Advertisement

Intelligent-activated carbon prepared from pistachio shells precursor for effective adsorption of heavy metals from industrial waste of copper mine

  • Vajihe NejadshafieeEmail author
  • Mohammad Reza Islami
Research Article
  • 23 Downloads

Abstract

A novel and efficient bio-adsorbent based on magnetic activated carbon nanocomposites (MAC NCs)–modified by sulfamic acid (H3NSO3) has been developed from pistachio shell precursor as agricultural by-products and then was applied for heavy metal removal. Design an experimental model (Central Composite Design (CCD)) for adopting surface response could efficiently be used for adsorption process, and it is an economical way of obtaining the optimal adsorption conditions based on the limited number of experiments. The variants of adsorbent dosage, metal ion concentration, and contact time were optimized for Cu(II) metal by CCD. In addition, adsorption capacity and isoelectric point (pHzpc) of adsorbent were studied at different pH values. Kinetic and isotherm of adsorption were investigated via the Langmuir and the pseudo-second-order model. The maximum adsorption capacity using the Langmuir model was 277.77 mg g−1 for Cu(II) ions on H2NSO3-MAC NCs. Then adsorption process was investigated for ions of Fe(II), Zn(II), and Ni(II) under optimized condition. Also, the competitive adsorption of Fe(II), Zn(II), and Ni(II) ions mixed solution onto H2NSO3-MAC NCs was conducted. Adsorption-desorption results exhibited that the H2NSO3-MAC NCs can be used up to seven cycles while they have excellent performance. Finally, to evaluate the efficiency of this bio-adsorbent, the removal of heavy metals from wastewater of the Sarcheshmeh copper mine as a real sample was studied.

Graphical abstract

Keywords

Magnetic activated carbon Adsorption Nanocomposites Experimental design Heavy metals removal 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This study was supported and encouraged by Iran National Science Foundation (Grant NO: 95010061), Department of Chemistry and Central Lab, Shahid Bahonar University, Kerman, Iran.

Supplementary material

11356_2019_6732_MOESM1_ESM.doc (492 kb)
ESM 1(DOC 492 kb)

