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Historical evolutions of sediment quality in bays under serious anthropogenic influences in China, basing on fuzzy comprehensive assessment of heavy metals

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Abstract

Fuzzy comprehensive assessment was applied, for the first time, to investigate the sediment environmental quality and compare the historical variations of heavy metal pollution in Daya Bay and Jiaozhou Bay, which are representative for sub-tropical and temperate zone of China, respectively. Results shown the Daya Bay had undergone three contrasting stages in the past 100 years. Before 1980s, the sediment was not contaminated by metals and its quality generally conformed to class I of China National Standard for marine sediment quality. During from 1980s to 2000s, however, Daya Bay’s environment had experienced significant deterioration. The metal concentrations were significantly higher than the background values, suggesting that there was a sharp increase of metal input. The category of sediment quality fell to class II and class III. Copper was the dominant pollutant during that time. The good thing is sediment quality of Daya Bay has improved to class I since 2000s, and chromium turned to be the major pollutant. As for the Jiaozhou Bay, enrichment of heavy metal was generally not detected and the sediment quality strictly conformed to class I during the recent 90 years. Chromium and zinc were the major pollutants in this bay.

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Acknowledgments

We are thankful for Dr. Jiangwei Xing and Dr. Qian Zhang for their helpful work during the field investigation. We are also grateful to the anonymous reviewers for helpful comments on the manuscript.

Funding information

This work was supported by the National Key Project for Basic Research of China (No. 2015CB452902), the Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 41806133), and the National Natural Science Foundation of China-Shandong Joint Fund (No. U1406404).

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Correspondence to Jinming Song.

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Qu, B., Song, J., Yuan, H. et al. Historical evolutions of sediment quality in bays under serious anthropogenic influences in China, basing on fuzzy comprehensive assessment of heavy metals. Environ Sci Pollut Res (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-019-07337-7

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Keywords

  • Fuzzy comprehensive
  • Marine sediment
  • Heavy metal
  • Bay