Assessment of the biochemical and nutritional values of Venerupis decussata from Tunisian lagoons submitted to different anthropogenic ranks

  • Safa BejaouiEmail author
  • Mehdi Bouziz
  • Feriel Ghribi
  • Imene Chetoui
  • M’hamed EL Cafsi
Research Article


The present study aimed to evaluate the biochemical status of Venerupis decussata collected seasonally from two Tunisian coastline lagoons (Ghar El Melh and Boughrara) submitted to different anthropogenic levels. Trace elements were significantly higher in clams from Boughrara, especially during the warm season. Fatty acids, proximate compositions, and nutritional value of both clam populations were higher, appearing to be the best for human consumption principally during the spring season. The principal component analysis was determined, including phospholipids and reserve lipids, revealing a great variation with the exogenous and endogenous factors. Generally, clams from Boughrara had a significant alteration in biochemical composition principally due to the anthropogenic levels and physicochemical fluctuation of this lagoon. Our results reflected the healthy benefit of clam consumption and the use of energy reserves and essential fatty acids as a great biomarker to assess ecological risk in lagoons and other coastal ecosystems.


Fatty acids Lipid classes Metal bioaccumulation Tunisian lagoons Venerupis decussata 



Atherogenicity index


Arachidonic acid


Butylated hydroxyl toluene


Palmitic acid


Palmitoleic acid


Linoleic acid


Oleic acid


Linoleic acid


Linolenic acid








Coronary heart diseases

Chl a

Chlorophyll a


Condition index


Gas chromatography


Docosahexaenoic acid


Eicosapentaenoic acid


Fatty acids


Fatty acid methyl esters


Gonadic index


Hypocholesterolemic and hypercholesterolemic


Hydrogen peroxide


Sulfuric acid


Nitric acid


Ghar El Melh lagoon


Boughrara lagoon




Monounsaturated fatty acids


Sodium methylate


Nutritional quality index




Principal component analysis


Polyunsaturated fatty acids

S psu



Saturated fatty acids


Suspended matter

T °C



Thrombogenicity index


Thin-layer chromatography

V. decussata

Venerupis decussata



This work was supported by the Laboratory of Ecology, Biology, and Physiology of Aquatic Organisms, Department of Biology (LEBPAO; LU 18 ES 41), University of Tunis El Manar, Faculty of Science of Tunis. The authors are grateful to Mr. Hsan MEJARI for his technical assistance. We gratefully recognize the support of all members of the LEBPAO concerning their great help in the analysis. This research did not receive any specific grant from funding agencies in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.

Compliance with ethical standards

The regular recommendations for animal experiments prepared by the department and the university were implicated in our study.

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratory of Ecology, Biology and Physiology of Aquatic Environment, Biology Department, Faculty of Science of TunisUniversity of Tunis El ManarTunisTunisia

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