Total salinity elimination during preservation of animal skins: a sustainable approach through benign alternatives

  • John SundarEmail author
  • Chellappa Muralidharan
Research Article


Use of sodium chloride to preserve animal skins and hides is becoming increasingly untenable due to stringent environmental regulations. In the present research work, a combination of sparingly soluble alkali and water-soluble polymer of ethylene oxide has been used to preserve skins with an objective of total elimination of common salt for preservation. A comprehensive study has been made for evaluating various parameters, such as dehydration and rehydration behaviours of skins, microbial growth, emission loads and physico-chemical characteristics of the cured skin to validate the salt-free preservation system developed. The shrinkage temperature, denaturation temperature and mechanical strength of tanned leather were analysed by using shrinkage, differential scanning calorimetric and thermomechanical analysis techniques. The new curing system has been found to be effective in preserving the skin as indicated by the various parameters studied and the final leather quality. The significant reduction in total solids content such as dissolved solids and suspended solids present in the effluent compared to conventional preservation method is evident from environmental impact assessment studies.


Leather processing Hides and skins Preservation Salinity Chlorides Total dissolved solids 



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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Leather Process Technology DepartmentCSIR-Central Leather Research InstituteChennaiIndia

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