Advertisement

What determines academic entrepreneurship success? A social identity perspective

  • Feng Guo
  • Bo ZouEmail author
  • Jinyu Guo
  • Yan Shi
  • Qingwen Bo
  • Liangxing Shi
Article

Abstract

Universities and institutes are increasingly recognized as important sources in national innovation systems. As such, an increasing number of academics are participating in entrepreneurial and other commercial activities, and the topic of academic entrepreneurship has attracted wide attention. This paper aims to explore the effect of entrepreneurial identification on academic entrepreneurship from the social identity theory viewpoint and consider the effects of context (social capital inertia, entrepreneurial narrative). On the basis of 248 academic entrepreneur samples, empirical results indicate that the relationship between entrepreneurial identification and academic entrepreneurship performance is positive. In addition, the abovementioned relationship is negatively moderated by social capital inertia while positively moderated by entrepreneurial narrative. Moreover, entrepreneurial identification is best for academic entrepreneurship performance in the context of low levels of social capital inertia and high levels of entrepreneurial narrative. Theoretical contributions, practical implications, limitation and future research are discussed.

Keywords

Academic entrepreneurship Social identity Entrepreneurial narrative Social capital inertia Performance 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We would like to acknowledge the editor’s contribution and show appreciation to the reviewers for their helpful comments and recommendations. This research was funded by National Natural Science Foundation of China (Award #: 71672049) and Major Projects of the Tianjin Municipal Education Committee (Award #: 2016JWZD07).

