Advertisement

Revegetation of a barren rare earth mine using native plant species in reciprocal plantation: effect of phytoremediation on soil microbiological communities

  • Lin Zhang
  • Wen Liu
  • Shenghong Liu
  • Peng Zhang
  • Chanjuan Ye
  • Hong LiangEmail author
Research Article

Abstract

Over-exploration of rare earth elements causes soil desertification and environmental degradation. However, the restoration of rare earth mine tailings requires the recovery of both vegetation and soil microbiota. Accordingly, the present study aimed to compare the efficacy of restoring mine tailings using organic compost and native plants (Miscanthus sinensis, Pinus massoniana, Bambusa textilis, or a mixture of all three). After three years, the mixed plantation harbored tenfold greater plant richness than that in the barren land. Among these, M. sinensis played a dominant role across all restored areas. The microbial communities of the soils were assessed using high-throughput 16S rDNA gene sequencing. A total of 34,870 16S rDNA gene sequences were obtained and classified into 15 bacterial phyla and 36 genera. The dominant genus across all the restored soils was Burkholderia, and the bacterial diversity of restored soils was greater than that of soils from either unrestored or natural (unexploited) areas, with the M. sinensis plantation yielding the greatest diversity. The effects of phytoremediation were mainly driven by changes in nutrient and metal contents. These results indicate that M. sinensis significantly improves phytoremediation and that mixed planting is ideal for restoring the soils of abandoned rare earth mines.

Keywords

Rare earth mine Soil restoration Revegetation Soil chemical property Soil bacterial community 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We thank Qing X. Li and Bo Fu from the University of Hawaii at Manoa and Muhammad Qasim Shahid from South China Agricultural University, for their comments on this manuscript.

Funding information

This work was funded by project No. 2016A020207004 supported by the Sci-Tech department of Guangdong Province and the National Sci-Tech support plan from MOST of China.