References

  1. Agrafioti E, Kalderis D (2014) Diamadopoulos, E. Arsenic and chromium removal from water using biochars derived from rice husk, organic solid wastes and sewage sludge. J Environ Manag 133:309–314CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Ahmed Basha C, Bhadrinarayana NS, Anantharaman N, Meera Sheriffa Begum KM (2008) Heavy metal removal from copper smelting effluent using electrochemical cylindrical flow reactor. J Hazard Mater 152:71–78CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Ali I (2012) New Generation adsorbents for water treatment. Chem Rev 112:5073–5091CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Attia AA, Girgis BS, Khedr SA (2003) Capacity of activated carbon derived from pistachio shells by H3PO4 in the removal of dyes and phenolics. J Chem Technol Biotechnol 78:611–619.  https://doi.org/10.1002/jctb.743 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Ben-Ali S, Jaouali I, Souissi-Najar S, Ouederni A (2017) Characterization and adsorption capacity of raw pomegranate peel biosorbent for copper removal. J Clean Prod 142:3809–3821.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2016.10.081 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Cao CY, Qu J, Wei F et al (2012) Superb adsorption capacity and mechanism of flowerlike magnesium oxide nanostructures for lead and cadmium ions. Interfaces, ACS Appl Mater 4:4283–4287CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Cao G, Zhang Y, Chen L, Liu J, Mao K, Li K, Zhou J (2015) Production of a bioflocculant from methanol wastewater and its application in arsenite removal. Chemosphere 141:274–281CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Chen JP, Wu S (2004) Acid/base-treated activated carbons: characterization of functional groups and metal adsorptive properties. Langmuir 20:2233–2242.  https://doi.org/10.1021/la0348463 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Chen Q, Luo Z, Hills C, Xue G, Tyrer M (2009) Precipitation of heavy metals from wastewater using simulated flue gas: sequent additions of fly ash, lime and carbon dioxide. Water Res 43:2605–2614CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Darezereshki E, Darban A, Abdollahy M, Jamshidi-zanjani A (2018) Influence of heavy metals on the adsorption of arsenate by magnetite nanoparticles: kinetics and thermodynamic. Environ Nanotechnol Monit Manag 10:51–62.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enmm.2018.04.002 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Ding CC, Cheng WC, Jin ZX, Sun YB (2015) Plasma synthesis of β-cyclodextrin/Al(OH)3 com- posites as adsorbents for removal of UO2 2+ fromaqueous solutions. J Mol Liq 207:224–230CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Georgakilas V, Perman JA, Tucek J, Zboril R (2015) Broad family of carbon nanoallotropes: classification, chemistry, and applications of fullerenes, carbon dots, nanotubes, graphene, nanodiamonds, and combined superstructures. Chem Rev 115:4744–4822CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Gong X, Li W, Wang K, Hu J (2013) Study of the adsorption of Cr(VI) by tannic acid immobilised powdered activated carbon from micro-polluted water in the presence of dissolved humic acid. Bioresour Technol 141:145–151.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2013.01.166 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Gupta VK, Agarwal S, Singh P, Pathania D (2013a) Acrylic acid grafted cellulosic Luffa cylindrical fiber for the removal of dye and metal ions. Carbohydr Polym 98:1214–1221.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.carbpol.2013.07.019 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Gupta VK, Pathania D, Agarwal S, Sharma S (2013b) Removal of Cr(VI) onto Ficus carica biosorbent from water. Environ Sci Pollut Res 20:2632–2644.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-012-1176-6 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Gupta VK, Pathania D, Sharma S, Singh P (2013c) Preparation of bio-based porous carbon by microwave assisted phosphoric acid activation and its use for adsorption of Cr(VI). J Colloid Interface Sci 401:125–132.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcis.2013.03.020 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Gupta VK, Pathania D, Sharma S (2017) Adsorptive remediation of Cu(II) and Ni(II) by microwave assisted H3PO4activated carbon. Arab J Chem 10:S2836–S2844.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.arabjc.2013.11.006 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Johns MM, Marshall WE, Toles CA (1998) Agricultural by-products as granular activated carbons for adsorbing dissolved metals and organics. J Chem Technol Biotechnol 71:131–140.  https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1097-4660(199802)71:2<131::AID-JCTB821>3.0.CO;2-K CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Komnitsas K, Zaharaki D, Pyliotis I, Vamvuka D, Bartzas G (2015) Assessment of pistachio shell biochar quality and its potential for adsorption of heavy metals. Waste Biomass Valor 6:805–816.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s12649-015-9364-5 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Komnitsas K, Zaharaki D, Bartzas G, Alevizos G (2017) Adsorption of scandium and neodymium on biochar derived after low-temperature pyrolysis of sawdust. Minerals 7:200.  https://doi.org/10.3390/min7100200 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Lakard S, Magnenet C, Mokhter MA et al (2015) Membranes., Retention of Cu(II) and Ni(II) ions by filtration through polymer-modified. Sep Purif Technol 149:1–8CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Li W, Gong X, Li X, Zhang D, Gong H (2012) Removal of Cr(VI) from low-temperature micro-polluted surface water by tannic acid immobilized powdered activated carbon. Bioresour Technol 113:106–113.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2011.12.037 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Li Y, Du Q, Liu T et al (2013) Comparative study of methylene blue dye adsorption onto activated carbon, graphene oxide, and carbon nanotubes. Chem Eng Res Des 91:361–368.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cherd.2012.07.007 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Li X, Wang S, Liu Y et al (2017) Adsorption of Cu(II), Pb(II), and Cd(II) ions from acidic aqueous solutions by diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid-modified magnetic graphene oxide. J Chem Eng Data 62:407–416.  https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.jced.6b00746 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Liu Y, Wang S, Xing C, du H, du C, Li B (2016) Nanoporous carbon derived from core-shells@Sheets through the template-activation method for effective adsorption of dyes. ACS Omega 1:491–497.  https://doi.org/10.1021/acsomega.6b00154 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Ma MH, Gao HY, Sun YB, Huang MS (2015) The adsorption and desorption of Ni(II) on Al substituted goethite. J Mol Liq 201:30–35CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Mates JM, Segura JA, Alonso FJ, Marquez J (2010) Roles of dioxins and heavy metals in cancer and neurological diseases using ROS-mediated mechanisms. Free Radic Biol Med 49:1328–1341CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Mejias Carpio IE, Mangadlao JD, Nguyen HN et al (2014) Graphene oxide functionalized with ethylenediamine triacetic acid for heavy metal adsorption and anti-microbial applications. Carbon N Y 77:289–301.