References

  1. Abreu, M., & Grinevich, V. (2013). The nature of academic entrepreneurship in the UK: Widening the focus on entrepreneurial activities. Research Policy, 42(2), 408–422.Google Scholar
  2. Ahl, H., Berglund, K., Pettersson, K., & Tillmar, M. (2016). From feminism to FemInc.Ism: On the uneasy relationship between feminism, entrepreneurship and the Nordic welfare state. International Entrepreneurship & Management Journal, 12(2), 369–392.Google Scholar
  3. Aiken, L. S., West, S. G., & Reno, R. R. (1991). Multiple regression: Testing and interpreting interactions. Newbury Park: Sage.Google Scholar
  4. Almobaireek, W. N., Alshumaimeri, A. A., & Manolova, T. S. (2016). Building entrepreneurial inter-firm networks in an emerging economy: The role of cognitive legitimacy. International Entrepreneurship & Management Journal, 12(1), 87–114.Google Scholar
  5. Audretsch, D. B., & Kayalar-Erdem, D. (2005). Determinants of scientist entrepreneurship: an integrative research agenda. In Handbook of Entrepreneurship Research (pp. 97–118): Springer.Google Scholar
  6. Balven, R., Fenters, V., Siegel, D. S., & Waldman, D. (2018). Academic entrepreneurship: The roles of identity, motivation, championing, education, work-life balance, and organizational justice. Academy of Management Perspectives, 32(1), 21–42.Google Scholar
  7. Bartunek, J. M., & Rynes, S. L. (2014). Academics and practitioners are alike and unlike the paradoxes of academic–practitioner relationships. Journal of Management, 40(5), 1181–1201.Google Scholar
  8. Brouard, F., Bujaki, M., Durocher, S., & Neilson, L. C. (2017). Professional accountants’ identity formation: An integrative framework. Journal of Business Ethics, 142(2), 225–238.Google Scholar
  9. Carswell, M., & Rae, D. (2000). Using a life-story approach in researching entrepreneurial learning: The development of a conceptual model and its implications in the design of learning experiences. Education & Training, 42(4/5), 220–228(229).Google Scholar
  10. Carswell, M., & Rae, D. (2001). Towards a conceptual understanding of entrepreneurial learning. Journal of Small Business & Enterprise Development, 8(2), 150–158.Google Scholar
  11. Chang, Y.-C., Yang, P. Y., Martin, B. R., Chi, H.-R., & Tsai-Lin, T.-F. (2016). Entrepreneurial universities and research ambidexterity: A multilevel analysis. Technovation, 54, 7–21.Google Scholar
  12. Chrisman, J. J., Bauerschmidt, A., & Hofer, C. W. (1998). The determinants of new venture performance: An extended model. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 23, 5–30.Google Scholar
  13. Cohen, J., Cohen, P., West, S. G., & Aiken, L. S. (2003). Applied multiple regression/correlation analysis for the behavioral sciences (3rd ed.). Hillsdale: Erlbaum.Google Scholar
  14. Cui, L., Fan, D., Guo, F., & Fan, Y. (2018). Explicating the relationship of entrepreneurial orientation and firm performance: Underlying mechanisms in the context of an emerging market. Industrial Marketing Management, 71, 27–40.Google Scholar
  15. Cumming, D., Hou, W., & Lee, E. (2016). Business ethics and finance in greater China: Synthesis and future directions in sustainability, CSR, and fraud. Journal of Business Ethics, 138(4), 601–626.Google Scholar
  16. Dillman, D. A. (2000). Mail and internet surveys: The tailored design method. New York: Wiley.Google Scholar
  17. Ding, W., & Choi, E. (2011). Divergent paths to commercial science: A comparison of scientists’ founding and advising activities. Research Policy, 40(1), 69–80.Google Scholar
  18. Feng, T., & Wang, D. (2013). Supply chain involvement for better product development performance. Industrial Management & Data Systems, 113(2), 190–206.Google Scholar
  19. Fornell, C., & Larcker, D. F. (1981). Evaluating structural equation models with unobservable variables and measurement error. Journal of Marketing Research, 18(1), 39–50.Google Scholar
  20. Forret, M. L., & Dougherty, T. W. (2001). Correlates of networking behavior for managerial and professional employees. Group & Organization Management, 26(3), 283–311.Google Scholar
  21. Garland, E. L., Fredrickson, B., Kring, A. M., Johnson, D. P., Meyer, P. S., & Penn, D. L. (2010). Upward spirals of positive emotions counter downward spirals of negativity: Insights from the broaden-and-build theory and affective neuroscience on the treatment of emotion dysfunctions and deficits in psychopathology. Clinical Psychology Review, 30(7), 849–864.Google Scholar
  22. Gartner, W. B. (2007). Entrepreneurial narrative and a science of the imagination. Journal of Business Venturing, 22(5), 613–627.Google Scholar
  23. Grimaldi, R., Kenney, M., Siegel, D. S., & Wright, M. (2011). 30 years after Bayh–dole: Reassessing academic entrepreneurship. Research Policy, 40(8), 1045–1057.Google Scholar
  24. Guan, Y., Yang, W., Zhou, X., Tian, Z., & Eves, A. (2016). Predicting Chinese human resource managers' strategic competence: Roles of identity, career variety, organizational support and career adaptability. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 92, 116–124.Google Scholar
