Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Qualitative and quantitative analysis of the relationship between water pollution and economic growth: a case study in Nansi Lake catchment, China

  • 43 Accesses

Abstract

Investigation of water pollution–economic growth nexus is an important component for the sustainable development of eco-environment and socio-economy. This study combined the improved Grey relational degree (GRD) model with the environmental Kuznets curve (EKC) to quantitatively and qualitatively investigate the relationships between water pollution and economic growth in Nansi Lake catchment (Jining, Zaozhuang, and Heze) under the context of the Five-Year Plan in Shandong. Results showed that the relational degree of industrial wastewater and economic growth was Heze (0.652) > Zaozhuang (0.581) > Jining (0.538), and of domestic wastewater and economic growth was Jining (0.722) > Heze (0.721) > Zaozhuang (0.650). Meanwhile, the EKC of industrial wastewater rose and then declined, whereas that of domestic wastewater increased upwards. Overall, coordinated development had been gradually obtained between industrial wastewater emissions and economic growth. And, uncoordinated development between domestic wastewater emissions and economic growth still existed, indeed, in recent years it had intensified. Further, domestic wastewater emissions continue to rise, to the point where they now constitute one of the main sources of water pollution in Nansi Lake catchment. Results of this study indicated that combining the improved GRD model with the EKC provides a new approach to comprehensive investigation of the water pollution–economic growth nexus from a qualitative and quantitative perspective.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4
Fig. 5
Fig. 6
Fig. 7

References

  1. Akbostancı E, Türüt-Aşık S, Tunç Gİ (2009) The relationship between income and environment in Turkey: is there an environmental Kuznets curve? Energy Policy 37:861–867

  2. Apergis N, Ozturk I (2015) Testing environmental Kuznets curve hypothesis in Asian countries. Ecol Indic 52:16–22

  3. Camerer CF (2011) Behavioral game theory: experiments in strategic interaction. Princeton University Press

  4. Dasgupta S, Laplante B, Wang H, Wheeler D (2002) Confronting the environmental Kuznets curve. J Econ Perspect 16:147–168

  5. Diao XD, Zeng SX, Tam CM, Tam VWY (2009) EKC analysis for studying economic growth and environmental quality: a case study in China. J Clean Prod 17:541–548

  6. Eldridge SM, Ashby D, Kerry S (2006) Sample size for cluster randomized trials: effect of coefficient of variation of cluster size and analysis method. Int J Epidemiol 35:1292–1300

  7. Fodha M, Zaghdoud O (2010) Economic growth and pollutant emissions in Tunisia: an empirical analysis of the environmental Kuznets curve. Energy Policy 38:1150–1156

  8. Gao Z, Miao X, Zou C (2004) EKC characteristics in Jiangsu Province. Rural Eco-environment (01):41-43+59 (in Chinese)

  9. Grossman GM, Krueger AB (1991) Environmental impacts of a North American free trade agreement. National Bureau of Economic Research

  10. Guo R, Yang K (2003) Political economy of transnational water pollution: what do the LMB data (1985–2000) say? Environ Manag 32:433–444. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00267-003-0016-3

  11. Hao J (2008) Residents’ knowledge, perceptions, attitudes, and willingness to pay for non-point source pollution control: a study of Nansihu Lake watershed, China. The Ohio State University

  12. Hettige H, Mani M, Wheeler D (2000) Industrial pollution in economic development: the environmental Kuznets curve revisited. J Dev Econ 62:445–476

  13. Hu Y, Cheng H (2013) Water pollution during China’s industrial transition. Environ Dev 8:57–73

  14. Kijima M, Nishide K, Ohyama A (2010) Economic models for the environmental Kuznets curve: a survey. J Econ Dyn Control 34:1187–1201

  15. Kuo Y, Yang T, Huang G-W (2008) The use of grey relational analysis in solving multiple attribute decision-making problems. Comput Ind Eng 55:80–93

  16. Lai C, Chen X, Chen X et al (2015) A fuzzy comprehensive evaluation model for flood risk based on the combination weight of game theory. Nat Hazards 77:1243–1259

  17. Lee C-C, Chiu Y-B, Sun C-H (2010) The environmental Kuznets curve hypothesis for water pollution: do regions matter? Energy Policy 38:12–23

  18. Li C, Shao B, Peng L (2011) Shift-share analysis of industrial structure in southern four Lakes Basin. J Anhui Agric Sci 39(07):4143–4145 (in Chinese)

  19. Liu E, Shen J, Zhang E et al (2010) A geochemical record of recent anthropogenic nutrient loading and enhanced productivity in Lake Nansihu, China. J Paleolimnol 44:15–24

  20. Liu X, Wang W, Lu S, Wang YF, Ren Z (2016) Analysis of the relationship between economic growth and industrial pollution in Zaozhuang, China—based on the hypothesis of the environmental Kuznets curve. Environ Sci Pollut Res 23:16349–16358

  21. Liu T, Deng Y, Chan F (2018) Evidential supplier selection based on DEMATEL and game theory. Int J Fuzzy Syst 20:1321–1333

  22. Liu Y, Zhang Z, Zhang F (2019) Challenges for water security and sustainable socio-economic development: a case study of industrial, domestic water use and pollution Management in Shandong, China. Water 11:1630

  23. Luo S, Ma W, Wang X et al (2003) A case study onindicator system of urban environmental protection and ecological construction. Acta Ecol Sin 23:45–55

  24. Ng DKW (1994) Grey system and Grey relational model. SIGICE Bull 20:2–9

  25. Nguyen HT, Aviso KB, Kojima N, Tokai A (2018) Structural analysis of the interrelationship between economic activities and water pollution in Vietnam in the period of 2000–2011. Clean Techn Environ Policy 20:621–638

