Effect of organic matter derived from algae and macrophyte on anaerobic ammonium oxidation coupled to ferric iron reduction in the sediment of a shallow freshwater lake

  • Zongbao Yao
  • Liu Yang
  • Na Song
  • Changhui Wang
  • Helong JiangEmail author
Sediment Environment, Pollution and Remediation


As a recently discovered process of nitrogen cycling, anaerobic ammonium oxidation coupled to ferric iron reduction (Feammox) has attracted more attentions. This study investigated the spatial variation of Feammox in the sediment of different zones of a shallow freshwater lake and the effect of organic matter derived from algae and macrophyte on Feammox process. The potential Feammox rates showed significant differences among sediments from algae-dominated area (ADA), transitional area in the center of the lake (TDA), and macrophyte-dominated area (MDA), and in a descending order, ADA, MDA, and TDA. The potential Feammox rate ranged from 0.14 to 0.34 mg N kg−1day−1 in the freshwater lake sediment. The potential Feammox rates of the sediment with algae or macrophyte amendment were 12.29% and 15.31% higher than the control test without algae and macrophyte amendment. The addition of algae or macrophyte to the sediment from TDA could improve the amount of HCl-extractable total Fe, Fe(III) reduction rate, and the abundance of FeRB. These results demonstrated that organic matter is one of the key regulators of Feammox process.


Feammox Shallow freshwater lake Spatial variation Sediments Organic matter Algae Macrophyte 


Funding information

This work was financially supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (51609234) and the Natural Science Foundation of Jiangsu Province (BK20161089).

Supplementary material

11356_2019_6793_MOESM1_ESM.docx (67 kb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 66 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zongbao Yao
    • 1
  • Liu Yang
    • 2
  • Na Song
    • 1
  • Changhui Wang
    • 1
  • Helong Jiang
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Lake Science and Environment, Nanjing Institute of Geography and LimnologyChinese Academy of SciencesNanjingPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.University of Chinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina

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