  25. Han, X., & Niosi, J. (2016). Star scientists in PV technology and the limits of academic entrepreneurship. Journal of Business Research, 69(5), 1707–1711.Google Scholar
  26. Haslam, C., Holme, A., Haslam, S. A., Iyer, A., Jetten, J., & Williams, W. H. (2008). Maintaining group memberships: Social identity continuity predicts well-being after stroke. Neuropsychological Rehabilitation, 18(5–6), 671–691.Google Scholar
  27. Hayter, C. S. (2016). Constraining entrepreneurial development: A knowledge-based view of social networks among academic entrepreneurs. Research Policy, 45(2), 475–490.Google Scholar
  28. Heavey, C., & Simsek, Z. (2017). Distributed cognition in top management teams and organizational ambidexterity the influence of Transactive memory systems. Journal of Management, 43(3), 919–945.Google Scholar
  29. Hekman, D. R., Bigley, G. A., Steensma, H. K., & Hereford, J. F. (2009a). Combined effects of organizational and professional identification on the reciprocity dynamic for professional employees. Academy of Management Journal, 52(3), 506–526.Google Scholar
  30. Hekman, D. R., Steensma, H. K., Bigley, G. A., & Hereford, J. F. (2009b). Effects of organizational and professional identification on the relationship between administrators’ social influence and professional employees’ adoption of new work behavior. Journal of Applied Psychology, 94(5), 1325–1335.Google Scholar
  31. Hekman, D. R., Van Knippenberg, D., & Pratt, M. G. (2016). Channeling identification: How perceived regulatory focus moderates the influence of organizational and professional identification on professional employees’ diagnosis and treatment behaviors. Human Relations, 69(3), 753–780.Google Scholar
  32. Hmieleski, K. M., & Powell, E. E. (2018). The psychological foundations of university science commercialization: A review of the literature and directions for future research. Academy of Management Perspectives, 32(1), 43–77.Google Scholar
  33. Hogg, M. A., Terry, D. J., & White, K. M. (1995). A tale of two theories: A critical comparison of identity theory with social identity theory. Social Psychology Quarterly, 58(4), 255–269.Google Scholar
  34. Holmes, R. M., Zahra, S. A., Hoskisson, R. E., DeGhetto, K., & Sutton, T. (2016). Two-way streets: The role of institutions and technology policy in firms’ corporate entrepreneurship and political strategies. The Academy of Management Perspectives, 30(3), 247–272.Google Scholar
  35. Huang, H. C. (2016). Entrepreneurial resources and speed of entrepreneurial success in an emerging market: The moderating effect of entrepreneurship. International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal, 12(1), 1–26.Google Scholar
  36. Huyghe, A., Knockaert, M., & Obschonka, M. (2016). Unraveling the “passion orchestra” in academia. Journal of Business Venturing, 31(3), 344–364.Google Scholar
  37. Jain, S., George, G., & Maltarich, M. (2009). Academics or entrepreneurs? Investigating role identity modification of university scientists involved in commercialization activity. Research Policy, 38(6), 922–935.Google Scholar
  38. Lam, A. (2011). What motivates academic scientists to engage in research commercialization:‘gold’,‘ribbon’or ‘puzzle’? Research Policy, 40(10), 1354–1368.Google Scholar
  39. Lance, C. E. (1988). Residual centering, exploratory and confirmatory moderator analysis, and decomposition of effects in path models containing interactions. Applied Psychological Measurement, 12(2), 163–175.Google Scholar
  40. Li, J. F., & Garnsey, E. (2014). Policy-driven ecosystems for new vaccine development. Technovation, 34(12), 762–772.Google Scholar
  41. Li, C.-R., Chu, C.-P., & Lin, C.-J. (2010). The contingent value of exploratory and exploitative learning for new product development performance. Industrial Marketing Management, 39(7), 1186–1197.Google Scholar
  42. Martens, M. L., Jennings, J. E., & Jennings, P. D. (2007). Do the stories they tell get them the money they need? The role of entrepreneurial narratives in resource acquisition. Academy of Management Journal, 50(5), 1107–1132.Google Scholar
  43. Maurer, I., & Ebers, M. (2006). Dynamics of social capital and their performance implications: Lessons from biotechnology start-ups. Administrative Science Quarterly, 51(2), 262–292.Google Scholar
  44. Nerur, S. P., Rasheed, A. A., & Natarajan, V. (2008). The intellectual structure of the strategic management field: An author co-citation analysis. Strategic Management Journal, 29(3), 319–336.Google Scholar
  45. Nikiforou, A., Zabara, T., Clarysse, B., & Gruber, M. (2018). The role of teams in academic spin-offs. Academy of Management Perspectives, 32(1), 78–103.Google Scholar
  46. O’Kane, C. (2016). Technology transfer executives' backwards integration: An examination of interactions between university technology transfer executives and principal investigators. Technovation.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.technovation.2016.08.001.
  47. Obschonka, M., Goethner, M., Silbereisen, R. K., & Cantner, U. (2012). Social identity and the transition to entrepreneurship: The role of group identification with workplace peers. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 80(1), 137–147.Google Scholar
