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Effects of mutual grafting on cadmium accumulation characteristics of first post-generations of Bidens pilosa L. and Galinsoga parviflora Cav.

  • Hongyan Li
  • Jin Wang
  • Lijin LinEmail author
  • Ming’an Liao
  • Xiulan Lv
  • Yi Tang
  • Xun Wang
  • Hui Xia
  • Dong Liang
  • Wei Ren
  • Wei Jiang
Research Article
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Abstract

We studied the effects of mutual grafting on cadmium (Cd) accumulation characteristics on the first post-generations of the Cd-hyperaccumulator plants Bidens pilosa L. and Galinsoga parviflora Cav. The seeds from scions and rootstocks of B. pilosa and G. parviflora were collected and planted in Cd-contaminated soil in pot and field experiments. In the pot experiment, rootstock treatment increased the shoot biomass of B. pilosa post-grafting generations, compared with ungrafted B. pilosa, but decreased the Cd content in shoots and Cd extraction by shoots of post-grafting generations; scion treatment decreased or had no significant effect. Mutual grafting resulted in no significant differences to the photosynthetic pigment contents in B. pilosa post-grafting generations. Compared with ungrafted G. parviflora, scion treatment increased the shoot biomass, photosynthetic pigment content, and Cd extraction by shoots of G. parviflora post-grafting generations, but rootstock treatment did not lead to significant differences. Mutual grafting resulted in no significant differences to the Cd contents in shoots of G. parviflora post-grafting generations. In the field experiment, only rootstock treatment increased the shoot biomass of B. pilosa post-grafting generations, and only scion treatment increased the shoot biomass and the Cd extraction by shoots of G. parviflora post-grafting generations. Therefore, mutual grafting of scions may enhance the phytoremediation ability of G. parviflora first post-grafting generations.

Keywords

Mutual grafting Cadmium Post-grafting generation Hyperaccumulator Bidens pilosa Galinsoga parviflora 

Notes

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Pomology and OlericultureSichuan Agricultural UniversityChengduChina
  2. 2.College of HorticultureSichuan Agricultural UniversityChengduChina
  3. 3.Maize Research InstituteNeijiang Academy of Agricultural SciencesNeijiangChina
  4. 4.College of Chemistry and Life ScienceChengdu Normal UniversityChengduChina

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