Marine alga “Bifurcaria bifurcata”: biosorption of Reactive Blue 19 and methylene blue from aqueous solutions

  • Said Bouzikri
  • Nadia Ouasfi
  • Naoual Benzidia
  • Anas Salhi
  • Salem Bakkas
  • Layachi KhamlicheEmail author
Industrial and Environmental Processes for Water Treatment and Reuse


In this study, we have investigated the removal efficiency of two organic pollutants: methylene blue (MB) and Reactive Blue 19 (RB19) dyes by using a brown marine alga abundantly available on the Moroccan coastlines called Bifurcaria bifurcata (Bif-Bcata). During the experiments that were conducted in batch mode, we have studied the effect of some parameters such as pH, Bif-Bcata mass, contact time, and initial dye concentration in order to optimize the most suitable biosorption conditions. The biosorption tests on Bif-Bcata showed that the equilibrium is reached after 15 min for both dyes MB and RB19. The optimal pH values are 5.6 and 1.0 for MB and RB19, respectively. Kinetic studies revealed that the biosorption of both dyes follows the pseudo-second-order model. The biosorption isotherms demonstrated that the Langmuir model is the most appropriate to describe the biosorption equilibrium for both dyes MB and RB19 with maximum biosorption capacities reaching 2744.5 mg/g for MB and 88.7 mg/g for RB19. According to these results, it is clear that Bif-Bcata can be considered a promising biomaterial to be used as an effective biosorbent for the elimination of cationic and anionic dyes from textile effluents.


Biosorption Alga Bifurcaria bifurcata Methylene blue Reactive Blue 19 



The authors gratefully acknowledge the CUR CA2D and Littomer of Chouaïb Doukkali University (El Jadida-Morocco) for their support. The authors would also like to thank Professors Charafeddine Jama (University of Lille) and Fouad Bentiss (Faculty of Sciences, UCD, El Jadida) for their valuable collaboration.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Chemistry Department, Faculty of Science, Laboratory of Organic Chemistry, Bioorganic and EnvironmentUniversity Chouaïb DoukkaliEl JadidaMorocco

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