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Distribution and risk analysis of heavy metals in sediments from the Yangtze River Estuary, China

  • Xiao Wang
  • Baolin LiuEmail author
  • Wensi Zhang
Research Article

Abstract

Sediments core within the Yangtze River Estuary was collected for metal and grain size analysis. The vertical distribution characteristics of eight metals along the core were investigated based on 137Cs and 210Pb radionuclide dating. The sediment was mainly composed of sand and silt. The metals concentrations were Al, 4.67–6.83; Fe, 2.3–3.94; Mn, 0.046–0.07; Cr, 69.5–103; Cu, 14.3–32.1; Zn, 47.3–96.7; Cd, 0.037–0.212; Pb, 13.7–23; Ni, 18.8–38.9 (mg·kg−1, except Al, Fe, and Mn as %), respectively. Geoaccumulation indexes (Igeo) indicated that Cu, Zn, and Pb were of pollution-free level; Cd, Cr, and Ni were in a slight polluted level. Based on potential ecological risk factors (EI), Cd posed a moderate risk to the local environment. Correlation analysis showed that Fe, Al, and Mn had a close association with Cu, Zn, Pb, and Ni at p < 0.01. Clay was significantly correlated with other metals except Cr and Cd.

Keywords

Heavy metals Grain size Ecological risk Sediments Yangtze River Estuary 

Notes

Funding information

This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (41106108) and Special Fund for Public Welfare Industrial Research of the Ministry of Land and Resources of China (201011019-05).

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Ocean SciencesChina University of Geosciences (Beijing)BeijingChina

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