Effect of organic matter derived from algae and macrophyte on anaerobic ammonium oxidation coupled to ferric iron reduction in the sediment of a shallow freshwater lake
As a recently discovered process of nitrogen cycling, anaerobic ammonium oxidation coupled to ferric iron reduction (Feammox) has attracted more attentions. This study investigated the spatial variation of Feammox in the sediment of different zones of a shallow freshwater lake and the effect of organic matter derived from algae and macrophyte on Feammox process. The potential Feammox rates showed significant differences among sediments from algae-dominated area (ADA), transitional area in the center of the lake (TDA), and macrophyte-dominated area (MDA), and in a descending order, ADA, MDA, and TDA. The potential Feammox rate ranged from 0.14 to 0.34 mg N kg−1day−1 in the freshwater lake sediment. The potential Feammox rates of the sediment with algae or macrophyte amendment were 12.29% and 15.31% higher than the control test without algae and macrophyte amendment. The addition of algae or macrophyte to the sediment from TDA could improve the amount of HCl-extractable total Fe, Fe(III) reduction rate, and the abundance of FeRB. These results demonstrated that organic matter is one of the key regulators of Feammox process.
KeywordsFeammox Shallow freshwater lake Spatial variation Sediments Organic matter Algae Macrophyte
This work was financially supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (51609234) and the Natural Science Foundation of Jiangsu Province (BK20161089).
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