 42:1–8CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Vasu D, Singh SK, Ray SK, Duraisami VP, Tiwary P, Chandran P, Nimkar AM, Anantwar SG (2016) Soil quality index (SQI) as a tool to evaluate crop productivity in semi-arid Deccan Plateau, India. Geoderma 282:70–79CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Wander MM, Bollero GA (1999) Soil quality assessment of tillage impacts in Illinois. Soil Sci Soc Am J 63:961–971CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Wang XJ, Gong ZT (1998) Assessment and analysis of soil quality changes after eleven years of reclamation in subtropical China. Geoderma 81:339–355CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Xie XF, Pu LJ, Wang QQ, Zhu M, Xu Y, Zhang M (2017) Response of soil physicochemical properties and enzyme activities to long-term reclamation of coastal saline soil, Eastern China. Sci Total Environ 607-608:1419–1427CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Xu MX, Liu GB, Zhao YG (2005) Assessment indicators of soil quality in hilly Loess Plateau. Chin J Appl Ecol 16:1843–1848 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  54. Xue YJ, Liu SG, Hu YM, Yang JF (2010) Soil quality assessment using weighted fuzzy association rules. Pedosphere 20:334–341CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Yang W, Li N, Leng X, Qiao YJ, Cheng XL, An SQ (2016) The impact of sea embankment reclamation on soil organic carbon and nitrogen pools in invasive Spartina alterniflora and native Suaeda salsa salt marshes in Eastern China. Ecol Eng 97:582–592CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Yemefack M, Jet’ten VG, Rossiter DG (2006) Developing a minimum data set for characterizing soil dynamics in shifting cultivation systems. Soil Till Res 86:84–98CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Zhang GL, Bai JH, Xi M, Zhao QQ, Lu QQ, Jia J (2016) Soil quality assessment of coastal wetlands in the Yellow River Delta of China based on the minimum data set. Ecol Indic 66:458–466CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. Zhang W, Zhou GW, Min W, Ma LJ, Hou ZA (2014) Effects of drip irrigation with saline water on cotton yield, soil physical and chemical properties, and soil N2O emission. J Agro-Environ Sci 33(8):1583–1590Google Scholar
  59. Zhang YH, Ding WX, Luo JF, Andrea D (2010) Changes in soil organic carbon dynamics in an Eastern Chinese coastal wetland following invasion by a C4 plant Spartina alterniflora. Soil Biol Biochem 42:1712–1720CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. Zhao Q, Jian S, Nunan N, Maestre FT, Tedersoo L, He J, Wei H, Tan XP, Shen WJ (2017b) Altered precipitation seasonality impacts the dominant fungal but rare bacterial taxa in subtropical forest soils. Biol Fertil Soils 53:231–245CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. Zhao QQ, Bai JH, Huang LB, Gu BH, Lu QQ (2016) A review of methodologies and success indicators for coastal wetland restoration. Ecol Indic 60:442–452CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. Zhao QQ, Bai JH, Lu QQ, Zhang GL (2017a) Effects of salinity on dynamics of soil carbon in degraded coastal wetlands: implications on wetland restoration. Phys Chem Earth 97:12–18CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. Zhao QQ, Bai JH, Zhang GL, Jia J, Wang W, Wang X (2018) Effects of water and salinity regulation measures on soil carbon sequestration in coastal wetlands of the Yellow River Delta. Geoderma 319:219–229CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. Zhou J, Chen B, Yu WW, Huang H (2011) Study on coastal wetland habitat quality evaluation in Quanzhou Bay, Fujian, China. Acta Ecol Sin 31:264–270CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xuanxuan Xian
    • 1
  • Mingyue Pang
    • 1
  • Junlong Zhang
    • 1
  • Meike Zhu
    • 1
  • Fanlong Kong
    • 1
    Email author
  • Min Xi
    • 1
  1. 1.College of Environmental Sciences and EngineeringQingdao UniversityQingdaoChina

Personalised recommendations