Effect of sheep manure-derived biochar on colloidal phosphorus release in soils from various land uses

  • Seyed Hamid Hosseini
  • Xinqiang LiangEmail author
  • Christophe Niyungeko
  • He Miaomiao
  • Fayong Li
  • Sangar Khan
  • Kamel Mohamed Eltohamy
Research Article


Colloidal phosphorus (CP) as an additional route of P mobilization in soil solution has gained much attention. A batch experiment was conducted to investigate the effect of sheep manure-derived biochar (SMB) on CP release from various land uses (paddy, vegetable, tea, and citrus) at a rate of 0% as a control treatment (CK), 1% as a low (L) level, 2% as a middle (M) level, and 4% as a high (H) level of SMB application. The CP and MRPcoll in the solution increased from 30.58 to 88.97% and from 2.45 to 55.54% of total P (TP), respectively. The SMB enhanced CP release in all the soils and all the treatments (except CK and L levels in tea soil; CK, L, and M levels in vegetable soil; and L and M levels in citrus soil). Multiple linear regression revealed a significant correlation between CP and MRPcoll and between colloidal iron, aluminum, calcium, and total organic carbon (Fecoll, Alcoll, Cacoll, and TOCcoll) and pH, which may play an important role as CP carriers that could depend on the pH. This study suggests that the application of SMB in the soil at an appropriate rate of 1 and 2% for tea and vegetable soils, respectively, could be beneficial to avoid the risk of CP release in water bodies.


Manure-derived biochar Colloidal phosphorus Release Land use 


Funding information

This work was supported by the National Key Science and Technology Project: Water Pollution Control and Treatment [2018ZX07208009], the National Key Research and Development Program of China (2017YFD0800103), and the Natural Science Foundation of Zhejiang Province [LR16B070001].


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© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of Environmental and Resource SciencesZhejiang UniversityHangzhouChina
  2. 2.Key Laboratory of Water Pollution Control and Environmental Security TechnologyHangzhouChina
  3. 3.Department of Life and Environmental ScienceHangzhou Normal UniversityHangzhouPeople’s Republic of China

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