References

  1. Antoun H, Prévost D (2005) Ecology of plant growth promoting rhizobacteria. In: PGPR: Biocontrol and Biofertilization. Springer, Dordrecht, pp 1–38Google Scholar
  2. Bach EM, Baer SG, Six J (2012) Plant and soil responses to high and low diversity grassland restoration practices. J Environ Manag 49(2):412–424CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Chao Y, Liu W, Chen Y, Chen W, Zhao L, Ding Q, Qiu RL (2016) Structure, variation, and co-occurrence of soil microbial communities in abandoned sites of a rare earth elements mine. Environ Sci Technol 50(21):11481–11490CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. de Castro Ribeiro PRC, Viana DG, Pires FR, Egreja Filho FB, Bonomo R, Cargnelutti Filho A, Nascimento MCP (2018) Selection of plants for phytoremediation of barium-polluted flooded soils. Chemosphere 206:522CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Dougal K, Harris PA, Girdwood SE, Creevey CJ, Curtis GC, Barfoot CF et al (2017) Changes in the total fecal bacterial population in individual horses maintained on a restricted diet over 6 weeks. Front Microbiol 8:1502CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Gómez-Sagasti MT, Alkorta I, Becerril JM, Epelde L, Anza M, Garbisu C (2012) Microbial monitoring of the recovery of soil quality during heavy metal phytoremediation. Water Air Soil Pollut 223(6):3249–3262CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Guo W, Zhao R, Zhao W, Fu R, Guo J, Bi N, Zhang J (2013a) Effects of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi on maize (Zea mays L.) and sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L. Moench) grown in rare earth elements of mine tailings. Appl Soil Ecol 72:85–92CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Guo W, Zhao R, Yang H, Zhao J, Zhang J (2013b) Using native plants to evaluate the effect of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi on revegetation of iron tailings in grasslands. Biol Fertil Soils 49(6):617–626CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Hao X, Wang D, Wang P, Wang Y, Zhou D (2016) Evaluation of water quality in surface water and shallow groundwater: a case study of a rare earth mining area in southern Jiangxi Province. China Environ Monit Assess 188(1):24CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. He XY, Wang KL, Zhang W, Chen ZH, Zhu YG, Chen HS (2008) Positive correlation between soil bacterial metabolic and plant species diversity and bacterial and fungal diversity in a vegetation succession on Karst. Plant Soil 307(1-2):123–134CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Ladygina N, Hedlund K (2010) Plant species influence microbial diversity and carbon allocation in the rhizosphere. Soil Biol Biochem 42:162–168CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Lamb EG, Kennedy N, Siciliano SD (2011) Effects of plant species richness and evenness on soil microbial community diversity and function. Plant Soil 338(1-2):483–495CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Laughlin DC, Bakker JD, Daniels ML, Moore MM, Casey CA, Springer JD (2008) Restoring plant species diversity and community composition in a ponderosa pine-bunchgrass ecosystem. Plant Ecol 197(1):139–151CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Li A (2009) Biodegradation of biphenyl by Dyella ginsengisoli LA-4 and cloning, expression of bph genes. Dalian University of Technology, DalianGoogle Scholar
  15. Madejón P, Murillo JM, Marañón T, Cabrera F, Soriano MA (2003) Trace element and nutrient accumulation in sunflower plants two years after the Aznalcóllar mine spill. Sci Total Environ 307:239–257CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Mao G, Shi T, Zhang S, Crittenden J, Guo S, Du H (2018) Bibliometric analysis of insights into soil remediation. J. Soil Sediment (1-3):1–15Google Scholar
  17. Palmroth MR, Koskinen PE, Kaksonen AH, Münster U, Pichtel J, Puhakka JA (2007) Metabolic and phylogenetic analysis of microbial communities during phytoremediation of soil contaminated with weathered hydrocarbons and heavy metals. Biodegradation 18(6):769–782CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Polo MG, Kowaljow E, Castán E, Sauzet O, Mazzarino MJ (2015) Persistent effect of organic matter pulse on a sandy soil of semiarid Patagonia. Biol Fertil Soils 51(2):241–249CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Ridošková A, Pelfrêne A, Douay F, Pelcová P, Smolíková V, Adam V (2019) Bioavailability of mercury in contaminated soils assessed by the diffusive gradient in thin film technique in relation to uptake by Miscanthus× giganteus. Environ Toxicol Chem 38(2):321–328CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Steinauer K, Jensen B, Strecker T, de Luca E, Scheu S, Eisenhauer N (2016) Convergence of soil microbial properties after plant colonization of an experimental plant diversity gradient. BMC Ecol 16(1):19CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Tang X, Li M et al (2000) Landslide and its prevention of in situ leaching of ion-adsorption rare earth minerals. Met Mine (in Chinese) 7:6–8Google Scholar
  22. Tilman D, Reich PB, Knops J, Wedin D, Mielke T, Lehman C (2001) Diversity and productivity in a long-term grassland experiment. Science 294:843–845CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Upton RN, Bach EM, Hofmockel KS (2018) Belowground response of prairie restoration and resiliency to drought. Agric Ecosyst Environ 266:122–132CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Wang L, Ji B, Hu Y, Liu R, Sun W (2017) A review on in situ phytoremediation of mine tailings. Chemosphere 184:594–600CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Wei Z, Hao Z, Li X, Guan Z, Cai Y, Liao X (2019) The effects of phytoremediation on soil bacterial communities in an abandoned mine site of rare earth elements. Sci Total Environ 670: 950-960CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Wu D, Feng J, Chu S, Jacobs DF, Tong X, Zhao Q, Zeng S (2019) Integrated application of sewage sludge, earthworms and Jatropha curcas on abandoned rare-earth mine land soil. Chemosphere 214:47–54CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Yang XJ, Lin A, Li XL, Wu Y, Zhou W, Chen Z (2013) China's ion-adsorption rare earth resources, mining consequences and preservation. Environ Dev 8(1):131–136CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Yao X, Yang N, Li Y, Bian H, Ding X, Zhou Q (2018) Bioaccumulation in Miscanthus sacchariflorus grown on cadmium-contaminated sediments: a comparative study between submerged and non-submerged environments. Int J Phytoremediat 21(3):240–245CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Yu L, Lu X, He Y, Brookes PC, Liao H, Xu J (2017) Combined biochar and nitrogen fertilizer reduces soil acidity and promotes nutrient use efficiency by soybean crop. J Soils Sediments 17(3):599–610CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Yuan M, Guo MN, Liu WS, Liu C, Van Der Ent A, Morel JL, Tang YT (2013) The accumulation and fractionation of rare earth elements in hydroponically grown Phytolacca americana L. Plant Soil 421:67–82CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Zeng P, Guo Z, Xiao X, Peng C (2019a) Effects of tree-herb co-planting on the bacterial community composition and the relationship between specific microorganisms and enzymatic activities in metal (loid)-contaminated soil. Chemosphere 220:237–248CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Zeng P, Guo Z, Xiao X, Peng C, Huang B, Feng W (2019b) Complementarity of co-planting a hyperaccumulator with three metal (loid)-tolerant species for metal(loid)-contaminated soil remediation. Ecotox Environ Safe 169:306–315CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Zhang L, Liu S. H., Liu W., Liang H., 2018. Relevance between the soil reclamation and plant diversity changing in the restoration of rare earth mine site. Jiangsu Agricultural Sciences 46(1):239-243.Google Scholar
  34. Zhou L, Li Z, Liu W, Liu S, Zhang L, Zhong L, Liang H (2015) Restoration of rare earth mine areas: organic amendments and phytoremediation. Environ Sci Pol 22(21):17151–17160CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Zuberer, D. A., 1994. Recovery and enumeration of viable bacteria. In: Bigham JM (ed) Methods of soil analysis. Part 2, microbiological and biochemical properties. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 119-144.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of Agriculture and BiologyZhongkai University of Agriculture and EngineeringGuangzhouChina
  2. 2.College of Resources and Environmental SciencesChina Agricultural UniversityBeijingChina
  3. 3.College of Tropical Agriculture and ForestryGuangdong Agriculture Industry Business Polytechnic CollegeGuangzhouChina

Personalised recommendations