Advertisement

Uncovering residents’ behaviors, attitudes, and WTP for recycling e-waste: a case study of Zhuhai city, China

  • Kaihan Cai
  • Qingbin SongEmail author
  • Shaohong Peng
  • Wenyi Yuan
  • Yangyang Liang
  • Jinhui Li
Research Article
  • 53 Downloads

Abstract

China is among the countries facing the most serious pollution effects of e-waste. Many studies have focused on e-waste recycling laws and regulations, recycling technologies, and the pollution situation in China. However, there is a lack of case studies from the perspective of the residents’ attitudes and opinions about e-waste recycling. Based on 474 families surveyed by questionnaire, this study, taking Zhuhai City as one example, investigated residents’ behaviors and attitudes toward e-waste disposal, and their willingness to pay (WTP) for e-waste recycling. A majority (76.4%) of respondents realized that the improper treatment of e-waste would cause serious threats to the environment and human health. Only 38.2% of respondents were willing to pay for e-waste recycling. Most respondents believed that the fee should be borne by government and manufacturers. These results imply that income level and satisfaction with management will promote WTP significantly, whereas the recovery price is a negative influence on the respondents’ WTP. The WTP values were positively correlated with environmental awareness and income at 5% and 10%, respectively. Finally, the estimated average monthly WTP value per household in Zhuhai City is 10.2 RMB ($1.6).

Keywords

E-waste Contingent value method (CVM) Behavior and attitudes Willingness to pay (WTP) Zhuhai City 

Notes

Acknowledgment

This work was funded by The Science and Technology Development Fund, Macau SAR (File no. 0011/2018/A; 0027/2018/A), and Open Fund of Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Petrochemical Pollution Process and Control, Guangdong University of Petrochemical Technology (No. 2018B030322017).

Supplementary material

11356_2019_6917_MOESM1_ESM.docx (18 kb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 17 kb)