  48. Podsakoff, P. M., MacKenzie, S. B., Lee, J.-Y., & Podsakoff, N. P. (2003). Common method biases in behavioral research: A critical review of the literature and recommended remedies. Journal of Applied Psychology, 88(5), 879–903.Google Scholar
  49. Ren, S., Shu, R., Bao, Y., & Chen, X. (2016). Linking network ties to entrepreneurial opportunity discovery and exploitation: The role of affective and cognitive trust. International Entrepreneurship & Management Journal, 12(2), 465–485.Google Scholar
  50. Richter, A. W., West, M. A., Van Dick, R., & Dawson, J. F. (2006). Boundary Spanners' identification, intergroup contact, and effective intergroup relations. Academy of Management Journal, 49(6), 1252–1269.Google Scholar
  51. Roberts, E. B. (1991). Entrepreneurs in high technology: Lessons from MIT and beyond. New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  52. Schmitz, A., Urbano, D., Dandolini, G. A., Souza, J. A. D., & Guerrero, M. (2017). Innovation and entrepreneurship in the academic setting: A systematic literature review. International Entrepreneurship & Management Journal, 13(2), 369–395.Google Scholar
  53. Seguí-Mas, E., Oltra, V., Tormo-Carbó, G., & Sarrión-Viñes, F. (2017). Rowing against the wind: How do times of austerity shape academic entrepreneurship in unfriendly environments? International Entrepreneurship & Management Journal, 1–42.Google Scholar
  54. Smith, R., & Anderson, A. R. (2009). The devil is in the E-tale: Forms and structures in the entrepreneurial narratives. Rochester: Social Science Electronic Publishing.Google Scholar
  55. Song, M., Droge, C., Hanvanich, S., & Calantone, R. (2005). Marketing and technology resource complementarity: An analysis of their interaction effect in two environmental contexts. Strategic Management Journal, 26(3), 259–276.Google Scholar
  56. Tajfel, H. (1974). Social identity and intergroup behaviour. Information (International Social Science Council), 13(2), 65–93.Google Scholar
  57. Trivedi, R. H. (2017). Entrepreneurial-intention constraint model: A comparative analysis among post-graduate management students in India, Singapore and Malaysia. International Entrepreneurship & Management Journal, 13(5), 1–23.Google Scholar
  58. Tse, Y. K., Matthews, R. L., Hua Tan, K., Sato, Y., & Pongpanich, C. (2016). Unlocking supply chain disruption risk within the Thai beverage industry. Industrial Management & Data Systems, 116(1), 21–42.Google Scholar
  59. Tugade, M. M., & Fredrickson, B. L. (2004). Resilient individuals use positive emotions to bounce back from negative emotional experiences. Journal of Personality & Social Psychology, 86(2), 320.Google Scholar
  60. Umphress, E. E., Bingham, J. B., & Mitchell, M. S. (2010). Unethical behavior in the name of the company: The moderating effect of organizational identification and positive reciprocity beliefs on unethical pro-organizational behavior. Journal of Applied Psychology, 95(4), 769–780.Google Scholar
  61. Vough, H. (2012). Not all identifications are created equal: Exploring employee accounts for workgroup, organizational, and professional identification. Organization Science, 23(3), 778–800.Google Scholar
  62. Vough, H., & Caza, B. (2017). Where do I go from here? Sensemaking and the construction of growth-based stories in the wake of denied promotions. Academy of Management Review, 42(1), 103–128.Google Scholar
  63. Wakkee, I., & Sleebos, E. (2015). Giving second chances: The impact of personal attitudes of bankers on their willingness to provide credit to renascent entrepreneurs. International Entrepreneurship & Management Journal, 11(4), 719–742.Google Scholar
  64. Walter, S. G., Schmidt, A., & Walter, A. (2016). Patenting rationales of academic entrepreneurs in weak and strong organizational regimes. Research Policy, 45(2), 533–545.Google Scholar
  65. Wetzels, M., Odekerken-Schröder, G., & Van Oppen, C. (2009). Using PLS path modeling for assessing hierarchical construct models: Guidelines and empirical illustration. MIS Quarterly, 33(1), 177–195.Google Scholar
  66. Wright, M., & Phan, P. (2018). The commercialization of science: From determinants to impact. The Academy of Management Perspectives, 32(1), 1–3.Google Scholar
  67. Würmseher, M. (2017). To each his own: Matching different entrepreneurial models to the academic scientist's individual needs. Technovation, 59, 1–17.Google Scholar
  68. Yuan, L., & Chen, X. (2015). Managerial learning and new product innovativeness in high-tech industries: Curvilinear effect and the role of multilevel institutional support. Industrial Marketing Management, 50, 51–59.Google Scholar
  69. Zhang, Y., Waldman, D. A., Han, Y.-L., & Li, X.-B. (2015). Paradoxical leader behaviors in people management: Antecedents and consequences. Academy of Management Journal, 58(2), 538–566.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of Management and EconomicsTianjin UniversityTianjinChina
  2. 2.School of ManagementHarbin Institute of TechnologyHarbinChina

Personalised recommendations