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Sol-gel hydrothermal synthesis of nano crystalline silicotitanate and its strontium and cesium adsorption

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Abstract

Crystalline silicotitanate (CST) was synthesized via a sol-gel hydrothermal method using Na2Si2O3·9H2O and TiCl4 as silicon and titanium sources. The effects of pH, silicon concentration, hydrothermal temperature, and time on the CST synthesis were studied at a fixed molar ratio of silicon:titanium (0.98:1). Pure nano-CST crystals were synthesized at pH = 12.5, silicon concentration of 5 g L−1, 170 °C for 7 days. The average CST particle size was < 100 nm, with a Sr2+/Cs+ distribution coefficient up to 1.9 × 106 mL g−1/9.4 × 103 mL g−1 under the optimum conditions. In addition, nano-CST absorbed Sr2+/Cs+ over a wide pH range. The nano-CST also displayed a much faster equilibrium time, 4 h, as compared with previous studies. Furthermore, nano-CST adsorption of Sr2+/Cs+ followed a Langmuir adsorption model and was consistent with pseudo-second-order kinetics.

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Funding

This work was supported by the Postgraduate Innovation Fund Project by Southwest University of Science and Technology (No. 16ycx038), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (21007052), and also the University Students Innovation and Training Program of Sichuan Province (201810619098).

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Correspondence to Mengjun Chen or Zhengxue Xiao.

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Wang, R., Luo, Z., Tan, Q. et al. Sol-gel hydrothermal synthesis of nano crystalline silicotitanate and its strontium and cesium adsorption. Environ Sci Pollut Res 27, 4404–4413 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-019-06907-z

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Keywords

  • Crystalline silicotitanate
  • Hydrothermal synthesis
  • Strontium and Cesium
  • Adsorption
  • Thermodynamics
  • Kinetics