References

  1. Afroz R, Masud MM, Akhtar R, Duasa JB (2013) Survey and analysis of public knowledge, awareness and willingness to pay in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia—a case study on household WEEE management. J Clean Prod 52:185–193CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. An D, Yang Y, Chai X, Xi B, Dong L, Ren J (2015) Mitigating pollution of hazardous materials from WEEE of China: portfolio selection for a sustainable future based on multi-criteria decision making Resources. Conservation Recycling 105:198–210.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.resconrec.2015.10.025 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Baldé CP, Wang F, Kuehr R, Huisman J (2015) The global e-waste monitor — 2014. United Nations University, IAS – SCYCLE, Bonn, GermanyGoogle Scholar
  4. Baldé CP, Forti V, Gray V, Kuehr R, Stegmann P (2017) The Global E-waste Monitor–2017, United Nations University (UNU), International Telecommunication Union (ITU) & International Solid Waste Association (ISWA). Bonn/Geneva/Vienna, Bonn/Geneva/ViennaGoogle Scholar
  5. Bangs C, Meskers C, Van Kerckhoven T, Refining UPM (2016) Trends in electronic products—the canary in the urban mine. Proceedings of the Electronic Goes GreenGoogle Scholar
  6. Bernad-Beltran D, Simo A, Bovea MD (2014) Attitude towards the incorporation of the selective collection of biowaste in a municipal solid waste management system. A case study Waste Manag 34:2434–2444.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wasman.2014.08.023 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Brouwer R, van Beukering P, Sultanian E (2008) The impact of the bird flu on public willingness to pay for the protection of migratory birds. Ecol Econ 64:575–585.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolecon.2007.04.001 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Caixin (2018) The waste electrical and electronic equipment processing fund has defaulted on more than 8 billion subsidies for enterprises. http://topics.caixin.com/2018-03-09/101219117.html
  9. CHEARI (China Household Electric Appliance Research Institute) (2016) White paper on the waste electronic product recycling industry in 2016. Available at: http://weee-epr.org/uploads/20170914092945_cuskiq.pdf.
  10. Deng WJ, Giesy JP, So CS, Zheng HL (2017) End-of-life (EoL) mobile phone management in Hong Kong households. J Environ Manage 200:22–28.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2017.05.056 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Duan H, Hu J, Tan Q, Liu L, Wang Y, Li J (2016) Systematic characterization of generation and management of e-waste in China. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 23:1929–1943.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-015-5428-0 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Guo Q, Wang E, Nie Y, Shen J (2018) Profit or environment? A system dynamic model analysis of waste electrical and electronic equipment management system in China. J Clean Prod 194:34–42CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. IBT (International Business Times) (2012) E-waste rich in silver and gold, but most unrecovered, experts say. 6 Jul, 12.Google Scholar
  14. Jin BH (2011) Zhuhai: Illegal dismantling of electronic waste caused serious pollution http://www.cn-hw.net/html/china/201104/26899.html
  15. Jin J, Wang Z, Ran S (2006) Solid waste management in Macao: practices and challenges. Waste Manag 26:1045–1051CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Kim M, Jang YC, Lee S (2013) Application of Delphi-AHP methods to select the priorities of WEEE for recycling in a waste management decision-making tool. J Environ Manag 128:941–948.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2013.06.049 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Kumar A, Holuszko M, Espinosa DCR (2017) E-waste: An overview on generation, collection, legislation and recycling practices Resources. Conservation Recycling 122:32–42.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.resconrec.2017.01.018 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Li J, Zuo J, Guo H, He G, Liu H (2018) Willingness to pay for higher construction waste landfill charge: A comparative study in Shenzhen and Qingdao. China Waste manage 81:226–233CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Liu X, Tanaka M, Matsui Y (2006) Electrical and electronic waste management in China: progress and the barriers to overcome. Waste Manag Res 24:92–101.  https://doi.org/10.1177/0734242X06062499 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Liu R, Zhang M-S, H-M L (2015) Industrialization barriers and policy analysis of e-waste resource utilization in China. Environ Sustain Dev 40(3):113–118 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  21. Liu K, Li J, Yan S, Zhang W, Li Y, Han D (2016) A review of status of tetrabromobisphenol A (TBBPA) in China. Chemosphere 148:8–20.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2016.01.023 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Musson SE, Jang YC, Townsend TG, Chung IH (2000) Characterization of lead leachability from cathode ray tubes using the toxicity characteristic leaching procedure. Environ Sci Technol 34(20):4376–4381CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. NBSC (National Bureau of Statistics of China) (2017) China statistical yearbook. Available at: http://data.stats.gov.cn/easyquery.htm?cn = C01&zb = A0H&sj = 2017. Beijing, China.
  24. Resmi NG, Fasila KA (2017) E-waste management and refurbishment prediction (EMARP) model for refurbishment industries. J Environ Manag 201:303–308.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2017.06.065 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Saphores J-DM, Ogunseitan OA, Shapiro AA (2012) Willingness to engage in a pro-environmental behavior: An analysis of e-waste recycling based on a national survey of U.S. households Resources. Conservation Recycling 60:49–63.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.resconrec.2011.12.003 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. SBGP (Statistics Bureau of Guangdong Province) (2017) Guangdong statistical yearbook available at: http://www.gdstats.gov.cn/tjsj/gdtjnj/. Guangzhou, China.
