Magnetic diatomite for pesticide removal from aqueous solution via hydrophobic interactions
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Pesticides are highly hazardous chemicals for the environment and human health and their use in agriculture is constantly increasing. Although 1,1,1-trichloro-2,2-bis(4-chlorophenyl) ethane 4,4′-DDT was banned at developed countries, it is still one of the most dangerous of chemical due to accumulation in the environment. It is known that the toxicity of DDT affects some enzyme systems biochemically. The main motivation of this study is to develop an effective adsorbate for the removal DDT, which was chosen as a model hydrophobic pesticide, out of aqueous systems. For this purpose, the bare diatomite particles were magnetically modified and a hydrophobic ligand attached to enhance its adsorptive and physio-chemical features. Under optimal conditions, a high adsorption capacity, around 120 mg/g with the hydrophobic and magnetic diatomite particles, modification of the diatomite particles reduced average pores diameter whereas surface area and total pore volume increased (around 15-folds). After five consecutive adsorption–desorption cycles, no significant decrease in adsorption capability was observed. The adsorption isotherms (Langmuir, Freundlich, and Flory–Huggins) applied to the data indicated that the adsorption process occurred via monolayer adsorption in an entropy-driven manner. The kinetic data also revealed the quick adsorption process without any diffusion limitations.
KeywordsDiatomite Magnetite Hydrophobic Pesticide DDT Removal
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