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.carbon.2014.05.032 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Musso TB, Parolo ME, Pettinari G, Francisca FM (2014) Cu ( II ) and Zn (II) adsorption capacity of three different clay liner materials. J Environ Manag 146:50–58.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2014.07.026 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Nejadshafiee V, Islami MR (2019) Adsorption capacity of heavy metal ions using sultone-modified magnetic activated carbon as a bio-adsorbent. Mater Sci Eng C 101:42–52.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.msec.2019.03.081 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Pal A, Shahrom MSR, Moniruzzaman M et al (2017) Ionic liquid as a new binder for activated carbon based consolidated composite adsorbents. Chem Eng J 326:980–986.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2017.06.031 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Pere M, Martha A, Thomas H (2014) An atlas of two-dimensional materials. Chem Soc Rev 43:6537–6554CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Petranovska AL, Abramov NV, Turanska SP et al (2015) Adsorption of cis-dichlor- odiammineplatinum by nanostructures based on single-domain magnetite. J Nanostruct Chem 5:275–285CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Rivera-Utrilla J, Sinchez-Polo M, Gómez-Serrano V et al (2011) Activated carbon modifications to enhance its water treatment applications. J Hazard Mater 187:1–23CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Rodríguez A, García J, Ovejero G, Mestanza M (2009) Adsorption of anionic and cationic dyes on activated carbon from aqueous solutions: equilibrium and kinetics. J Hazard Mater 172:1311–1320.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2009.07.138 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Sharma S, Pathania D, Singh P (2013) Preparation, characterization and Cr(VI) adsorption behavior study of poly(acrylic acid) grafted Ficus carica bast fiber. Adv Mater Lett 4:271–276.  https://doi.org/10.5185/amlett.2012.8409 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Sharma A, Thakur K, Mehta P, Pathania D (2018) Efficient adsorption of chlorpheniramine and hexavalent chromium (Cr(VI)) from water system using agronomic waste material. Sustain Chem Pharm 9:1–11.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scp.2018.04.002 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Silva JE, Paiva AP, Soares D, Labrincha A, Castro F (2005) Solvent extraction applied to the recovery of heavy metals from galvanic sludge. J Hazard Mater 120:113–118CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Sun YB, Yang ST, Sheng GD et al (2012) Removal of U(VI) fromaqueous solutions by the nano-iron oxyhydroxides. Radiochim Acta 100:779–784CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Üçer A, Uyanik A, Çay S, Özkan Y (2005) Immobilisation of tannic acid onto activated carbon to improve Fe(III) adsorption. Sep Purif Technol 44:11–17.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.seppur.2004.11.011 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Üçer A, Uyanik A, Aygün ŞF (2006) Adsorption of Cu(II), Cd(II), Zn(II), Mn(II) and Fe(III) ions by tannic acid immobilised activated carbon. Sep Purif Technol 47:113–118.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.seppur.2005.06.012 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Ünlü N, Ersoz M (2007) Removal of heavy metal ions by using Dithiocarbamated-sporopollenin. Sep Purif Technol 52:461–469.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.seppur.2006.05.026 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Venkateswarlu S, Lee D, Yoon M (2016) Bioinspired 2D-carbon flakes and Fe3O4 nanoparticles composite for arsenite removal. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 8:23876–23885.  https://doi.org/10.1021/acsami.6b03583 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Wan Ngah WS, Teong LC, Hanafiah MAKM (2011) Adsorption of dyes and heavy metal ions by chitosan composites: a review. Carbohydr Polym 83:1446–1456CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Wang J, Chen C (2009) Biosorbents for heavy metals removal and their future. Biotechnol Adv 27:195–226CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Wang S, Peng YN (2010) zeolites as effective adsorbents in water and wastewater treatment. Chem Eng J 156:11–24CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Xiang B, Fan W, Yi X, Wang Z, Gao F, Li Y, Gu H (2016) Dithiocarbamate-modified starch derivatives with high heavy metal adsorption performance. Carbohydr Polym 136:30–37.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.carbpol.2015.08.065 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Xue X, Xu J, Baig SA, Xu X (2016) Synthesis of graphene oxide nanosheets for the removal of Cd(II) ions from acidic aqueous solutions. J Taiwan Inst Chem Eng 59:365–372CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Yang T, Lua AC (2006) Textural and chemical properties of zinc chloride activated carbons prepared from pistachio-nut shells. Mater Chem Phys 100:438–444.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matchemphys.2006.01.039 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Yang SB, Ding CC, Cheng WC et al (2015) Effect of microbes on Ni(II) diffusion onto sepiolite. J Mol Liq 204:170–175CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Yao Y, Gao B, Wu F, Zhang C, Yang L (2015) Engineered biochar from biofuel residue: characterization and its silver removal potential. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 7:10634–10640CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Yin CY, Aroua MK, Daud WMAW (2007) Review of modifications of activated carbon for enhancing contaminant uptakes from aqueous solutions. Sep Purif Technol 52:403–415.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.seppur.2006.06.009 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Yu W, Lian F, Cui G, Liu Z (2018) Chemosphere N-doping effectively enhances the adsorption capacity of biochar for heavy metal ions from aqueous solution. Chemosphere 193:8–16.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2017.10.134 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Zahir F, Rizwi SJ, Haq SK, Khan RH (2005) Low dose mercury toxicity and human health. Environ Toxicol Pharmacol 20:351–360CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Zhang N, Qiu H, Si Y et al (2011) Fabrication of highly porous biodegradable monoliths strengthened by graphene oxide and their adsorption of metal ions. Carbon N Y 49:827–837.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.carbon.2010.10.024 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Zhou L, Wang Y, Liu Z, Huang Q (2009) Characteristics of equilibrium, kinetics studies for adsorption of Hg(II), Cu(II), and Ni(II) ions by thiourea-modified magnetic chitosan microspheres. J Hazard Mater 161:995–1002CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Chemistry DepartmentShahid Bahonar University of KermanKermanIran
  2. 2.Central LabShahid Bahonar University of KermanKermanIran

Personalised recommendations