  27. Song Q, Li J (2014a) Environmental effects of heavy metals derived from the e-waste recycling activities in China: a systematic review. Waste Manag 34:2587–2594.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wasman.2014.08.012 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Song Q, Li J (2014b) A systematic review of the human body burden of e-waste exposure in China Environ Int 68:82-93.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2014.03.018 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Song Q, Wang Z, Li J (2012) Residents' behaviors, attitudes, and willingness to pay for recycling e-waste in Macau. J Environ Manage 106:8–16.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2012.03.036 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Song Q, Li J, Zeng X (2015) Minimizing the increasing solid waste through zero waste strategy. Journal of Cleaner Production 104:199–210.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2014.08.027 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Song Q, Wang Z, Li J (2016) Exploring residents' attitudes and willingness to pay for solid waste management in Macau. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 23:16456–16462.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-016-6590-8 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Song Q, Zhao S, Lam I, Zhu L, Yuan W, Wang C (2019) Understanding residents and enterprises’ perceptions, behaviors, and their willing to pay for resources recycling in Macau. Waste Manag 95:129–138CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Tan Q, Dong Q, Liu L, Song Q, Liang Y, Li J (2017) Potential recycling availability and capacity assessment on typical metals in waste mobile phones: a current research study in China. Journal of Cleaner Production 148:509–517.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2017.02.036 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Tong X, Wang T, Chen Y, Wang Y (2018) Towards an inclusive circular economy: quantifying the spatial flows of e-waste through the informal sector in China resources. Conservation Recycling 135:163–171.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.resconrec.2017.10.039 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Tsydenova O, Bengtsson M (2011) Chemical hazards associated with treatment of waste electrical and electronic equipment. Waste Manag 31:45–58.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wasman.2010.08.014 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Venkatachalam L (2006) Factors influencing household willingness to pay (WTP) for drinking water in peri-urban areas: a case study in the Indian context water policy 8:461-473.  https://doi.org/10.2166/wp.2006.055 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Wang Z, Zhang B, Yin J, Zhang X (2011) Willingness and behavior towards e-waste recycling for residents in Beijing city. China J Cleaner Prod 19:977–984.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2010.09.016 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Wang H, Gu Y, Li L, Liu T, Wu Y, Zuo T (2017) Operating models and development trends in the extended producer responsibility system for waste electrical and electronic equipment resources. Conservation and Recycling 127:159–167.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.resconrec.2017.09.002 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Wong MH et al (2007) Export of toxic chemicals - a review of the case of uncontrolled electronic-waste recycling. Environ Pollut 149:131–140.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2007.01.044 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Yoo S-H, Kwak S-Y (2009) Willingness to pay for green electricity in Korea: A contingent valuation study. Energy Policy 37:5408–5416.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enpol.2009.07.062 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Zeng X, Duan H, Wang F, Li J (2017) Examining environmental management of e-waste: China's experience and lessons. Renew Sustain Energy Rev 72:1076–1082.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2016.10.015 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Zhang W, Jiang H-Q, Wang J-N, Lu Y-L (2013) Amount of electronic waste generated in China: Prediction and characteristics analysis. Environ Sci Technol 36:195–199 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  43. Zhang S, Ding Y, Liu B, Pan D, Chang CC, Volinsky AA (2015) Challenges in legislation, recycling system and technical system of waste electrical and electronic equipment in China. Waste Manag 45:361–373.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wasman.2015.05.015 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Zhu L, Song Q, Sheng N, Zhou X (2019) Exploring the determinants of consumers’ WTB and WTP for electric motorcycles using CVM method in Macau. Energy Policy 127:64–72.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enpol.2018.12.004 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Zhuhai Industrial, Information Technology Bureau (2011) Zhuhai's industrial trade and foreign economic operation Available at: http://www.zhkgmx.gov.cn/zwgk/tjsj/index_1.html
  46. ZSB (Zhuhai Statistics Bureau) (2018) Zhuhai Statistical Yearbook Available at: http://www.stats-zh.gov.cn/tjsj/tjnj/201812/t20181229_50646684.html. Zhuhai, China.

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Macau Environmental Research InstituteMacau University of Science and TechnologyMacauChina
  2. 2.School of Material Science and EngineeringGuangdong University of Petrochemical TechnologyMaomingChina
  3. 3.Shanghai Collaborative Innovation Centre for WEEE RecyclingShanghai Polytechnic UniversityShanghaiChina
  4. 4.Macau Institute of Systems EngineeringMacau University of Science and TechnologyMacauChina
  5. 5.School of EnvironmentTsinghua UniversityBeijingChina

Personalised recommendations