  26. Orubu CO, Omotor DG (2011) Environmental quality and economic growth: searching for environmental Kuznets curves for air and water pollutants in Africa. Energy Policy 39:4178–4188

  27. Paudel KP, Zapata H, Susanto D (2005) An empirical test of environmental Kuznets curve for water pollution. Environ Resour Econ 31:325–348

  28. Peng L, Yan Z, Shao B et al (2012) Analysis of water pollution caused by the development of three industries in Nansi Lake basin. Shandong Sci 25(2):33–37 (in Chinese)

  29. Rashid Gill A, Viswanathan KK, Hassan S (2018) The environmental Kuznets curve (EKC) and the environmental problem of the day. Renew Sust Energ Rev 81:1636–1642

  30. Robalino-López A, Mena-Nieto Á, García-Ramos J-E, Golpe AA (2015) Studying the relationship between economic growth, CO2 emissions, and the environmental Kuznets curve in Venezuela (1980–2025). Renew Sust Energ Rev 41:602–614

  31. Stern DI (2004) The rise and fall of the environmental Kuznets curve. World Dev 32:1419–1439

  32. Sun Y, Liu N, Shang J, Zhang J (2017) Sustainable utilization of water resources in China: a system dynamics model. J Clean Prod 142:613–625

  33. Thompson A (2014) Environmental Kuznets curve for water pollution: the case of border countries. Mod Econ 05:66

  34. Tian C, Pei H, Hu W, Xie J (2012) Variation of cyanobacteria with different environmental conditions in Nansi Lake, China. J Environ Sci 24:1394–1402

  35. Tian Y, Gao Z, Cui H et al (2013) Study of urbanization development, sewage discharge, and underground water resources in Shandong Province. Water Resour Prot 1:73–76 (in Chinese)

  36. Wang Y, Zhang Y, Zheng W (2003) Water resources and potential of seawater desalination in Shandong peninsula. Desalination 157:269–276

  37. Wang J, Yang L, Wang Y, et al (2015) Research on the relationship between economic growth and heavy metals pollution of lake sediments in Nansi Lake Basin. In: Adv. Mater. Res

  38. Wang W, Liu X, Wang Y, Guo X, Lu S (2016) Analysis of point source pollution and water environmental quality variation trends in the Nansi Lake basin from 2002 to 2012. Environ Sci Pollut Res 23:4886–4897

  39. Wang B, Liu L, Huang G (2017) Retrospective and prospective analysis of water use and point source pollution from an economic perspective—a case study of Urumqi, China. Environ Sci Pollut Res 24:26016–26028

  40. Wu P, Tan M (2012) Challenges for sustainable urbanization: a case study of water shortage and water environment changes in Shandong, China. Procedia Environ Sci 13:919–927

  41. Wu Y, Lu Z, An B (2011) The dynamic study on total volume of wastewater discharge in China during 1985-2008. Sci-Tech Inform Dev Econ 21(17):183–185 (in Chinese)

  42. Xu P, Gao W, Zhou F et al (2013) New approach to assess the aquatic effects of watershed socio-economic development and its application in Lake Nansihu. Acta Sci Circumst 33(08):2285–2295 (in Chinese)

  43. Zhang Q (2009) The south-to-north water transfer project of China: environmental implications and monitoring Strategy1. JAWRA J Am Water Resour Assoc 45(5):1238–1247

  44. Zhang Y, Wang X (2017) Relationship between water pollution and economic development of Shandong Province: regression analysis based on model EKC. Environ Sanit Eng 25(06):44–47 (in Chinese)

  45. Zhang J, Xia X, Jia C et al (2009) Analysis of scenario and factors on China’s urban wastewater emission. Resour Dev Market 25(05):397–399 (in Chinese)

  46. Zhang L, Wang Z, Lian Y et al (2015) Evaluation of water use structure and regulation to balance supply and demand in the Nansi Lake basin, China. Sustain Water Resour Manag 1:325–334

  47. Zhang X, Mei C, Chen D, Li J (2016) Feature selection in mixed data: a method using a novel fuzzy rough set-based information entropy. Pattern Recogn 56:1–15

  48. Zhang C, Wang Y, Song X et al (2017) An integrated specification for the nexus of water pollution and economic growth in China: panel cointegration, long-run causality and environmental Kuznets curve. Sci Total Environ 609:319–328

  49. Zhang B, Cui B, Zhang S, Wu QY, Yao L (2018a) Source apportionment of nitrogen and phosphorus from non-point source pollution in Nansi Lake Basin, China. Environ Sci Pollut Res 25:19101–19113

  50. Zhang Z, Wang W, Qu S et al (2018b) A new perspective to explore the hydraulic connectivity of karst aquifer system in Jinan spring catchment, China. Water 10:1368

  51. Zhao F, Shao B, Zhu Y (2012) Analysis on the tertiary industry in Nansihu Basin. J Anhui Agric Sci 40(9):5413–5415 (in Chinese)

Download references

Funding

This research work was financially supported by Key R&D plan of Shandong province in 2019 (Public Welfare Project) (2019GSF110016) and the Natural Science Foundation of Shandong Province (ZR2016DM10).

Author information

Correspondence to Liyuan Yang.

Additional information

Publisher’s note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Responsible editor: Nicholas Apergis

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Liu, Y., Yang, L. & Jiang, W. Qualitative and quantitative analysis of the relationship between water pollution and economic growth: a case study in Nansi Lake catchment, China. Environ Sci Pollut Res 27, 4008–4020 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-019-07005-w

Download citation

Keywords

  • Water pollution
  • Economic growth
  • Improved Grey relational degree model
  • Environmental Kuznets curve
  • The Five-Year Plan
  • Nansi Lake catchment