The efficient removal of methylene blue from water samples using three-dimensional poly (vinyl alcohol)/starch nanofiber membrane as a green nanosorbent

  • Ebrahim Moradi
  • Homeira EbrahimzadehEmail author
  • Zahra Mehrani
  • Ali Akbar Asgharinezhad
Research Article


In the present study, a simple, fast, and economical method was introduced to eliminate methylene blue from dye wastewater water using a non-toxic, inexpensive, stable, and efficient adsorbent. The poly (vinyl alcohol) (PVA)/starch hydrogel nanofiber membrane with high surface area and the three-dimensional structure was fabricated in water via electrospinning strategy, and the cross-linking reaction was done by thermal treatment. The characterization of the nanofibers was carried out using Fourier-transform infrared spectrometer (FT-IR) and field-emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM), and the cross-linked PVA/starch nanofiber was applied as a membrane for the removal of methylene blue (MB). The recovery of MB was performed by methanol solution containing 5% (v/v) HCl. Langmuir isotherm model successfully described the adsorption of MB on nanosorbent, and the maximum adsorption capacity (qm) was 400 mg g−1. Also, the kinetic of adsorption was well fitted by the pseudo-second-order model. In this study, because of the high stability of fabricated membrane (based on the tensile testing), it can be used as a filter for the fast separation of MB (cationic dye) and methyl orange (MO, anionic dye).

Graphical abstract


Hydrogel nanofiber Green sorbent Electrospinning Dyes Adsorption Filter 


Supplementary material

11356_2019_6400_MOESM1_ESM.doc (738 kb)
ESM 1 (DOC 738 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ebrahim Moradi
    • 1
  • Homeira Ebrahimzadeh
    • 1
    Email author
  • Zahra Mehrani
    • 1
  • Ali Akbar Asgharinezhad
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of Chemistry and Petroleum SciencesShahid Beheshti UniversityTehranIran

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